Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department Asila AL-Harthi(82666) Safaa Al-Mahrouqi(87322)
Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
Background: The Industrial Revolution in the 19 th century -> Developments in various fields of technology -> Offered new solutions for delivering instruction -> Learners’ interests were enhanced -> Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education -> Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
What is distance education or distance learning? Defining the meaning of distance education may provide a good starting point to recognise its elements . Use Google to search for: define: distance education The term ‘distance education’ covers the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous, immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms or on the same premises, but which, nevertheless, benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organization. (Holmberg,1977:9) Distance education is education which either does not imply the physical presence of the teacher appointed to dispense it in the place where it is received or in which the teacher is present only on occasion or for selected tasks. (Loi 71.556 du 12 juillet 1971) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0158791800010102 Defining Distance Education
What is distance education or distance learning? Use Wikipedia to find more info about distance education and distance learning A field of education that focuses on teaching methods and technology with the aim of delivering teaching, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional educational setting such as a classroom. It has been described as "a process to create and provide access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_education Defining Distance Education
Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Discuss the definitions you found with your team
Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Clarify the definitions using the information you found in Wikipedia and other sites. Distance Education: Is process of education which follow specific rules and guidelines to support teaching posses via utilize the attributes of digital technologies. Essentially it takes place where students and instructors are in different place.
Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Distance education is defined as A mode of education in which students enrolled in a course do not attend the institution, but study off-campus and may submit assignments by mail or email www.southbank.edu.au/site/tools/glossary/A-E.asp
Defining Distance Education Distance education or distance learning? we believe in Distance Education more than because its follow specific rules, guidelines, instructions which make student’s learning more organized as they should take responsibility about predetermined deadlines. So, they can see their progress in the learning process.
Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (old technology) The earliest version of distance education, developed in the mid-nineteenth century in Europe (Great Britain, France, Germany), and the United States. Communication, teaching and learning all took place through printed materials sent through the mail. http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/spring01/declair/history.html
Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (modern technology) The first catalogue of instruction films appeared in 1910.The instructional technology movement was defining its purpose during the late 1960s . Distance education programs which exist today have a wide range of approaches. The CALS program offer independent study courses through computer networking and relies heavily on computer-based student contact and feedback. http://www.digitalschool.net/edu/DL_history_mJeffries.html
Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.