CATALYST Do you think chimpanzees can learn American Sign Language? How about use a computer? Why or why not?
Meet Jane Goodall…
SCIENTIFIC METHOD <ul><li>This is a series of steps that scientists use answer questions and solve problems </li></ul>
SCIENTIFIC METHOD <ul><li>SIX </li></ul><ul><li>GREAT </li></ul><ul><li>FARMERS </li></ul><ul><li>PLANT </li></ul><ul><li>...
Six: State the Problem <ul><li>The scientist identifies the question or subject that he/she wishes to study </li></ul>
Great: Gather Information <ul><li>The scientist researches the subject that he/she is studying.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pla...
Farmers: Form Hypothesis <ul><li>A  hypothesis  is the scientist’s  educated guess  or  best guess  about what will happen...
Plant: Perform Experiment <ul><li>Scientists develop a way to test their hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Variable...
All: Analyze Data <ul><li>Scientists compile data into  charts  and  graphs   </li></ul><ul><li>This helps make sense of t...
Day: Draw Conclusions <ul><li>Scientist decides whether the original hypothesis was correct. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the ...
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Scimethnew

  1. 1. CATALYST Do you think chimpanzees can learn American Sign Language? How about use a computer? Why or why not?
  2. 2. Meet Jane Goodall…
  3. 3. SCIENTIFIC METHOD <ul><li>This is a series of steps that scientists use answer questions and solve problems </li></ul>
  4. 4. SCIENTIFIC METHOD <ul><li>SIX </li></ul><ul><li>GREAT </li></ul><ul><li>FARMERS </li></ul><ul><li>PLANT </li></ul><ul><li>ALL </li></ul><ul><li>DAY </li></ul><ul><li>(this is a mnemonic device) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Six: State the Problem <ul><li>The scientist identifies the question or subject that he/she wishes to study </li></ul>
  6. 6. Great: Gather Information <ul><li>The scientist researches the subject that he/she is studying. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Places to do research: library, internet, encyclopedia, television, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Farmers: Form Hypothesis <ul><li>A hypothesis is the scientist’s educated guess or best guess about what will happen in the experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually has the words “If... Then” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IF I eat too much, THEN I will get sick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inference – a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience (Ex.  You see a window broken and a baseball on the floor next to the shattered glass.  You can -infer- that a baseball broke your window) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Plant: Perform Experiment <ul><li>Scientists develop a way to test their hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Variable (manipulated) : part of the experiment that can be changed or controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Variable (responding) : What is measured in the experiment </li></ul>Control –what you keep the same. A good experiment only changes one thing!
  9. 9. All: Analyze Data <ul><li>Scientists compile data into charts and graphs </li></ul><ul><li>This helps make sense of the information taken from the experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative – numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative – description </li></ul><ul><li>X –axis is the dependent variable </li></ul><ul><li>Y-axis is the independent variable </li></ul>
  10. 10. Day: Draw Conclusions <ul><li>Scientist decides whether the original hypothesis was correct. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the answer is “ YES ” then you are done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the answer is “ NO ” then a new hypothesis is made and you repeat the experiment </li></ul></ul>
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