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Central ohio research of paranormal and spectral energies
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Central ohio research of paranormal and spectral energies

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A brief history of electronic voice phenomena

A brief history of electronic voice phenomena

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    Central ohio research of paranormal and spectral energies Central ohio research of paranormal and spectral energies Presentation Transcript

    • Central Ohio Research ofParanormal and Spectral Energies
    • A Brief History of Researching Spectral Entities• 3400 BC – Egyptian manuscripts mention ghosts and spirits. This is the earliest documentation of a belief in spectral energies
    • Old Testament MentionsParanormal & Spectral Energies 1450 BC – Since the Bible was written, it has featured stories of ghosts, spirits and the paranormal.
    • 753 BCRomans and Greeks tell of seers conjuring spiritsto assist with helping people and answeringquestions.
    • 469 - 399 BCGreek philosopher Socrates teaches that ghosts might beharmful, especially those that died violently orprematurely.
    • 427 – 347 BCPlato warns against prowling abouttombs, because apparitions of impuresouls may remain.
    • 55 BCRoman poet, Lucretius believed that ghosts diffused fromthe body after death, and lingered in the atmosphere.
    • 100 ADIn a letter to his patron, Pliny the Younger provides what isbelieved to be the first written example of a haunting. It tells of ahome in Athens, where loud noises, like that of chains rattling,were heard, and the apparition of an old man was seen.
    • 1681Ghost hunting isnt a modern activity; one of the first ghost hunters wasJoseph Glanvill. As the chaplain of English king Charles II in the late 1600s,Glanvill investigated the paranormal, especially ghostly activity in theBritish Isles. His most famous case was the Drummer of Tedworth, and hepublished his results in Saducismus Triumphatus in 1681.
    • 1685 – 1826 Development of PhotographyThe first camera that was small and portable enough to be practical forphotography was built by Johann Zahn, in 1685. It would be 141 yearsbefore such an application was truly possible, because the first practicalphotographic process was invented in 1826.
    • 1799Friedrich Nicolai. His interest in the paranormal began after he sufferedfrom visions of deceased people. He began to investigate and try to find acure for the condition. In 1799, he presented "Memoir on the Appearance ofSpectres or Phantoms Occasioned by Disease," which included variousexperiences with the paranormal.
    • 1848 Spirit CommunicationAlso known as the birth of Spiritualism. The Fox sisters claimed that they hadmanaged to communicate with a spirit in their house in Hydesville, New York. Theymanaged this by asking the spirit to rap responses to yes or no questions, and toknock at certain letters of the alphabet. There was much controversy about thisduring their life, one sister claimed to have made it all up, but later she apologizedto her sisters, citing that she felt pressured, by her husband and the ChristianChurch, to make such a statement. Still it began a huge movement that is still felt inour time. Today Spiritualism has over two million followers.
    • 1849 First Documented Public Medium Demonstration • Showcased in Corinthian Hall in New York. The spirits accompanied Maggie and Leah (Kate was absent) onto the stage, providing a consistent background noise of knocks and raps. After attending two events with the girls, a chosen committee could find no earthly explanation for the raps, despite trying to trip up the girls and the spirits. • The crowd appointed another committee of five men, to try again. The investigation included the girls being physically examined by a doctor. The results, reported to a crowd at Corinthian Hall the next evening, were substantially the same. Yet a third committee was appointed, with one wrinkle: It included a Ladies’ Committee, who was tasked with stripping the girls and searching them. Maggie and Leah Fox submitted, though both wept through it. Again, no physical explanation or devices were found that could explain the sounds • Later, Maggie fell in love with Arctic explorer Elisha Kent Kane, who, embarrassed by her sketchy vocation, urged her to "quit this life of dreary sameness and suspected deceit." • In 1888, when a world-weary Maggie renounced Spiritualism as a fraud and a year later recanted her startling declaration, the faith suffered a blow from which it never recovered.
    • 1857 Allan Kardac Publishes “The Book of the Spirits”“Spiritism is a science which deals with the nature, origin and destiny of Spirits, aswell as their relationship with the corporeal world.” In The Book of the Spirits,Allan Kardac explains his beliefs. These were and still are considered subversive bythe Catholic Church.
    • 1860 First Spirit Photo TakenW. Campbell took a picture of an empty chair, to test for lighting. In the photograph a littleboy appeared to be sitting in the chair. Since he was unable to produce any other spiritphotos, his name has all but fallen into obscurity. This is just a photo of a cool throne. Icould not find the actual W. Campbell Ghost Boy Photo.
    • 1861 William Mumler becomes known for his Spirit Photographs William Mumler helped to promote the idea of taking pictures of spirits, although his were taken by fraudulent means. Admittedly there have been some who would produce false photos, beginning with William Mumler in 1861, and still happening today, thanks in large part to software programs such as Photoshop.
    • 1882 The Society for Psychical Research is Founded This was the first organized effort to gather scientists and scholars together for critical and sustained investigations of paranormal phenomena.
    • 1891 Photo of Lord Combermere’s GhostThe figure of a man can faintly be seen sitting in the chair on the left. His head, collarand right arm on the armrest can be clearly made out. While Sybell Corbet was takingthe above photograph, lord Combermeres funeral was taking place over four milesaway. Lord Combermere died four days prior, and all of his staff were attending hisfuneral.
    • 1911 James Coates publishes “Photographing The Invisible” In the book he examines numerous cases of spirit photography. The book helped propel paranormal photography into the mainstream. It caught the attention of many and brought about a number of new researchers to the field of paranormal exploration.
    • 1918 Tesla Notes Unexplained VoicesThe sounds I am listening to every night at first appear to be human voicesconversing back and forth in a language I cannot understand. I find itdifficult to imagine that I am actually hearing real voices from people notof this planet. There must be a more simple explanation that has so fareluded me. – Nicola Tesla
    • 1920 Thomas Alva Edison shows interest in Spirit Communication Edison, who publicly mocked Tesla and his experiments, privately believed that Tesla had managed to find the correct frequency to enable communication with spirits of the dead. Edison was determined to discover Teslas secret, and be the first to get the "Spirit Phone" on the market. In his diary, Dr. Miller Hutchinson wrote: "Edison and I are convinced that in the fields of psychic research will yet be discovered facts that will prove of greater significance to the thinking of the human race than all the inventions we have ever made in the field of electricity.“ Edison failed to live long enough to succeed with his ill-gotten idea to best Tesla. Tesla simply noted in his journal that Edison was trying to use his patents to talk with specters. Edison thought that Tesla could listen to spirits, Tesla considered that he was hearing people from other planets - the voices could have been the same, they may have just changed their stories to fit the belief system of the listener.
    • 1925 Tesla Further Confused by VoicesTesla noted, “I am hearing more phrases in these transmissions that are definitely inEnglish, French and German. If it were not for the fact that the frequencies I ammonitoring are unusable for terrestrial radio stations, I would think that I am listening topeople somewhere in the world talking to each other.”Considering the lack of powerful sending stations at the time, none of these early,mysterious signals have ever been explained!
    • 1932J.B. Rhine began experiments in the first parapsychologyinstitute at Duke University, established in 1932. The ESPcards were developed in 1937, by Dr. J. B. Rhine and hiscolleague Dr. K. E. Zener to test for extrasensoryperception in laboratory settings.
    • 1941 – 1960 Attila Von Szalay was among the first to try recording what he believed to be the voices of the dead. He was a world renowned psychic and he could often audibly hear the voices speaking to him.He was hoping to capture voices, because his venture into spirit photography had not yielded astounding results.At first he failed at recording spirit voices too. Along with psychologist Raymond Bayless, he began researching ways to record the phenomena. They began their attempts using a 78 RPM Pack-Bell record cutter. This proved to be a disappointment. Next, they constructed a box-like device consisting of a microphone set inside a speaking trumpet, placed inside a wooden cabinet. Almost immediately they began recording strange voices.
    • 1959 Friedrich Jürgensen, a Swedish filmmaker, was alone in a forest recording bird song with a reel to reel recorder for an upcoming movie. After returning home to playback what he had recorded, he noticed two very faint but, distinct voices in the background of the recording. One was that of a man speaking of the bird song at night. The other was his own mother calling out to him . Of course this amazed and startled Jürgensen because he had been skeptical of life after death. After this he became obsessed with EVP and went on to record thousands of these ghostly voices until his death on October 21, 1987.
    • 1965Dr. Konstantīns Raudive was a Latvian psychologist whotaught at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, beforedevoting the last ten years of his life to electronic voicephenomenon (EVP). He read Friedrich Jurgensens book,Voices from Space, and was so impressed by it that hearranged to meet Jorgensen in 1965.With the help of a physicist and an electronics expert,he captured over 100,000 of spirit recordings onaudiotape, most under strict laboratory conditions,which he published in his book Breakthrough.Raudive developed several different approaches torecording EVP:•Microphone voices: one simply leaves the taperecorder running, with no one talking; he indicated thatone can even disconnect the microphone.•Radio voices: one records the white noise from a radiothat is not tuned to any station.•Diode voices: one records from what is essentially acrystal set not tuned to a station.
    • 1985 Instrumental Transcommunication BeginsKlaus Schreiber began to receive spirit images on his TV set, including the faces ofscientist Albert Einstein, Austrian actress Romy Schneider, and various departedfamily members, especially his two deceased wives and daughter Karin, with whomhe was particularly close. His technique, set up by his colleague Martin Wenzel,involved aiming a video camera at the television and feeding the output of thecamera back into the TV, in order to achieve a feedback loop.
    • 1980’sWe see the emergence of EMF meters being used inparanormal investigations. 2000’sWe see the emergence of infrared, and fullspectrum camera’s being used inparanormal investigations.
    • 2012Central Ohio Research of Paranormal and Spectral Energies plays EVP for people at Pagan Pride held in Bedford, Ohio!
    • Independence DayThis one was collected on the 4th of July, in the daytime, ata cemetery. I was near the grave of a Vietnam Veteran. Imentioned all of the sound of explosions used to mark ourindependence. Here’s what he had to say.
    • Regular Speed Slower Heard During a FuneralThis next EVP was taken at a cemetery, during a funeral. If it makes you feel any better, herstepson said to me, “You should have brought your recorders.” I answered, I’m glad you saidthat, because I did.” This is played at regular speed. (Look at those people). Here it is sloweddown slightly (play second clip of it). Sometimes spirit voices seem to speak slightly faster thanus, there are some theories out there as to why this is, maybe some people are just fast talkersor excited and emotive. Either way, we tend to be able to hear this kind of EVP better if weslow them down just a little.
    • Ahhh, but can they see you?Here’s one that was captured at Edwin Shaw. It used to be known as theSanitarium. Through the years it was also tuberculosis hospital, hospital forterminally ill children, an orphanage, an insane asylum, a drug and alcoholrehabilitation center, and finally a hospital for orthopedic rehabilitation.I began to get vocal responses the minute I turned on my recorder. This onewas captured just after stepping onto the grounds.It goes by fast, let’s hear it again!
    • I Want Candy! Sometimes we get unique responses when we try new ideas. This is what we heard when we brought candy as a trigger object. Trigger objects are items that might trigger a response from the spirits. They can be objects from history, or as we found out here, they can be food items too. We had more than these comments about candy, but these are the ones that are the easiest to hear. In the first example the spirit talks fast through part of it. He says “Hey! I’m Hungry, come over here. I want some candy.” In the next 21 one you can hear another spirit clearly respond about candy. These are unique because often it is hard to tell if they are not just random words, but the spirits at Edwin Shaw seem to be responding to our offer of candy and not just speaking about events which may have happened to them at some time, which is considered residual. This goes a long way to show spirit intelligence as well as their ability to interact with those of us living in this realm.
    • Edwin Shaw: Balcony of the Original Tuberculosis Ward One of our group was near a broken window, with much broken glass on the ground. The disembodied voice seems to be warning him of the danger. The person near the glass was named “Mason”.
    • More EVP from Edwin Shaw•I invite the spirits to “come talk to us”.You can hear their response.•Did someone need a doctor?
    • Class A EVPThis class A EVP was capturedat a Hartville cemetery. Giveit a listen. I’ll play it again foryou.Class A EVP is that which canbe heard withoutamplification, and all peopleagree to what’s being said.The interesting thing is thatthe name on the grave was“M-a-r-k-l-e-y”. Let’s hearthat one more time.
    • My Name Is HeatherMy Name Is 31 July My friend Heather Mommy These last few, on our list today, were all collected at a home in Uniontown, Ohio. I’ll play them first, and then tell you a little bit of background. There were no children currently living in the home, although there were reports by the residents that the spirit of a little girl was seen, and a psychic picked up on a little girl with long blonde hair in a yellow nightgown. Theresidents confirmed the psychic’s description. Let’s play that one again for you.
    • Thank You! Enjoy the rest of theworkshops at Pagan Pride.