IBM Research:IBM Research: The World is Our LabThe World is Our LabChinaWatsonAlmadenAustinTokyoHaifaZurichIndiaDublinMelbourneBrazilIBM Research labsLabs added since 2010Other IBM Research presence
IBM Research – AfricaIBM Research – Africa Nairobi, Kenya Our 12thresearch lab IBM’s first lab on the continent Initial focus– Next Generation Public Sector• e-government– Smarter Cities• water & transportation– Human Capacity Development• technology & business skills
IBM University ProgramsCognitive SystemsEraEras of computingEras of computingProgrammableSystems EraTabulatingSystems EraComputerIntelligenceTimeOn August 22, 1943, 105 men, women and children,among them 43 IBM employees, alighted from a special train thatcarried them across the continent to establish new homes and thenew IBM Card Manufacturing Plant Number 5 at 16thand St. John Streets, San Jose, CA.
Inspired by the function, power, and volume of the organic brain,IBM is developing TrueNorth, a novel modular, scalable, non-vonNeumann, ultra-low power, cognitive computing architecture.TrueNorth consists of a scalable network of neurosynaptic cores,with each core containing neurons, dendrites, synapses, andaxons. To set sail for TrueNorth, IBM developed Compass, amulti-threaded, massively parallel functional simulator and aparallel compiler that maps a network of long-distance pathwaysin the macaque monkey brain to TrueNorth.IBM and LBNL demonstrated near-perfect weak scaling on a 16rack IBM Blue Gene/Q (262,144 processor cores, 256 TBmemory), achieving an unprecedented scale of 256 millionneurosynaptic cores containing 65 billion neurons and 16 trillionsynapses running only 388× slower than real time with anaverage spiking rate of 8.1 Hz. By using emerging PGAScommunication primitives, IBM also demonstrated 2× better real-time performance over MPI primitives on a 4 rack Blue Gene/P(16384 processor cores, 16 TB memory). Here is PDF of finalpaper.NEW NEWS: Since submitting the camera ready copy, using 96Blue Gene/Q racks of the Lawrence Livermore National LabSequoia supercomputer (1,572,864 processor cores, 1.5 PBmemory, 98,304 MPI processes, and 6,291,456 threads), IBMand LBNL achieved an unprecedented scale of 2.084 billionneurosynaptic cores containing 53x1010neurons and 1.37x1014synapses running only 1542× slower than real time. Here is PDFof IBM Research Report, RJ 10502.1014on November 14, 2012
14Monkey Brain Wiring Diagram 400 areas 7,000 connectionsCognitive ComputingCognitive Computing Recent Simulation of the Brain– Using novel techniques we havesimulated a rat scale brain Develop an artificial nano-synapse Develop an artificial cortex chip for a mouseand later for a cat Demonstrate by running a virtual mouse andcat through a virtual maze in a 3D virtual world
IBM University Programs15AutomobileInternetTechnological Acceleration0 25 50 100 125 15075Years2550100TelephoneElectricityRadioTelevisionVCRPCCellular%PenetrationYEARS
IBM University Programs16•iPhone/iPad app developer•wireless marketing director•microfinance infrastructure designer•3D content developer for movies, TV•social network manager•deploying technology into the cloud•organic solar cell development•digital image managementMany top in-demand jobs in 2011 did not exist in 2005!16
IBM University Programs17 17U.S Department of Laborestimates that today’s learnerwill have 10-14 jobs…by the age of 38!
IBM University Programs18 Estimates are 85% of the jobs today’s learners will be doinghaven’t been invented yet theyll be using technologies that dont exist to solve problems we dont yet know are problems18
IBM University Programs19Five historical cycles …
IBM University Programs20~100 years of US job transformationsSource: US Bureau of Economic Analysis; McKinsey Global Institute Analysis
22Those in-the-know say, “IBM is helping to build a SmarterPlanet…”
23A Smarter Planet is built from smarter servicesystems…INSTRUMENTEDWe now have the abilityto measure, sense andsee the exact conditionof practically everything.INTERCONNECTEDPeople, systems andobjects can communicateand interact with eachother in entirely newways.INTELLIGENTWe can respond to changesquickly and accurately,and get better resultsby predicting and optimizingfor future events.WORKFORCEPRODUCTSSUPPLY CHAINCOMMUNICATIONSTRANSPORTATION BUILDINGSIT NETWORKS
24City challenge: buildings and transportationRyan Chin:Smart Cities
3232Identifies entrepreneurs developingbusinesses aligning with our SmarterPlanet vision.SmartCamp finalists raised more than$50m and received significant press inWall Street Journal, Forbes andBloomberginHealthcare SmartCamp kickstart - Miami - May 15, 2012Apply by April 27thSmarterCities SmartCamp kickstart - New York - May 24, 2012Apply by May 3rdNorth America Regional SmartCamp - Boston - June 20 & 21, 2012Apply by May 25thapply now at www.ibm.com/isv/startup/smartcampExclusive Networking andMentoring eventNorth America SmartCamp lead: Eric Apse, firstname.lastname@example.orgUniversity Programs lead: Dawn Tew, email@example.com