The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane

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  • 1. North American Literature Student: Montoya Ruiz, Julio César Professor: Cardenas Cornelio, Yony 2011
  • 2. Stephen Crane
  • 3. Stephen Crane 1871-1900 The Red Badge of Courage is one of the first modern American novels.
  • 4.  
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  • 7.
    • Originally published serially in the Philadelphia Press in December, 1894, the novel was widely praised both by the general public and by literary critics
    • Crane had long been fascinated by the psychology of war; he had read books, listened to many stories by veterans of the Civil War, and studied closely the war photographs of Matthew Brady
    • Many readers are amazed to learn that Crane did not experience a battle firsthand until four years after the novel was published
    • When he did, he was relieved to discover that his novel was “all right”
    President Lincoln sits for an official photograph by Matthew Brady
  • 8. Crane with his wife, Cora, in 1899, just months before his death
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • The book starts out with a new regiment for the Union army waiting around for some fighting. Jim Conklin, a friend of the main character, Henry Fleming, hears some rumors about their next movements. He tells the other soldiers of the rumors telling them that they’re going to go around the enemy and attack them from behind.
  • 11.
    • Sure enough, a few days later, they start marching and they attack. This is the first battle for the regiment so a few soldiers, including Henry Fleming, desert the regiment. After Henry deserts, he finds Jim and walks with him for a while before Jim dies. Henry wanders about a bit and gets in a fight with another lost soldier of the Union army who hits him across the head with the butt of his rifle causing Henry to bleed.
  • 12.
    • By night, Henry, with the help of another soldier, finds his way back to his own regiment. Luckily, no one suspects Henry of deserting. Henry lies about the head wound being from the battle. During the night, Henry is cared for by a friend named Wilson. By morning, Henry is well rested and fights with his regiment several battles that day. Henry always stayed in the front and encouraged the other soldiers to fight harder showing much courage. He was complimented by the Colonel, but despite his victory, he still feels guilty about deserting his regiment the day before.
    Henry Fleming picks up the American flag before it touches the ground
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  • 15.
    • Themes :
    • Courage:
        • Who Defines It? How is it Measured?
    • Self-Preservation:
        • At what cost?
    • Transformation :
        • Transcending childhood
  • 16.  
  • 17.
    • Quotes
    • Read the following quotes and answer the questions.
    • From his home he had gone to the seminary to bid adieu to many schoolmates. They had thronged about him with wonder and admiration. He had felt the gulf now between them and had swelled with calm pride. He and some of his fellows who had donned blue were quite overwhelmed with privileges for all of one afternoon, and it had been a very delicious thing. They had strutted.
    • What is the idea of a hero for Henry according to this quote?
          • Vocabulary
          • Bid adieu.- to say goodbye
          • Throng.- to be or go somewhere in very large numbers
          • Gulf.- difference
          • Don.- to wear a piece of clothing
          • Overwhelm.- to cause someone to feel sudden strong emotion
          • Strut.-to walk in a proud way in order to look important
  • 18.
    • 2.- He discovered that he had a scorching thirst. His face was so dry and grimy that he thought he could feel his skin crackle . Each bone of his body had an ache in it, and seemingly threatened to break with each movement. His feet were like two sores. Also, his body was calling for food. It was more powerful than a direct hunger. There was a dull, weight-like feeling in his stomach, and, when he tried to walk, his head swayed and he tottered . He could not see with distinctness. Small patches of green mist floated before his vision
    • How does this quote help explain Henry’s personal growth?
    • Vocabulary
    • Scorching.- very hot
    • Grimy.- dirty
    • Crackle.- to make a lot of short, dry, sharp sounds
    • Sway.- to move slowly from side to side
    • Tottter.- to walk in a shaky way that looks as if you are about to fall
  • 19.
    • 3.- He had been a tremendous figure, no doubt. By this struggle he had overcome obstacles which he had admitted to be mountains. They had fallen like paper peaks, and he was now what he called a hero. And he had not been aware of the process. He had slept, and, awakening, found himself a knight
    • According to this quote, has Henry’s character changed yet?
    • Vocabulary
    • Knight.-(in the past) a man of high rank who was trained to fight as a soldier on a horse
    • What is the message behind The Red Badge of Courage?