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  • 1. Metaphors Different Types
  • 2. Standard Metaphor
    • A figure of speech that makes a connection between two unlike items.
    • Ex.: My heart is a rose.
  • 3. Extended Metaphor
    • A metaphor extended over several lines, verses, or chapters.
    • Ex.: Writing this research paper is a grind. My brain is not operating. I am running out of steam. (Each sentence extends the metaphor that the mind is a machine.)
  • 4. Implied Metaphor
    • A less direct metaphor.
    • Ex.: The boxer pecked away at his opponent.
  • 5. Dead Metaphor
    • A metaphor that has become so common that we no longer notice it as a figure of speech
    • Ex.: My sister drives me out of my mind.
  • 6. Simile
    • A figure of speech that makes a connection between two unlike things by using words such as like or as.
    • Ex.: My heart is like a rose.
  • 7. Personification
    • A metaphor in which a nonhuman object is given human qualities.
    • Ex.: The casino cheated him.
  • 8. Metonymy
    • A figure of speech in which something closely related to an object is substituted for the object itself.
    • Ex.: The history department needs new blood (instead of new teachers).
  • 9. Synecdoche
    • The substitution of a part for the whole (or vice versa).
    • Ex.: Five hundred hands were needed to build the bridge.
  • 10. Let’s give metaphorical writing a try!
    • What’s the difference between tangible and intangible?
    • Can you sort this list?
    • Love, skateboard, hate, betrayal, jealousy, bracelet, CDs, driver’s license, envy, trust, pizza, friendship, locker, commitment, anxiety, movies, video games, confidence
  • 11. Answers:
    • INTANGIBLE
    • Love
    • Hate
    • Betrayal
    • Jealousy
    • Envy
    • Trust
    • Friendship
    • Commitment
    • Anxiety
    • Confidence
    • TANGIBLE
    • Skateboard
    • CDs
    • Driver’s license
    • Bracelet
    • Pizza
    • Backpack
    • Locker
    • Movies
    • Video games
  • 12. Complete the sentence by selecting one intangible item and one tangible item. Explore the relationship between the two .
    • (Intangible item) is like (tangible item) because ________________________________________________________________________.
  • 13. Now try this:
    • (Intangible item) is like (tangible item) because ____________________________________and ________________________________.
  • 14. Group Activity:
    • Write an extended metaphor for FREEDOM.
    • Use the templates as a guide.
    • Create a sign for your freedom metaphor.
    • Sign must have the following:
      • Metaphor written neatly and creatively
      • Illustration
      • Group member names