Aviation safety management

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Management of aviation safety

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Aviation safety management

  1. 1. Aviation Safety Management SMS & Flight Safety workshop ORIENT FLIGHTS - PONDICHERRY
  2. 2. Aim Workshop is tailored for Aviation Safety Practitioner responsible for ● Formation ● Implementation ● Expansion
  3. 3. Workshop Scope 1. Basic Concept of SMS 2. Safety Risk Management 3. Safety Culture 4. SMS Implementation 5. DGCA Require 6. Flight Safety Set-up 7. Safety Management System Manual 8. Flight Safety Manual 9. Safety Assurance
  4. 4. Reference 1. CAR Section 1 Series C Part 1 - Establishment of SMS 2. SSP Div. Circular No. 1 of 2012 - Hazard Log Template 3. ICAO Safety Management Manual 9859 4. Aircraft Rules 2012 5. CAR Section 5 Series F Part 1 Flight Safety Awareness and accident/ incident Prevention Program
  5. 5. Abbreviation SDCPS : Safety Data Collection and Processing System CFS : Chief of Flight Safety FSAAP : Flight Safety Awareness Accident/ Incident Prevention Program ERP : Emergency Response Planning FSDS : Flight Safety Documentation System MMS : Master Manual Register
  6. 6. Definition SMS : SMS is defined as “a systematic approach to managing safety including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures.” Safety Definition
  7. 7. Aviation Safety Management Flight Safety 1. Chief of Flight Safety 2. CAR Sec 5 Series F Part 1 Dated 28.6.96 3. Flight Safety Manual Safety Management System 1. Safety Manager 2. CAR Sec 1 Series C Part 1 Dated 20.7.10 3. Safety Management System Manual
  8. 8. Safety Management System Framework Component : 4 Element :12 1. Comp 1: Safety Policy and Objective 2. Comp 2: Safety Risk Management 3. Comp 3: Safety assurance 4. Comp 4: Safety promotion
  9. 9. Emergency Response Planning Ch.12 - Flight Safety Manual - Emergency Response Procedure CAR D1C-C1 7.1 prepare ERP and ensure ERP is properly coordinated with the ERP of those organizations it must interface with during the provision of its services.
  10. 10. Safety Management System - shall include: 1. safety policy on which system is based; 2. a process for setting goals and for measuring of those goals; 3. process for identifying hazards and evaluating and managing the associated risks; 4. process for ensuring that personnel are trained and competent to perform their duties; 5.
  11. 11. Safety Management System- shall include: 5. a process for the internal reporting and analyzing of hazards, incidents and accidents and for taking corrective actions to prevent their recurrence; 6. a document containing all safety management system processes and a process for making personnel aware of their responsibilities with respect to them;
  12. 12. Safety Management System- shall include: 7. a quality assurance program; 8. a process for conducting periodic reviews or audits of the safety management system; and 9. any additional requirements for the safety management system that are prescribed in this CAR.
  13. 13. Safety Management System Manual- content CAR D1C-C1 Para 9.2 a) scope of the safety management system; b) safety policy and objectives; c) safety accountabilities; d) key safety personnel; e) documentation control procedures; f) coordination of emergency response planning;
  14. 14. Safety Management System Manual- content g) hazard identification and safety risk management schemes; h) safety performance monitoring; i) safety auditing; j) procedures for the management of change; k) safety promotion; and l) control of contracted activities.
  15. 15. Safety Concept 1. Concept of Safety 2. Evolution of safety thinking 3. Accident causation 4. Organisational accident 5. Error and violation 6. Organisational culture
  16. 16. Managing Safety 1. Management Dilemma 2. Responsibilities and strategies 3. Planning 4. Policies 5. Financial support 6. Organisational structure
  17. 17. Hazard The four fundamental 1. Understanding hazard 2. Hazard Identification 3. Hazard analysis 4. Documentation of hazard Hazard log Template
  18. 18. Safety Risk The five fundamental 1. Risk management 2. Risk probability 3. Risk Severity 4. Risk index / Tolerability 5. Risk control/ Mitigation
  19. 19. System Description 1. SMS Framework 2. Organisation structure 3. Safety Manager 4. Safety Management System Manual 5. Emergency Response Planning
  20. 20. Safety Documentation 1. Safety Management System Manual 2. Flight Safety Documentation System 3. Flight Safety Manual 4. Master Manual Register 5. Safety Investigation & Analysis 6. Safety Performance & Assessment 7. Electronic Safety Management System 8. Safety Performance Indicator
  21. 21. Safety Assurance 1. Gap analysis 2. SMS Planning 3. Continuous improvement 4. Hazard log 5. SDCPS - Safety Data Collection and Processing System 6. Safety Audit
  22. 22. Safety promotion 1. Safety Training 2. Safety Communication 3. Safety Website 4. Safety Bulletin
  23. 23. Flight Safety - Reference 1. CAR Section 5 Series F Part 1 - Flight Safety Awareness and accident/ incident Prevention Program 2. Air Safety Circular 2 of 2013 - FSDS 3. Air Safety Circular 8 of 2013 - Implementation of CAR D5F-F1
  24. 24. Chief of Flight Safety 1. Pilot or AME - approved by DGCA 2. If CFS is pilot then Dy CFS is AME 3. small operator - AE/Op Manager / QM with required experience
  25. 25. Flight Safety Manual 1. Approved by Director Air Safety DGCA Headquarter 2. Appendix A - CAR D5F-F1
  26. 26. Flight Safety Manual - Content 1. Ch.1 - Introduction 2. Ch.2 - Management and structure of flight safety organisation 3. Ch.3 - Aircraft accident/incident reporting 4. Ch.4 - Aircraft accident/incident investigation 5. Ch.5 - Accident Prevention Program
  27. 27. Flight Safety Manual - Content Ch.6-FLIGHT OPERATION QUALITY ASSURANCE CHAPTER 7: INTERNAL/REGULATORY SAFETY AUDIT PROGRAMME CHAPTER 8: CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT) CHAPTER 9: DANGEROUS GOODS CHAPTER 10: ADVERSE WEATHER OPERATION
  28. 28. CHAPTER 11: RAMP SAFETY CHAPTER 12: EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURE CHAPTER 13: RISK MANAGEMENT
  29. 29. ANNEXURES - Flight Safety Manual Formats/checklists FSR Format, defect reporting form, Format for Reporting ATC Incident, RA Incidents, Bird hit Incident Hazard Reporting Form, Ramp Inspection format. Reporting Form, Audit report format
  30. 30. ANNEXURES - Flight Safety Manual Reporting Form, Audit report format, Ramp Inspection Format, CVR C/L, In flight Inspection C/L, Cabin in flight inspection checklist, Audit compliance format
  31. 31. Safety Awareness Program 1. Periodical Refresher Course 2. Periodical Safety Seminar 3. Periodical Safety Journal 4. Safety Bulletin 5. Safety Poster
  32. 32. Accident/Incident Prevention Program 1. Reactive 2. Proactive
  33. 33. Safety Performance Monitoring CAR D1C-C1 Para 11.2.2 Safety performance monitoring and measurement means shall include the following: a) hazard reporting systems; b) safety audits; c) safety surveys; d) safety reviews; e) safety studies; and f) internal safety investigations.
  34. 34. Safety Audit 1. Management Practices Relating to Safety 2. Operational Policies and Procedures 3. Flight Operations 4. Safety Promotion Meetings 5. Training 6. Maintenance Standards and Procedures 7. Quality Control 8. Manuals, Documentation and Other Records
  35. 35. 8. Manuals, Documentation and Other Records 9. Buildings and Other Facilities 10. Support Equipment 11. Security
  36. 36. 1 CAR Section 5 Series F Part 1 28 June 1996 2. Appendix B D5-F1 Flight Safety Documentation System 3. Air Safety Circular No. 2 of 2013 Flight Safety Documentation System 4. Procedure approval procedure 5. Aircraft Document Design Procedure Flight Safety Documentation System - Reference
  37. 37. Process includes following a. planning and organization for the document system, b. design, c. review, d. production, e. maintenance f. Distribution of manuals and publications. g. Each part of the process will affect the entire system. FSDS Process
  38. 38. 1. Operations Manual 2. Flight Manual 3. flight deck Normal/Abnormal/Emergency procedures 4. Manual/Checklist, 5. Maintenance Manuals, 6. Procedures Manual, 7. MEL, DDGP Manual, 8. MOE, 9. CAME, 10. SOPs, 11. Cabin Crew SEP Manual, 12. Training Manuals, 13. Flight Safety Manual, 14. Dispatch manual, 15. Emergency, Security manual etc, Element of FSDS
  39. 39. i. Reference Number ii. Title iii. Year of Edition iv. Volume Number v. Purpose of the Manual vi. Date of Last Revision vii. List of recipients viii. Official/Section responsible for revision Master Manual Register
  40. 40. a. On a regular basis (at least once a year); b. After major events (mergers, acquisitions, rapid growth, downsizing etc.) c. After technology changes (introduction of new equipment); and d. After changes in safety regulations. e. After accident Review
  41. 41. Aircraft Rule 2012 Rule 2 Definitions and interpretations Rule 3 Objective of the investigation of accidents and incident Rule 4 Notification Rule 5 Obligation to investigate Rule 6 Participation Rule 7 Protection of evidence, custody, removal and preservation of damaged aircraft
  42. 42. Aircraft Rule 2012 Rule 8 Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau Rule 9 Preliminary investigation Rule 10 Powers of Aircraft Accident Investigators Rule 11 Committee of Inquiry Rule 12 Formal Investigation.- Rule 13 Investigation of incident Rule 14 Consultation and initial Report
  43. 43. Aircraft Rule 2012 Rule 15 Reopening of investigation Rule 16 Obstruction of proceedings Rule 17 Non-Disclosure of Record Rule 18 Mandatory incident reporting system Rule 19 Voluntary incident reporting system Rule 20 Maintenance of an accident and incident database Rule 21 Saving
  44. 44. Aircraft Rule 2012 Rule 22 Penalties Schedule A SERIOUS INCIDENTS Schedule B GUIDANCE FOR DETERMINATION OF AIRCRAFT DAMAGE
  45. 45. Notification Aircraft Rules 2012 - notified on 5th July 2012 To carrying out investigation into accidents, serious incidents and incidents Central Government has set up a Bureau - Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau of India.
  46. 46. Reference 1. Flight Safety Awareness Program 2. Flight Safety Documentation System 3. Develop your safety management system 4. Safety Management System - Overview Thanks For comments: qcm@orientflights.com spsinghame@gmail.com

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