What is Human Metapnuemovirus? Identiﬁed in 2001 in the Netherlands It is a recently identiﬁed member of a family of viruses that also includes respiratory Syncytial Virus and Parainﬂuenza Virus. Data suggest this virus could be the cause of respiratory illness for at least 50 years worldwide.
How is hMPV Transmitted? Most likely to occur by direct or close contact with the respiratory area of an infected person. of hMPV
Symptoms of hMPV Mild symptoms: Cough Runny nose Nasal congestion Sore throat Fever
Symptoms of hMPV More severe symptoms: Wheeczing Hoarseness Cough Pneumonia Aggravation of asthma (mostly in adults)
When is hMPV Most Common? It is most common during the winter in the United States
Is There Immunity to hMPV? Limited data reinfection can occur. It is said that children will get it early on in life. Also, that adult infections represent having hMPV a second time.
How is hMPV Diagnosed? hMPV testing is not readily available. At this time, research laboratories and a limited number of commercial laboratories perform hMPV testing.
How is hMPV Treated? Treatment varies based on the severity of the illness. Treatments consist of: Fever reducers Antihistamines Breathing treatments
Can hMPV Be Prevented? hMPV cannot initially be prevented. But once someone has been diagnosed with hMPV, regular cold precautions should be taken. Such as: Covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing Proper washing of hands
Can Other Species Be Infected? Other species can be infected with hMPV. Humans are their likely source of infection.
Lysogenic Cycle hMPV is a lysogenic virus. Meaning, it enters and integrates into the host DNA as a new set of genes called prophage. It merges with the cell but does not destroy it. 13
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