January 2, 2013 Do Now:What do you already know about Shakespeare? His life? His plays?
The Greatest English Writer William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon- Avon. Shakespeare was the most documented Elizabethan playwright who was recognised in his own lifetime. After retiring and making his will out on March 25, 1616, Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. Nothing is recorded on the cause of his death.
Shakespeares Life John Shakespeare, Williams father, was a glover and a whittawer. He was a highly successful and respected man. His father held many public official positions: mayor, town council man, and justice of peace. Shakespeares father was not able to write. In 1576, Johns business went down. HeStratford on Avon stopped attending meetings and social events. Shakespeare was twelve at this point in time.
Shakespeares mother wasMary Arden. She came from awealthy family who paid ahandsome dowry to marry heroff.While living on Henly Street,she bore eight children with theShakespeare name.
Shakespeare went to Stratford Grammar School where he studied classics written in Greek and Latin. His teachers gave him the incentive to read. He was taught by two Oxford graduates, Simon Hunt and Thomas Jenkins. Shakespeare had an unusual keen observation of both nature and mankind. His education was said to have ended here.
On November 27, 1582, Shakespeare married Ann Hathaway who was twenty-eight years old. On May 26, 1583, Ann bore their first daughter, Susanna. In 1585, a set of twins were born, Judith and Hamnet. Hamnet died at the age of eleven in 1596. No evidence was found of Shakespeare Ann Hathaways House between the years of 1585 1592. These years of Shakespeares life were called "The Hidden Years".
Shakespeares MemorialPlaces in Stratford on Avon Shakespeare’s Memorial Theater
January 3 Do Now: Read Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare. 1. What is the poem conveying? 2. What is the rhyme scheme? 3. How many syllables per line? 4. In the first 2 lines, mark which syllables are stressed and unstressed.
Hidden Years During Shakespeares Hidden Years, many people suspected that he ran away from the law or became a butchers apprentice. Christopher Beston, called "The Chronicle of the Stage", was also a prominent theatrical manager. Beston told John Aubry, who wrote "Brief Lies", that Shakespeare was probably a school teacher during these years. No evidence was found of Shakespeares whereabouts until 1592 in London.
London Period In London, Shakespeare established himself as an actor who began to write many plays. In 1593, he found a patron, Henry Wriothsley, to sponsor him. During this time, he wrote two long poems. His first long poem, "Venus and Adonius", was written in 1593. In 1594, he wrote his second long poem, “Lucrece". The theatres also opened again after the plague during this year.
The Globe Theater Shakespeare worked for "Lord Chamberlains Men" company that later became "The Kings Men" in 1603 after King James I took over. This company became the largest and most famous acting company because Shakespeare performed and worked for them. His plays were usually performed by this company.
. All 154 of his sonnets were publishedin 1609. At this time, Richard Burbagewas considered the greatest actor.James Burbage, Richards father, wasthe first to build a theatre in Londoncalled "The Theatre" in 1576. In 1599,"The Globe" was built in a circularshape.
The plays in this theatre usually lasted for three days. The first day, expenses were paid, the second day, the actors were paid, and the third day, the playwright was paid. Other theatres to follow were the following: "The Curtain", "The Rose", "The Swan", "The Fortune", "The Red Bull", and "TheHamlet Hope".
As an actor, writer, director, and a stockholder in "The Kings Men" company, Shakespeare had multiple sources of income. He was becoming a very wealthy man. In 1597, Shakespeare bought New Place which was a very large house for his family to live in.
At the End Shakespeare left London in 1611 and retired. On March 25, 1616, Shakespeare made a will. He died April 23, 1616 at the age of fifty-two. The cause of his death was unknown. Many people believe that Shakespeare knew he was dying; however, he didnt want anyone to know that he was.
The Modern Building of the Globe Theater in London.
At Shakespeares time, after the graveyard was full, they would dig ones corpse up and burn the persons bones in a huge fireplace. Some people would strip the corpse after the burial. Shakespeare hated this type of treatment after death, so he wrote his own epitaph.
Shakespeares Will "Good Friends, for Jesus sake forbear, To dig the bones enclosed here! Blest be the man that spares these stones, And curst be he that moves my bones."
Due to the fact that the people at this time were superstitious, no one ever bothered his corpse. A while ago, a few people wanted to dig him up and check his bones to be sure that the person buried there was Shakespeare. However, the government would not allow it.
In 1623, Shakespeares first folio was published. The folio included: 154 sonnets, 37 plays, and 2 long poems. His friends compiled all of his work into this folio before anyone could reproduce his plays and claim them as their own. Many of his plays are famous and are studied by students today.
Some Sonnets Let me not to the marriage of Let me not to the marriage of Shall I compare thee to a summers day? true minds Admit impediments. Thou art more lovely and more Love is not love temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds Which alters when it alteration of May, finds, Or bends with the And summers lease hath all too short a remover to remove: O no! it is date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven an ever-fixed mark shines, That looks on tempests and is And often is his gold complexion never shaken; It is the star to dimmd; And every fair from fair sometime every wandering bark, declines, Whose worths unknown, By chance, or natures changing course, untrimmd; although his height be taken. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Loves not Times fool, though Nor lose possession of that fair thou rosy lips and cheeks owest; Within his bending sickles Nor shall Death brag thou wanderst in his shade, compass come: Love alters not When in eternal lines to time thou with his brief hours and weeks, growest; But bears it out even to the So long as men can breathe, or eyes can edge of doom. If this be error see, So long lives this, and this gives life to and upon me proved, I thee. never writ, nor no man ever loved.
When in disgrace with fortune and Not marble, nor the gildedmens eyes, monuments I all alone beweep my outcast Of princes, shall outlive thisstate, powerful rhyme;And trouble deaf Heaven with my But you shall shine more brightbootless cries, in these contents And look upon myself, and curse Than upswept stone,my fate, besmeard with sluttish time.Wishing me like to one more rich When wasteful war shallin hope, statues overturn, Featurd like him, like him with And broils root out the workfriends possessd, of masonry,Desiring this mans art, and that Nor Mars his sword nor warsmans scope, quick fire shall burn With what I most enjoy The living record of yourcontented least: memory.Yet in these thoughts myself ‘Gainst death and all obliviousalmost despising, enmity Haply I think on thee,--and then Shall you pace forth; yourmy state praise shall still find room,(Like to the lark at break of day Even in the eyes of all posterityarising That wear this world out to From sullen earth) sings hymns the ending doom.at heavens gate; So, till the judgment thatFor thy sweet love rememberd yourself arise,such wealth brings You live in this, and dwell in That then I scorn to change my lovers eyes.state with kings.