Manifest destiny the change that led our country west By: Dakota Hull, Brianna Winton, Cameron Eckert, and Michael Sperlich
The California gold rush
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter’s Mill, in Coloma, California. Once the news of the discovery soon spread, resulting in some 300,000 men, women, and children coming to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. Of the 300,000, approximately 150,000 arrived by sea while the remaining 150,000 arrived by land.
The California gold rush
Many people came from all around the world to see if they would get lucky and strike it rich with gold. And these people were called forty-niners. But unfortunately not everyone struck it rich. And were left with nothing since they had mostly sold all of there belongings and moved west to compete in the hard game that it was.
The California Gold Rush
The Donner Party
The Donner Party
One belief that the trip to the west coast would be invigorating and worth what they had left behind but unfortunately what they assumed would be for the best soon turned to a nightmare very quickly.
They followed a route by a man named Lansford Hastings who had promised that the route he had told would cut the time traveling west and that there was a quicker route.
But Hastings's had never traveled the route he had promised to others was shorter and safer.
But he did not know that winter would come one month only and about 81 wagons were going to travel his route.
The trail contained deserts, plains, and mountains.
Along the way they soon reached the Nevada mountains and it began to snow they attempted to go over the summit three time but each time failed , each time they tried the snow became to deep for them to travel.
The Donner Party
They headed back to the lake to bunker down until winter ended and the trail was cleared.
But food soon ran scarce and they began to eat their cattle and when all the meat ran out the soon turned to eat the hide of each animal .
But even that did not last for long many started to die from starvation .
Once the food supply they turned to cannibalism they ate the bodies of the dead.
But as soon as the path cleared the search parties where out and 41 of the 81 wagons made if to Sutter’s fort
Who traveled the trail
This road to the West was known by many names. It was called the Oregon Trail, the California Trail, the Platte Trail, and the Mormon Trail by people who traveled it. It was primarily an emigrant trail. However, the Oregon Trail was also used by the Army, and stagecoaches and the Pony Express Route followed part of the trail.
THE FIRST TO TRAVEL THE OREGON TRAIL
The first where fur trappers after they heard that the trail had an abundance a beaver but after all of the beavers were distinguished the trappers left to join there families again
Then most people around the us started to move west in order to start a family in the new land and grow crop and settle in a huge new land.
The trail began on the outskirt of independence, Missouri. And ended in Oregon. Nut along the way many did not know how hard and frustrating it would be to travel in all of the unpredictable conditions.
They traveled in prairie schooners and in wagon trails where there were more than one wagon nearby. They traveled through rain, snow, sleet, hot conditions ,and even through rivers and streams.
But there biggest fear was to travel through the mountains having to move upward and through narrow paths and deep valleys and short edges. It was there biggest fear but they soon made it through and keep up with the trail.
Btu then there was the Mormon’s a couple with a goal to reach Oregon but unfortunately they were to poor to but a wagon so the pushed there belongings in hand carts. This would be an even tougher adventure for them.
The Oregon trail
But not only the obstacles where hard for the settlers death was also a extra to the trail.
At least 34,000 people died while traveling on the trail from many different reasons.
Some where from thirst, starvation, accidents, and even Indian attacks and robbers.
Bad weather also killed people lightning strikes and flash floods and drought conditions.
But to most people all of the sacrifices where a challenge to see if they could survive in Oregon and many took it well .
And finally once they got there they looked back the had seen all of those challenges and took to the land that they had been through and made them there home .
The Battle of the Alamo
The Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission in San Antonio de Bexar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas). All but two of the Texan defenders were killed. Santa Anna's perceived cruelty during the battle inspired many Texans—both Texas settlers and adventurers from the United States—to join the Texans Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texans defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolution .
Several months previously, Texans had driven all Mexican troops out of Mexican Texas. Approximately 100 Texans were then garrisoned at the Alamo. The Texan force grew slightly with the arrival of reinforcements led by eventual Alamo co-commanders James Bowie and William B. Travis. On February 23, approximately 1,500 Mexican troops marched into Béxar as the first step in a campaign to re-take Texas. For the next 12 days the two armies engaged in several skirmishes with minimal casualties. Aware that his garrison could not withstand an attack by such a large force, Travis wrote multiple letters pleading for more men and supplies, but fewer than 100 reinforcements arrived .
In the early morning hours of March 6, the Mexican Army advanced on the Alamo. After repulsing two attacks, Texans were unable to fend off a third. As Mexican soldiers scaled the walls, most of the Texan soldiers withdrew into interior buildings. Defenders unable to reach these points were slain by the Mexican cavalry as they attempted to escape. Between five and seven Texans may have surrendered; if so, they were quickly executed. Most eyewitness accounts reported between 182 and 257 Texans dead, while most historians of the Alamo agree that 400–600 Mexicans were killed or wounded. Several noncombatants were sent to Gonzales to spread word of the Texan defeat. The news sparked a panic and the Texan army, most settlers and the new Republic of Texas government fled from the advancing Mexican Army.