Guidelines for field_demos

3,872 views
3,696 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,872
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Guidelines for field_demos

  1. 1. 2011 SPICACC 3.1 Enhanced Climate GUIDELINES GUIDELINESChange Adaptation CapacityOf Communities inContiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the CordillerasGUIDELINES FOR FIELD DEMOS(1)This is a compilation of the guidelines for the first cropping season of the project. The first part describesthe overall implementation process. The second part details the different climate change adaptationoptions demonstrated.Prepared by Anthony Bantug, RPCMT Nicasio Baucas, RPCMT Imelda Gemino, RPCMT Lito Mocati, RPCMT Galito Malingta, PMO Brenda Saquing, PMO Randy Soriano, PMO Leonardo Florece, Consultant Felino P. Lansigan, Consultant Florentino Monsalud, Consultant
  2. 2. Guidelines for field demos (1) GUIDELINES FOR FIELD DEMONSTRATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION OPTIONS IN SELECTED PILOT SITESA. General Implementation ProcessAs described and planned in the SPICACC Project document, field tests and pilot demonstrations of theclimate change adaptation (CCA) options in the fragile ecosystems of the Cordillera region asrepresented by the selected sites in Benguet and Ifugao should generate data and information forpotential up-scaling in other regions. Thus, the field demonstrations have the following features: 1. Sound design and layout of field demonstration tests. The design and implementation of pilot demonstration tests in selected sites should allow comparison of climate change adaptation measures in terms of effectiveness, and economic viability. That is, comparison of farms with and without the CCA measure(s), before and after implementation of identified measure for climate risk management, etc. 2. Demonstration tests in strategically selected representative sites. As designed, pilot tests will be conducted in representative sites in Benguet and Ifugao which are selected based on the agreed set of criteria with the local stakeholders. These sites should allow for national up-scaling as well as for replicability in other similar areas in the country. 3. Active participation and involvement of local stakeholders and end-users in the different aspects of field demonstration tests. The pilot exercise to be conducted in the selected demonstration sites is also designed as strategy for developing the scientific capacity of local stakeholders and other end-users to provide an objective evaluation of the soundness, effectiveness, and economic benefits of identified climate change adaptation measures in the area. Exposure and on-the-job training of stakeholders on field testing will enable them to conduct similar case studies to evaluate other adaptation options that may work. 4. Process documentation of processes and results. Process documentation is an integral component of the pilot testing. This will provide the needed support in the analysis of field data generated from the demonstration tests. The procedure will also be useful in generation of guidelines in the consolidation and synthesis of results as well as in developing the knowledge management (KM) system. It will also be helpful in the project benefit monitoring and evaluation of the field tests. 5. Opportunities and potentials for national up-scaling for other areas. The pilot tests are envisioned to generate guidelines in the implementation of other appropriate or similar adaptation measures which may be adopted in other areas or regions of the country. This requires that the pilot exercise should be based on sound research design to provide objective data which will support the scientific evaluation of effectiveness and economic analysis of potential climate risk management strategies for fragile ecosystems. Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 2 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  3. 3. Guidelines for field demos (1)It should also be noted that the pilot demonstrations or field tests of climate change adaptation optionsare also seen as part of the capacity building strategy for local stakeholders through participation in thevarious processes and activities in the field implementation of the CCA measures. These involve thefollowing processes and activities: 1. Identification of climate change adaptation measures. Existing adaptation measures already being practiced in the area, or other potential options may be determined through a survey to inventory current practices, or by means of focused group discussions, and key informant interviews in the areas. 2. Identification and selection of field sites. Representative typical sites for the pilot tests of climate adaptation measures are selected based on the set of criteria developed and agreed upon with the project collaborators and other local stakeholders. 3. Designing of field demonstration tests including assignments of tasks. Conduct of the field demonstration tests should be based on sound design which will enable the testing of appropriate hypotheses on the effectiveness and economic benefits of these measures and options being evaluated. Actual implementation in the different selected sites will involve the local stakeholders who have committed their respective support and participation in the process, and who can claim ownership of the field case studies. 4. Setting up of field demonstration tests in selected sites based on field design. The pilot tests in selected sites will be established in accordance with the research design, and with the active participation of concerned collaborators who will be given their respective tasks and activities. 5. Collection, processing and analysis of field demonstration test data. Cost-effective data acquisition strategy as well as efficient processing and analysis of field data will be implemented based on the research design, and also considering the research hypotheses to be tested using the field results. 6. Monitoring and evaluation of field tests based on identified indicators. An efficient and effective project monitoring and evaluation system will be set up to facilitate the implementation of the pilot tests in selected sites, and to ensure that the field tests are being conducted in accordance with the design in order to assure the integrity of data to be generated. 7. Process documentation of field tests in selected sites. Key processes and results together with important activities in the conduct of the field tests will be properly documented for quality control and reliability of results. 8. Assessment of effectiveness and impacts of climate change adaptation measures. The pilot field demonstration tests are designed to evaluate the effectiveness and soundness of the measures being tested to reduce, if not totally eliminate, the adverse negative impacts of changing climate. These measures will be evaluated in terms of savings in potentially lost resources, conservation of land and water resources, changes in biodiversity, and similar indicators. Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 3 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  4. 4. Guidelines for field demos (1) 9. Valuation and economic analysis of climate change adaptation measures. The economics of climate change adaptation will also be determined by adequate economic valuation and analysis of benefits derived in the implementation of such measures. 10. Generation of guidelines on climate change adaptation measures from field tests. The final output of the pilot tests is the set of guidelines on the effectiveness and economic benefits of climate change adaptation measures tested. These guidelines will be based on the synthesis of field results and data generated from the case studies.B. Selection of Sites for Pilot Demonstration SitesThe selection of sites in Benguet and Ifugao for field testing of potential CCA options in the contiguousfragile ecosystems has been conducted with the following guiding principles: 1. Representativeness of typical component of contiguous fragile (sub-) ecosystem in the Cordillera region. The sites to be selected for the pilot demonstration exercise should represent the typical fragile ecosystems in the Cordilleras. These components may focus on water resources, forests, biodiversity, etc. for different topography of the region. The sites should be able to provide research results which may be generalized for other areas with more or less similar biophysical and also socio-economic conditions. 2. Existence of potential indigenous climate change adaptation (CCA) measure(s) being practised in the area with potential for up-scaling. As much as possible, indigenous climate change adaptation measures already being practised in the area should be tested for scientific soundness, and for cost-effectiveness in addressing the adverse effects and impacts of climate change and variability. These practices may include land and water resources management schemes during wet and dry periods, crop management practices such as changing crops to be grown, crop rotation schemes, adjusting cropping calendar, modifying planting densities, etc. in response to inadequate availability of water for crop production. 3. Availability and commitment of demonstration field test collaborators in the area, e.g. local government units (LGUs); non-governmental organizations (NGOs); field workers from national government agencies (NGAs). Pilot site should provide opportunity for active collaboration of committed stakeholders who will be engaged in the case study. Collaborators should claim ownership of the pilot demonstration site since it is part of the strategy to develop the capacity in the region. 4. Active support and participation of researchers from academic institutions such as the state universities and colleges (SUCs) in the region. The research design and implementation of the pilot exercise should be based on sound scientific basis which can stand the rigor of objective inquiry and analysis. Local experts from the SUCs are therefore expected to provide the needed technical support in the field in terms of setting up the pilot tests, monitoring and evaluation, data acquisition and analysis, and also process documentation. Local researchers will also be capacitated through exposure to such scientific field study. Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 4 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  5. 5. Guidelines for field demos (1) 5. Accessibility and visibility for project demonstration and promotion. Successful pilot demonstration tests should be promoted, and thus, selected sites should be accessible to other stakeholders and end-users who may be interested to copy the technologies or practices being shown.Criteria for site selectionDuring the Focused Group Discussion (FGD) held on September 14, 2009 at ATI-CAR, La Trinidad,Benguet, representatives of the different stakeholders from Benguet and Ifugao have defined a set ofcriteria for selecting the sites. Initially, project pilot demonstration sites selected should be classifiedaccording to different elevation representing the fragile ecosystems of Benguet and Ifugao into High,Medium, and Low elevation areas. Sites (or barangays) within municipalities were identified based onthe following set of criteria: 1. Site has to be within the identified vulnerable areas (in terms of biophysical and socio-economic aspects) – i.e. areas supporting watershed; areas prone to landslides, vulnerable to floods and droughts, and other natural hazards. 2. Availability and commitment of local collaborators in the field test or pilot demonstration areas, i.e. LGUs, NGOs, NGAs, SUCs, farmer groups, etc. 3. Representativeness of typical component of contiguous fragile ecosystem in the Cordilleras (i.e. from high, middle, low elevation within a province); agro-ecological zones and hazard context. 4. Existence of potential indigenous innovative practices that could blend with CCA measures being practiced in the area, with potential for up-scaling and replicability. 5. Accessibility and visibility (for eco-tourism & demonstration). Field demonstration sites should be accessible which can be use to promote the CCA options through cross visits, farmer field days, techno-demonstrations, etc.Selected SitesBased on the aforementioned set of criteria, and after an extensive actual field visit and assessment of amulti-disciplinary team of experts from DA-CAR, DA Central Office, and FAO-Philippines, the followingsites (municipalities and barangays within municipalities) representing different elevations wereselected: Elevation Benguet Province Ifugao Province High Paoay, Atok Viewpoint, Banaue Bato-Alatbang, Mayoyao Medium Loo, Buguias Nagacadan, Kiangan Low Bayabas, Sablan Namnama, Alfonso Lista Taloy Sur, Tuba Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 5 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  6. 6. Guidelines for field demos (1)C. Site-Specific Adaptation Options for Field DemonstrationCriteria for Selecting CCA OptionsThe FGD in September 2009 also generated a set of criteria for selecting climate change adaptation (CCA)options for field testing. The agreed set of criteria are as follows: 1. Potential to increase climate resilience. 2. Socio-economic efficiency (socio-economic costs & benefits, overall socio-economic impacts for the whole community. 3. Potential positive environmental impacts. 4. Sustainability i.e. long-term effectiveness of interventions and capacity to continue after the project. 5. Social and cultural acceptance. 6. Potential for up-scaling (to other areas in the region or in the Philippines). 7. Immediate impact/ response to urgent needs. 8. Promote participation and equal access to opportunities and benefits among men and women.Climate Change Adaptation OptionsAfter a series of participatory evaluation and validation from the field level, to provincial level, and finallyto regional level, a set of climate adaptation options for possible field testing where identified, validatedand prioritized for each of the sites. These site-specific options were further validated by the Teamcomposed of consultants, DA technical experts, project staff, and local stakeholders for effectiveness,technical requirements considering input and resources needed, and impacts for increasing climateresilience. These options are listed below:count number option label Option feature (option details) location season code (basic option (barangay) part 1 description)1 1.3 Planting of resistant Planting KS Kuroda as the variety resistant to Paoay, Atok, wet variety of carrot heavy downpour and associated diseases Benguet2 1.2 Planting of resistant Planting Lucky Ball as the variety resistant to Paoay, Atok, wet variety of cabbage heavy downpour and associated diseases Benguet3 1.1 Crop rotation: Using crop rotation to break the disease cycle Paoay, Atok, dry potato after Benguet cabbage/carrot4 1.4 Potato seed Planting Igorota under protected condition as Loo, Buguias, wet production in an off-season crop Benguet greenhouse5 1.1 Soil fertility Improving soil fertility by using composting Loo, Buguias, wet/dry improvement with trichoderma Benguet through composting using trichoderma6 1.1 Planting of drought Mixed planting of pineapple with ginger, ubi, Bayabas, Sablan, wet/dry resistant/sturdy gabi as crops resistant to heavy downpour and Benguet varieties associated diseases Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 6 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  7. 7. Guidelines for field demos (1)7 1.6 Planting of short Planting of short duration vegetables (like Bayabas, Sablan, wet/dry maturing crops pechay, etc.) for income augmentation (after Benguet losses from main crop)8 1.1 Organic-based Planting of high value crops under protected Bayabas, Sablan, wet vegetable conditions Benguet production in greenhouse9 1.1 Planting of drought Mixed planting of pineapple and banana (wet Taloy Sur, Tuba, wet resistant/sturdy season); ubi and ginger as crops resistant to Benguet varieties heavy downpour and associated diseases10 1.1 Soil management conserving soil and water and improving soil Taloy Sur, Tuba, Wet/dry with minimum fertility Benguet tillage of rootcrops11 1.1 Crop rotation: Using crop rotation to break the disease cycle Taloy Sur, Tuba, dry garlic/onion after Benguet rice12 1.6 Planting of early Planting IPB-13 Namnama, dry maturing corn Alfonso Lista, variety Ifugao13 1.1 Homestead Planting of Pole sitao, Ampalaya, Eggplant, Namnama, wet gardening Squash, Okra, Pechay Alfonso Lista, Ifugao14 2.1 Integrated rice-fish- Planting vegetables together with native rice Nagacadan, Wet/dry vegetable variety to maximize land use Kiangan, Ifugao production15 2.7 Early transplanting Introduction of plastic sheets during sowing as Viewpoint, dry of tinawon rice shield from wind and protection from insects Banaue, Ifugao and pests16 2.7 Early transplanting Early transplanting to increase the tillering Bato-alatbang, dry of tinawon rice capability of the rice plants and shorten their Mayoyao, Ifugao maturity period17 2.7 Integrated fish and Raising Muscovy duck as an alternative source Bato-alatbang, Wet/dry duck before of income Moyoyao, Ifugao tinawon rice production18 3.9 integrating citrus in Diversified source of income at the same time Paoay, Atok, Wet/dry vegetable farms enhancing the protective and productive values Benguet of watershed19 3.8 Coffee for Forest Arabica coffee as a diversified source of Loo, Buguias, Wet/dry enrichment income, at the same time enhancing the Benguet protective and productive values of watershed20 3.1 Integrating lemon Integration scheme to increase soil stabilization Loo, Buguias, Wet/dry with vegetable Benguet garden21 3.1 Orchard Planting rambutan, lanzones, mangosteen, Bayabas, Sablan, Wet/dry establishment durian as protection from typhoon, erosion and Benguet improved environmental services22 3.1 Community Fruit *nursery for the community to provide local Bayabas, Sablan, Wet/dry tree nursery sources of rambutan, lanzones, mangosteen, Benguet durian Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 7 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  8. 8. Guidelines for field demos (1)23 3.1 Agroforestry Planting rambutan, lanzones, citrus, guapple Taloy Sur, Tuba, Wet/dry establishment using with mahogany and narra Benguet fruit and timber trees24 3.1 Agroforestry Planting coconut, banana, mango, calamansi Namnama, Wet/dry establishment using Alfonso Lista, fruit trees Ifugao25 3.10 Riverbank Using Lanao bamboo to minimize river bank Namnama, Wet/dry rehabilitation collapse, reducing sedimentation of river Alfonso Lista, Ifugao26 3.1 Forest enrichment Introduction of the Davao Pomelo as a Nagacadan, Wet/dry using horticultural diversified source of income at the same time Kiangan, Ifugao crops enhancing the protective and productive values of a watershed27 3.8 Coffee for Forest Arabica coffee as a diversified source of Nagacadan, Wet/dry enrichment income, at the same time enhancing the Kiangan, Ifugao production and protective functions of the natural ecosystem28 3.8 Coffee for Forest Arabica coffee as a diversified source of Viewpoint, Wet/dry enrichment income, at the same time enhancing the Banaue, Ifugao production and protective functions of the natural ecosystem29 3.11 Calamansi for forest Diversified source of income at the same time Viewpoint, Wet/dry enrichment enhancing the protective and productive values Banaue, Ifugao of watershed30 3.9 Lemon for Forest Diversified source of income at the same time Viewpoint, Wet/dry enrichment enhancing the protective and productive values Banaue, Ifugao of watershed31 3.12 Mahogany for Diversified source of income at the same time Viewpoint, Wet/dry forest enrichment enhancing the protective and productive values Banaue, Ifugao of watershed32 3.1 Community Fruit nursery for the community to provide local Viewpoint, Wet/dry tree nursery sources of indigenous trees and fruit trees Banaue, Ifugao32 3.1 Community Fruit nursery for the community to provide local Bato-alatbang, Wet/dry tree nursery sources of indigenous trees and fruit trees Moyoyao, Ifugao34 4.13 Raising of upgraded Cattle raising as an alternative source of Bayabas, Sablan, Wet/dry cattle income Benguet35 4.13 Raising of upgraded Cattle raising as an alternative source of Taloy Sur, Tuba, Wet/dry cattle income Benguet36 4.14 Raising of upgraded Goat raising as an alternative source of income Namnama, Wet/dray goat Alfonso Lista, Ifugao37 4.15 Raising of upgraded Raising Duroc with no commercial feed, as an Nagacadan, Wet/dry swine alternative source of income Kiangan, Ifugao38 4.16 Raising of upgraded Raising Sasso chicken with no commercial feed, Nagacadan, Wet/dry chicken as an alternative source of income Kiangan, Ifugao39 4.15 Raising of upgraded Raising Duroc with no commercial feed, as an Viewpoint, Wet/dray swine alternative source of income Banaue, Ifugao40 4.18 Raising of upgraded Raising Large White using commercial feeds, as Bato-alatbang, Wet/dray swine an alternative source of income Mayoyao, Ifugao Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 8 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  9. 9. Guidelines for field demos (1)41 4.16 Raising of upgraded Raising Sasso chicken with no commercial feed, Viewpoint, Wet/dray chicken as an alternative source of income Banaue, Ifugao42 4.16 Raising of upgraded Raising Sasso a nd Kabir chicken with no Bato-alatbang, Wet/dray chicken commercial feed, as an alternative source of Mayoyao, Ifugao income43 5.1 Water storage for Plastic water tank as a readily available source Paoay, Atok, dry vegetable of irrigation in times of drought Benguet production44 5.1 Small water Communal mini-dam as a readily available Loo, Buguias, dry impoundment for source of irrigation in times of draught Benguet irrigation augmentation45 5.1 Water storage for Concrete water tank as a readily available Loo, Buguias, dry vegetable source of irrigation for vegetable production in Benguet production times of draught46 5 Rehabilitation of Viewpoint, dry irrigation canal Banaue, IfugaoCoding legend = A.B.C.D.EA = option count C = province 1 = benguetB = general option 2 = ifugao 1 = vegetable 2 = rice D = municipalities 3 = agroforestry 1 = tuba 4 = livestock 2 = sablan 5 = water management 3 = buguias 4 = atokB = details of A 5 = alfonso lista 1 = mixed 6 = kiangan 2 = cabbage 7 = mayoyao 3 = carrot 8 = banaue 4 = potato 5 = pechay E = season 6 = corn 1 = wet 7 = tinawon 2 = dry 8 = arabica 3 = wet/dry 9 = lemon 10 = lanao 11 = calamansi 12 = mahogany 13 = cattle 14 = goat 15 = duroc 16 = sasso 17 = kabir 18 = large white thfor example, @ the demo site: It’s full ID number, 27.3.8.2.8.3 = 27 option identified; agroforestry with coffeeID 27.3.8 = 27th option identified; agroforestry with coffee Arabica in ifugao, banaue town for wet/dry seasonarabica Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 9 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  10. 10. Guidelines for field demos (1)D. Evaluation of Technical Requirements and Inputs for Site-specific Adaptation OptionsTechnical guidelines for the different CCA options are described in another section of this document.Location-specific CCA options to be implemented are classified according to Wet Season (WS) croppingand Dry Season (DS) cropping following the schedule being practiced in the area. In addition, there are anumber of CCA options which are established during the wet season but are considered long-term sincethese may take a number of years before reaching maturity, an example of which is agro-forestry. Thisalso facilitates the provision of required inputs which are required for that season. Inputs for each CCAoption will be provided by the DA-FAO project in accordance with the terms of agreement as well as thetechnical guidelines for field implementation. Generally, it is expected that farmer cooperators willshoulder the labor counterpart and other materials which the project cannot provide, such as pesticides.Specifically, 1. Farm inputs such as seeds of vegetables, rice and corn, fruit tree and coffee seedlings shall be given without cost to the farmer cooperators, including organic fertilizers; 2. Livestock shall be provided without cost to the farmer cooperators and will follow the roll- over scheme being implemented by MLGUs. Also, the required housing and feeding for these livestock will be provided as counterpart by the recipient farmers; 3. For equipment such as the micro-tiller, this will be donated to the farmer cooperators’ group, unless the group prefers to have the unit donated to the barangay council. 4. For impounding dams and irrigation canals, the project will provide construction materials while labor will be provided by the farmer cooperators. The MLGU may be requested by the farmers to shoulder part of the labor costs. 5. For facilities such as greenhouses and nurseries, the project will provide the construction materials while the labor will be provided by the farmer cooperators as their counterpart.Replacement of inputs will be considered for as long as the reasons presented are valid. These will beverified and assessed by the project team (RPCMT and field coordinators). If found reasonable, theproject team will recommend for replacement of the inputs at no cost to the farmer cooperators.E. Organization and mobilization of Local Working GroupLocal Working Groups (LWGs)To facilitate implementation of the CCA options in each of the pilot demonstration sites, the mayor ofeach DA-SPICACC selected municipality has established a local working group (LWG). The local workinggroup consists of the following members, with the certain degree of flexibility.  Municipal Mayor as LWG Chairperson  Project Manager as Vice-Chairperson  SB Chairperson , Committee on Agriculture  SB Chairperson, Committee on Environment  Municipal Agricultural Officer (MAO)  Agricultural Technicians (ATs) Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 10 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  11. 11. Guidelines for field demos (1)  Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Officer (MENRO)  Community Environment and Natural Resources Officer (CENRO)  Chairperson, MAFC  Barangay Captain  Barangay Council Member, Committee Chairperson on Agriculture  Farmer Representatives o Farmer Group Representatives (e.g. BAFC) o Non Government Organization/Civil Society Organization representing women or gender concerns o Indigenous People (IP) representative  SPICACC Project Field Coordinators  SUC representative, if applicableFunctions of the Local Working GroupAs agreed upon during the validation workshops, the LWG has the following tasks and responsibilities: 1. Coordinate all activities relating to programming including implementation for project activities at municipality level, review and endorsement of seasonal work plans elaborated by field coordinators jointly with ATs and barangay representatives; 2. Guide, advise and assist ATs and field coordinators in their daily work with local communities related to social mobilisation, orientation meetings, community level training, demonstration, monitoring, reporting, extension materials and organising municipality and barangay level workshops. Review seasonal work plans of the project team at the municipality level and assist in coordinating the activities 3. Ensure and enlist participation of all local stakeholders, including farmers’ groups, community representatives and women’s involvement 4. Guide and advise on actions related to the transformation of climate change impacts and adaptation options into locally usable and farmer-friendly information 5. Clearing house, coordination and endorsement of funding requests (at municipality level) for the implementation and replication of identified and successfully introduced adaptation options in broader agricultural sectors to the project 6. Guide and assist in the implementation of decisions of the regional working group related to project implementation and provide feedback on the field activities to the regional working groupRegional Working GroupA regional working group will be established to support the technical implementation of the DA-SPICACCproject. The regional working group consists of the following members, but composition may beadjusted according to needs.  Municipal Agricultural Officer (MAO) – 8  Provincial Agriculturist/Provincial Agricultural Officer– 2  DA-FOS & DA-BSWM – 3-5 Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 11 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  12. 12. Guidelines for field demos (1)  DA-CAR – 3-5  DENR-CAR - 2  IFSU/BSU – 2-4  UPLB – 1  FAO consultants – 1-4  SPICACC Project Office (Baguio) – 4  BFAR – 1  BAI -1  NCIP – 1  PAGASA – 1Functions of the Regional Working Group (RWG)As agreed upon during the regional validation workshop in Baguio City, the RWG will have the followingfunctions: 1. Catalyze institutional arrangements with other national agencies and other SPICACC components to obtain technical support needed for project implementation, including bridging the gap between modelling/impact analysis and livelihood adaptation. 2. Review, improve and validate the seasonal livelihood and agricultural adaptation options identified at the field level or by research institutes and/or proposed by the local working groups 3. Provide technical support to local working groups in all project implementation activities 4. Guide the EVALUATION PROCESS , based on field monitoring reports, of the results of pilot demonstration/ FFS trails and advise the local working groups regarding further replication of successfully (or not) field tested adaptation options; 5. Receive feedback from local working groups on the experience of pilot testing livelihood adaptations in the agriculture sector 6. Develop strategy for feeding back lessons learned to provincial and national level decision makers 7. Provide periodic reports to DA management regarding project assessment, recommendations regarding project implementation, etc.F. Selection of farmer-cooperatorsThe LWG is tasked to identify and select the farmer-cooperator(s) who will participate in implementingone or more CCA options in his/her farm. Each farmer-cooperator should agree to the terms ofagreement in the implementation of field tests involving the CCA options, including appropriate culturalmanagement practices, and other related measures to ensure the success of the field tests. In particular,the farmer-cooperator agrees on the following: 1. Farmer–cooperator is willing to share a certain portion of or the whole farm for the pilot demonstration of one or more adaptation options suitable for the area. Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 12 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  13. 13. Guidelines for field demos (1) 2. Farmer-cooperator is willing his plot and his/her labor as counterparts for the pilot demonstration. 3. Farmer-cooperator is receptive and cooperative to explore the effectiveness and cost efficiency of adaptation options to be pilot-tested in his/her farm. 4. Farmer-cooperator must have the input requirements available in his/her farm for a particular option to be pilot-tested in the farm. For example, for livestock raising (e.g. goat), he/she must have a shed and must have source of forage within or near the farm. 5. Cooperator must have the necessary or relevant experience to implement the adaptation option in the farm, e.g. experience in raising ruminants. 6. As much as possible, he/she must not a beneficiary of previous projects in the area. 7. Farm to be used is accessible for monitoring and evaluation, and since this will be promoted for cross visits as well as for eco-tourism. 8. Farmer-cooperator must be willing to engage with the project including his/ her participation to share experiences with other farmers. It is to be noted that the project also envisions participating farmers to produce their own seeds in the long term and to share seeds to others.G. Field Plan for Pilot Demonstration of CCA OptionsEach CCA option will be implemented following the guidelines specified for the adaptation measure inorder to ensure successful demonstration. Guidelines for each CCA option are described in the technicalguidelines section. Best efforts should be exerted by farmer-cooperators regarding the field tests toachieve the objectives of the field tests/ pilot demonstrations.A site-specific field layout of the CCA option should be prepared for each option including the schematiclocation of pilot demonstration plots in each identified farms in the selected site. LWG representativesassisted by the Project Field Coordinators are expected to prepare the field/ farm layout. It isrecommended that the Field Coordinators and LWG take photos of the farm, and CCA options set-up ineach farm.H. Field Training- Orientation on Implementation of CCA OptionsOrientation trainings on the field implementation of CCA options will be conducted for the differentsites. These orientation-workshops will be participated in by LWG members, and selected farmer-cooperators. Project staff and DA-CAR technical personnel will be the main resource persons. They maybe assisted by experts from the DA Central Office or agencies, and FAO-DA technical consultants.The following topics will be discussed during the field training orientation- workshop:  Objectives/ Purposes of Pilot Field Demonstration of CCA  Set of CCA options to be implemented in each site (including scheduling and specific locations)  Inputs and resource requirements  Layout and setting-up (field layout in the site; schematic location of pilot demonstration plots in each site) Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 13 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  14. 14. Guidelines for field demos (1)  Review of associated good cultural management practices  Field and farm data collection  Monitoring and evaluationI. Monitoring and Data CollectionThe Local Working Group, together with the Field Coordinators and the RPCMT are expected to doregular visits to the demo sites. These routine visits, aside from coaching the farmer cooperators on thetechnology, will monitor progress and status of the options being implemented.At the level of the farmer cooperators, they will keep be recording their activities, the number of hoursworked (distinguished between men and women), inputs used, observation of pests and diseases,climate conditions and problems encountered. Record-keeping will vary, depending on the CCA option.Crops and livestock will require daily record-keeping while agro-forestry and other similar options will berequired record-keeping on a monthly basis. The Project Office will provide record-keeping forms to thefarmer cooperators. The Office of the Municipal Agriculturist is expected to assist these cooperators intheir record-keeping tasks.Control plot monitoring will also be made part of the project’s monitoring system, i.e., to monitor thecontrol plots as a way of determining the differences, the variances, the advantages/disadvantagesbrought about by the CCA option.J. Conduct of Project Review Meeting and Farmers Field DaysAt the completion of each CCA option, a project review meeting shall be held to assess theimplementation process, what went well and what needs improvement, lessons learned andrecommendations for future actions. Proceeds of the meeting have to be documented.Likewise, farmer filed days will be conducted for selected options. This will be an opportunity forfarmer-cooperators to share their experiences with other farmers in the locality. In the case of short-term options, e.g. crops, the farmers field day will be scheduled before harvesting. In the case of long-term options, e.g. agro-forestry, the farmers’ field day will be scheduled when the seedlings are firmlyestablished and survival rate is already established. The farmers’ field day starts with a visit to thefarmer cooperators’ farms for a first-hand appreciation of the technology applied. After the farm visit/s,a meeting will be held with the proposed agenda as follows: 1. Overview of the topics to be discussed and expected output of the event 2. Introduction of the CCA option and its relevance to farmers in the barangay 3. Review of the CCA option as applied in the demonstration plot and presentation of results by the farmer cooperator 4. Review of activities undertaken during project implementation, observations and initial assessment, using as reference the farmer cooperators’ recording 5. Farmer cooperators’ impressions of how relevant is the CCA option to other farmers Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 14 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras
  15. 15. Guidelines for field demos (1) 6. Farmers’ impressions on the CCA option – are they convinced to adapt said option in their own farms. 7. Simple computation of ROI (Return on Investment) to show whether income was generated from that cropping, if applicable.K. Project CompletionThe project team will now prepare the Project Completion Report to cover the following: 1. Background of the CCA option, description and objectives 2. Profile of the farmer cooperator/s 3. Activities undertaken, emphasizing observations made during the monitoring visits, problems encountered, issues and concerns 4. Recommendations as a CCA option 5. Cost and return analysisL. Operation and Maintenance of Facilities and EquipmentWhile the CCA option may be completed, it will still be necessary to ensure that the facilities andequipment provided by the project continue to be well maintained and properly operated: 1. For the micro-tiller, the unit will be maintained and operated by the farmers’ group. Or the group may opt to turn it over to the barangay council who will take control of the equipment. Either option, operating guidelines are essential. 2. For impounding dams, irrigation canals, concrete tanks for water storage and water pumps, the traditional system or bayanihan of maintenance, if still being practiced, will be followed. If not, then the farmers will form an irrigators group. 3. Greenhouses and nurseries must be covered by policies and guidelines to be formulated by the MLGU, preferably incorporated in an ordinance passed by the Sangguniang Bayan. Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities .: 15 in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras

×