Chapter 2 the accusative case

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Chapter 2 the accusative case

  1. 1. Chapter 2<br />The Accusative Case<br />
  2. 2. Review of Chapter 1<br />In Chapter 1 you learned that Latin has 5 CASES.<br />Two important facts to remember:<br /> 1. The case of a noun is determined by its use in the sentence.<br /> 2. The ending of a Latin noun will tell you what case that word is in.<br />
  3. 3. Review, continued<br />the Nominative case is used for subjects and predicate nominatives. <br /> <br />the Ablative Case is used as the object of the preposition, “in” .<br />
  4. 4. Use of the Accusative Case<br />The first use of the Accusative case is for direct objects.<br />Examples:<br />Will ate an apple.<br />Anna played the piano.<br />Michelle planted the tomato plants in the garden.<br />Each of the highlighted words is a direct object, and it would have an accusative ending.<br />
  5. 5. Direct Objects and their Verbs<br />A direct object receives the action of a verb.   <br /> The direct object will answer who? or what? after the verb.<br />Examples:<br />  Matthew hit the ball.  What did he hit?  The ball . . . . . .ball is the direct object.<br />      I love you!  Whom do I love?  You . . .. . .You is the direct object.<br />
  6. 6. Action Verbs<br />Notice that to have a direct object, you must have an action verb.  <br />Linking verbs (est, sunt) are never followed by direct objects.<br />
  7. 7. Accusative Endings<br />In Latin, direct objects will have an Accusative ending. <br /> The Accusative endings for all three declensions are listed below.  N.B.  All singular direct objects end in –m; all plural direct objects end in –s.<br />
  8. 8. Word Order<br />Typically, the word order in a Latin sentence is: <br /> Subject Direct Object Verb<br /> S DO V<br />HOWEVER…the use of the noun is dictated by the ENDING, not the word order. <br />
  9. 9. Recap<br />You have now learned 3 cases: Nominative, Accusative, Ablative.<br />

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