IS THE GRASS GREENER?           A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate                ...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate   Elena Springall, Gerstei...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate                        Ele...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate   Elena Springall, Gerstei...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate   Elena Springall, Gerstei...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate                           ...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate   Elena Springall, Gerstei...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate   Elena Springall, Gerstei...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate                           ...
IS THE GRASS GREENER?   A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate         Elena Springall...
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Is the grass greener? A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan.

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Elena Springall, Stephanie C. Kerns, Makiko Yoshida.

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Is the grass greener? A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan.

  1. 1. IS THE GRASS GREENER? A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre, University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Canada United States Japan Librarian Education Librarian Education Librarian Education ALA-accredited Master’s degree is required “Shisho” or similar certificate is required ALA-accredited Master’s degree is required Some positions accept another relevant Master’s or higher degree Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a pre- or co-requisite Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a prerequisite Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a prerequisite LIS programs exist at Bachelor, Master’s and PhD level, but are not required 7 ALA accredited programs1 51 ALA accredited programs1 10 LIS programs at Bachelor level ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education at The University of Toronto Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education at Northwestern University Education at Keio University Medical School Course Logistics Content Assessment Medical School Course Logistics Content Assessment Course Logistics Content Assessment Orientation · lecture Key e-books · none Orientation · lecture Key resources by subject · none Y1,2 · short lecture How to use library, OPAC · none ·1 librarian Access to licensed resources. · 4 librarians Access to licensed resources Medical Literature Information: · 2 workshops Medical article structure (IMRAD) · in-class exercise Overview of library resourcesY1 Structure & Function · lecture Question formulation · in-class exercise Basic · 2 librarians Publication types · report · 10 librarians Answering background questions Medical Decision Making · pre-class interactive Question formulation · none Y3 Literature search: PubMed, Ichushi-web (Japanese Evaluating resources tutorial database) Determinants of Community · online videos & workshop Question formulation · major assignment Medical Decision Making · interactive lecture (ARS) Selecting appropriate s ources · written assignment Medical Literature Information: · 2 workshops Question formulation · in-class exercise Health, Year II · 28 librarians PICO and variants · marked by librarians Y1 · 1 librarian Evaluating information assessed on medical Clinical · 2 librarians Searching clinical & EBM resources Comprehensive Ovid Medline & PsycInfo search school competencies Y4 Answering diagnosis & treatment questionsY2 Search revision Problem Based Learning · 4 librarians Librarians give real-time feedback on sources used · in-class feedback Evaluating resources Mechanisms, Manifestations and · online video & lecture Answering diagnosis & treatment questions · 1-2 exam questions by students in PBL · optional workshops PubMed · none Management of Disease · 1 librarian Evaluating resources · 1 librarian for each Ichu-shi web (Japanese database) Introduction to Clinical Clerkships · interactive lecture (ARS) PICO · in-class exercises Transition to Clerkship · 2 lectures Evaluating resources · CAT assignment · 1 librarian Formulating clinical questions Y5,6 workshop Searching clinical & EBM resources (UpToDate, · 2 librarians Searching EBM resources · librarians develop Searching clinical & EBM resources DynaMed)Y3 grading scheme for TAs Reference management tool (EndNote) etc. Y3 Interdisciplinary · interactive lecture Formulating clinical questions · whole class interactive Transition to Residency · 2 lectures Resources for lifelong learning · none Medicine/Medical Decision · pre-class assignment Applied to clerkships exercise with assignment · 1 librarian RSS feeds Making · 1 librarian SubscriptionsY4 Search alerts Sources for public health information NOTE: In Japan, students start their medical degrees directly out of high school. At Keio, students complete 1 year NOTE: All instruction is integrated into the curriculum of the medical school and is required for completion of the NOTE: All instruction is integrated into the curriculum of the medical school and is required for completion of the of general post-secondary education before starting a 6-year MD program. MD degree. MD degree. ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Health Care Spending Health Care Spending Health Care Spending 11.4% of GDP 17.4% of GDP 8.5% of GDP 4363 USD per person 7960 USD per person 2878 USD per person 71% publicly funded 2 48% publicly funded2 81% publicly funded21.American Library Association [Internet]. Chicago: Alphabetical list of institutions with ALA-accredited programs; 2012 [cited 2012 April 23]. Available from: http://www.ala.org/accreditedprograms/directory/alphalist 2. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Health at a Glance 2011: OECD Indicators. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ; 2011. http://www.oecd.org/document/11/0,3746,en_2649_37407_16502667_1_1_1_37407,00.html.
  2. 2. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Canada Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Librarian Education ALA-accredited Master’s degree is required Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a prerequisite 7 ALA accredited programs1
  3. 3. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Canada Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University.Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education at The University of Toronto Medical School Course Logistics Content Assessment Orientation · lecture Key e-books · none NOTE: All ·1 librarian Access to licensed resources. instruction is Y1 Structure & Function · lecture Question formulation · in-class exercise integrated · 10 librarians Answering background questions Evaluating resources into the curriculum of Determinants of Community · online videos & workshop Question formulation · major assignment Health, Year II · 28 librarians PICO and variants · marked by librarians the medical Comprehensive Ovid Medline & PsycInfo search school and is Y2 Search revision required for Mechanisms, Manifestations and · online video & lecture Answering diagnosis & treatment questions · 1-2 exam questions completion of Management of Disease · 1 librarian Evaluating resources ● ● ● the MD Transition to Clerkship · 2 lectures Evaluating resources · CAT assignment degree. Y3 · 2 librarians Searching EBM resources · librarians develop grading scheme for TAs Transition to Residency · 2 lectures Resources for lifelong learning · none · 1 librarian RSS feeds Subscriptions Y4 Search alerts Sources for public health information
  4. 4. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Canada Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Health Care Spending 11.4% of GDP 4363 USD per person 71% publicly funded2
  5. 5. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University United States Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Librarian Education ALA-accredited Master’s degree is required Some positions accept another relevant Master’s or higher degree Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a prerequisite 51 ALA accredited programs1
  6. 6. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University United States Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University.Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education at Northwestern University ● ● ● Medical School Course Logistics Content Assessment NOTE: All Orientation · lecture Key resources by subject · none · 4 librarians Access to licensed resources instruction is Overview of library resources integrated into the Medical Decision Making · pre-class interactive Question formulation · none curriculum of the tutorial medical school and Medical Decision Making · interactive lecture (ARS) Selecting appropriate sources · written assignment is required for · 1 librarian Evaluating information assessed on medical Y1 completion of the school competencies MD degree. Problem Based Learning · 4 librarians Librarians give real-time feedback on sources used · in-class feedback by students in PBL Introduction to Clinical Clerkships · interactive lecture (ARS) PICO · in-class exercises · 1 librarian Formulating clinical questions Searching clinical & EBM resources Y3 Interdisciplinary · interactive lecture Formulating clinical questions · whole class interactive Medicine/Medical Decision · pre-class assignment Applied to clerkships exercise with assignment Making · 1 librarian
  7. 7. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University United States Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Health Care Spending 17.4% of GDP 7960 USD per person 48% publicly funded2
  8. 8. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Japan Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Librarian Education “Shisho” or similar certificate is required Bachelor’s degree in any subject is a pre- or co-requisite LIS programs exist at Bachelor, Master’s and PhD level, but are not required 10 LIS programs at Bachelor level
  9. 9. IS THE GRASS GREENER?A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre,Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Japan Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Information Literacy Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education at Keio University ● ● ● Course Logistics Content Assessment NOTE: In Japan, Y1,2 · short lecture How to use library, OPAC · none students start their Medical Literature Information: · 2 workshops Medical article structure (IMRAD) · in-class exercise medical degrees Basic · 2 librarians Publication types · report Y3 Literature search: PubMed, Ichushi-web (Japanese directly out of high database) school. At Keio, Medical Literature Information: · 2 workshops Question formulation · in-class exercise students complete Clinical · 2 librarians Searching clinical & EBM resources 1 year of general Y4 Answering diagnosis & treatment questions post-secondary Evaluating resources education before · optional workshops PubMed · none starting a 6-year · 1 librarian for each Ichu-shi web (Japanese database) workshop Searching clinical & EBM resources (UpToDate, MD program. Y5,6 DynaMed) Reference management tool (EndNote) etc.
  10. 10. IS THE GRASS GREENER? A comparison of factors relevant to librarian involvement in Undergraduate Elena Springall, Gerstein Science Information Centre, Medical Education in the United States, in Canada, and Japan. University of Toronto Stephanie C. Kerns, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University Japan Makiko Yoshida, Shinanomachi Media Center, Keio University. Health Care Spending 8.5% of GDP 2878 USD per person 81% publicly funded21.American Library Association [Internet]. Chicago: Alphabetical list of institutions with ALA-accredited programs; 2012 [cited 2012 April 23].Available from: http://www.ala.org/accreditedprograms/directory/alphalist 2. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Health at a Glance 2011: OECD Indicators. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ; 2011.http://www.oecd.org/document/11/0,3746,en_2649_37407_16502667_1_1_1_37407,00.html.
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