Verbs Chapter 2
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Verbs Chapter 2






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Verbs Chapter 2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Verbs
    Chapter 2
  • 2. Principal Parts
    The vocabulary list will present you with three principal parts for each verb.
    amo, amare, amavi
    1st person, singular,
    Present tense
    1st person, singular, perfect tense
    (second principal part)
  • 3. Translation of the Infinitive
    In regular Latin verbs, the infinitive will end in an –re. Whenever you see an infinitive, translate it with the English word “to.”
    Examples: amare= to love
    monere= to carry
  • 4. The Infinitive
    The infinitive of a verb helps you in two very important ways.
    It tells you what conjugation a verb is in.
    It gives you the present stem of a verb.
  • 5. Conjugation
    In order to tell what conjugation a verb is in, look at the vowel before the –re in the infinitive.
    a= first conjugation
    long e, (ē)= second conjugation
    short e (e)= third conjugation
    i= fourth conjugation
  • 6. The Present Stem
    The second piece of information that the infinitive gives you is the present stem.
    In order to find the present stem of a verb, go to the infinitive and take off the
  • 7. Forming the present tense
    In order to form the present tense, add personal endings to the present stem
    The personal ending –t, is the ending for third person, singular. It is translated as he, she, or it.
    amat= he, she, or it loves
    monet= he, she, or it warns
  • 8. Forming the Present Tense (con’t)
    The personal ending –nt, is the ending for third person, plural. It is translated as they.
    amant= they love
    monent= they warn
  • 9. The verb “to be.”
    Even the irregular verb “to be” follows this same pattern for third person endings.
    Est= he, she, it, is
    Sunt= they are
  • 10. Subject/Verb Agreement
    Always remember that the subject and the verb in a sentence MUST agree in number.
    In other words, if your subject is singular, the verb MUST also have a singular ending. If the subject is plural, the verb MUST also be plural.
  • 11. Subject/Verb Agreement (con’t)
    Patercanemamat. Father loves the dog.
    “Father” (Pater) is a singular subject, so “loves” (amat) also has a singular ending.
    Pater et mater canemamant. The father and mother love the dog.
    Because “father and mother” are a plural subject, amant also has a plural ending.