The Role of the FamilyChildren went to WarPrivate Johnny Cook was abugler with Battery B, 4th U.S.Artillery who was awarded theMedal of Honor for his actionsat Antietam when he was only15 years old.Just west of the Cornfieldwith men down in the battery,he acted as cannoneer undersevere fire.
The Role of the FamilyTillie Pierce was a 15 year oldteenager on July 1, 1863 when sheleft Gettysburg with her family toescape the battle. She foundherself nursing the wounded atthe J. Weikert Farm south oftown. Care of wounded soldierscontinued upon returning to thefamily home, and in almost everyhome and building in Gettysburgfor months after the battle. Tillielater wrote about her experiencesin an article, “What a Girl Heardand Saw of the Battle.”
Challenging TimesShortages became so severethat in 1863 the women ofRichmond marched on thegovernment in a “Bread Riot.”
Civilians in Vicksburg livedthrough 47 days of Union siegeoperations against Confederateforces defending the city ofVicksburg. Families lived incaves and trenches to escapethe bombardment and manystarved in the process.Challenging Times
Civilians who had homes nearbattles often had their homesdestroyed or taken over for useas field hospitals.The Chancellor family wastrapped between the armies inMay 1863 when their homebecame General Hooker’sHeadquarters.Challenging Times
Challenging TimesThose on the home front hadto meet the needs of theirfamily as well as support theneeds of the army.