Child labour refers to theemployment of children inany work that depriveschildren of theirchildhood, interferes withtheir ability to attendregular school, and that ismentally, physically, socially or morally dangerousand harmful .
Types of Child Labour Categorized by workplace: • Industries • Hotels • Restaurants • Tourism • Streets
Worst form of child LabourThese forms include:*Child Trafficking: Transfer of childto another person in return ofconsideration is called childtrafficking*Children used in Armed Conflict:Involvement in arm conflict isdangerous for physical and mentalgrowth. Other types of child labour aredomestic slavery, hazardous childlabour etc.
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR *Poverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour , for impoverished households , income from working child. * Lack of meaningful alternatives , such as affordable schools and quality education.
Cultures causesIn many cultures theeducation of girls is lessvalued or girls are simplynot expected to needformal education ,pushed into child laboursuch as providingdomestic service. Childlabour include bothdemand and supply side.Poverty and unavibilityof good schools explainthe child labour supplyside .
Consequencesof child labour*The presence of a largenumber of child laborers isregarded as a serious issue interms of economic welfareChildren who work fail to getnecessary education.
*They do not get the opportunityto developphysically, intellectually, emotionally and psychologically.*Children who work, instead ofgoing to school, remain illiteratewhich limits their ability tocontribute to their own wellbeing as well as to communitythey live in.
LAWS AGAINST CHILD LABOURArticle 19: Children will be protectedfrom all kind of Physical or mentalviolence, injury or abuse, negligenceand exploitation.Article 27: Right of adequate livingfor Physical, mental, moral and socialdevelopmentArticle 28 and 29: Right to educationArticle 31: Right to playArticle 32: Right to be protected fromeconomic exploitation and fromperforming hazardous workArticle 38: Prohibited from beingrecruited into arm forces or directparticipating in hostility.
Priorities primaryeducation It is nocoincidence that thecountries where childlabour is worst are thosethat spend least onprimary education.Primary education shouldbe free, compulsory, well-resourced, relevant andnearby.
CONCLUSION Children work because of povertythey and their family face, itself aresult of national and globalinequalities in distribution ofwealth. While the developed worldtries to use legislations oferadicating child labour, it is thesesame nations that, through theircontrol of the global economy,consign children to the bottomrung of the ladder.