―Today we have a far more reliable estimate of the burden of HIV in India,‖ said the Indian Health Minister, Anbumani Ramadoss. He did however warn of complacency, as ―in terms of human lives affected, the numbers are still large, in fact very large‖.Let’s watch out for the HIV patients in other countries and learn to know how to prevent this disease.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)is a chronic, life-threatening disease caused by avirus called human immunodeficiency virus(HIV). The virus and the infection are known asHIV. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is aterm used to refer to the later stages of theinfection.Your body’s Immune System protects you fromdiseases. But when the HIV virus attacks yourbody’s Immune System it damages and/ordestroys the Cells of your Immune Systemmaking you easily prone to various infections.Your body loses its ability to fight offviruses, bacteria and fungi that cause infectionsand disease.
Causes of HIV HIV spreads through contact with aninfected person or through blood whenyou share a needle used by an infected person for injecting yourself with drugs. Most commonly, the virus passes from person to person through body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluids and Semen.
Babies born to infected mothers are also at a high risk of getting infected during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. But if women receive treatment for HIV infection during pregnancy, the risk to their babies is significantly reduced.
United States 3.4%Congo 3.1% Russia 2.8%Zambia 2.8%Malawi 2.6%China 2.1%Brazil 1.9% Cameroon 1.7%Thailand 1.5%Côte dIvoire 1.3%Ukraine 1%India 6.9%..........
Who is at risk? If you feel you may be at risk (see Box), get yourself screened to rule out the possibility.Most HIV antibody tests done are accurate if they are done 3–6 months or even longer after you think you may have been infected.It takes this long for the antibodies to appear in the blood. HIV cannot survive for long outside your body. It needs mediums to get into your body like semen, vaginal fluids and/or blood.
Signs and symptoms The symptoms of HIV and AIDS differ, depending on the stage of the infection. Initially with HIV, there may be no symptoms at all,although one of the most commonsymptoms is mild fever 3–6 weeks after getting infected. Sometimes symptoms can show up after 8 or 9 years or more. Some of the symptoms of HIV infection are fever, sore throat, headache, swollen lymph glands, rash, cough, diarrhea and weight loss.
You cannot get HIV by: Casual contact such as touching, embracing or shaking hands with an infected person.Mosquitoor other Sharing a soap or insect towel. bites. Using a public swimming pool.
Complications of HIV Because of the damage HIV can cause to your immune system,you will be more prone to various fungal, bacterial, viral andparasitic infections. Cancer is also a possibility. However, with recent advances in medicine and research on the subject, theavailable treatment options play a major role in reducing theincidence of various opportunistic infections such a Pneumonia or Meningitis.
Preventing HIVAs with most other diseases, themantra to avoid getting infectedwith HIV is prevention. There is no vaccine to prevent HIVinfection and no cure for AIDS.Do not indulge in activities that will allow HIV-infected fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions.
Keep your family doctor informed about your HIV Do not donate status. This will blood as this can help your doctor spread the virus provide you the to others.best possible care.
Do not smoke or consume alcohol as this can weaken your body further.
Exercise Keep your regularly and hands get enough cleansleep. This will always bykeep your body washing strong and them boost your thoroughly Immune with soap System. Take enough care when and water. you are with your pets. Some animals may carry parasites that can cause infections in people who are HIV positive.
Finally… It is not easy to receive a diagnosis of being HIV positive—it is devastating.But the situation today is unlike the one that existed 30 years ago. Treatment options are better, supportgroups are many and quality of life can be better with proper treatment.So, live your life to the fullest and lend a soothing hand to others like you who also yearn for support and solace.