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On liberal values and liberal education some reflections on halstead
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On liberal values and liberal education some reflections on halstead

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core liberal values of education.

core liberal values of education.

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On liberal values and liberal education some reflections on halstead On liberal values and liberal education some reflections on halstead Presentation Transcript

  • ON LIBERALVALUES ANDLIBERALEDUCATIONJoseph Jinja DivalaRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala1
  • LOCATING THE BIRTH OF LIBERALISM• Traditional State /kingdom dominationin ancient thought• Medieval thoughto Church + society + state• The Renaissance resurgenceRene DescartesKant, Rawls, Peters etcRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 2
  • • In principle, liberal values can be seen as areaction to Utilitarian valuesRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 3
  • THE RELATIONSHIP WITH TRADITIONALCONCEPTIONS OF EDUCATIONEducationGeneralEnlightenmentSociologicalInstitutionalRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 4
  • THE MEANING & PLACE OFLIBERAL THINKING• Platonic thinking:o The state re-imagines society andconsequently tells us what is rightand how to organize ourselves• Locke and the empiricistso Humans are born empty slates and it is theduty of parents to inform this empty slate• Mill and the priority on the individualRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 5
  • OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND LIBERALEDUCATION (MILL)• Liberal values are premised on the idea thatindividual human beings have the power toreason.• Because of this power to reason, they cansee choices/options in life.• And because reason enables them to seeoptions, the same reason enables them to acton their freedom.• Similarly, this position holds that individualscan determine the form of education theydesire and this is how education should beconstructed and controlled.Rethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 6
  • PRINCIPLES ANCHORING MILL’SPROPOSAL FOR LIBERAL VALUES• The principle of liberty:o A person should have the right to act asthey wish as long as the negativeconsequences of such actions are only feltby that person• The harm principle:o If a persons act is not self-regarding andadversely affects others, society shouldhold the agent responsible for his/heractions and take the necessary step topunish them, be it in a courtroom or asocial setting – legal or social circlesRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 7
  • THE “IF and ONLY IF”• If we are rational• Then we are responsible for our choices andactions• Reasoning enables us to act on our freedom• Then, as individuals we can choose the typeof education we wanto No state, nor church , nor parents candetermine how we should be educated.Rethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 8
  • FUNDAMENTAL VALUES OFLIBERAL EDUCATION (HALSTEAD)1. Individual freedom/liberty(to pursue your own needs and interests)2. Equality(non-discrimination in society)3. Rationality(basing decisions on justifications)Rethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 9
  • CONFLICT BETWEEN VALUES• Much conflict in literature between value 1and 2 – which is more fundamental?• Tensions between 1 and 2 gave rise to value 3• Principles of impartiality and tolerance –linked to value 2 and 3• Principles of personal autonomy –linked to value 1 and 3Fundamentally, Halstead introduces aCONVERSE PUZZLERethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 10
  • 1. INDIVIDUALFREEDOM/LIBERTY• Freedom to satisfy needs• Realize interests• Being free from constraint• May include an individual life-planRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 11
  • 2. EQUALITY• Focuses on dealings with others• Equality of opportunity• Attempts to equalize life/distribute wealthand powerRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 12
  • 3. RATIONALITY• What will produce or reduce happiness• Basis for resolution of conflict• Kantian view = ‘search for the truth’Rethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 13
  • AN ALTERNATIVE VIEW OF THECENTRAL LIBERAL VALUESReason/RationalityLibertyEqualityRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 14
  • RATIONALITY ANDREASONABLENESS• Kant’s take• Onora O’Neill’s Kantian understanding ofliberal reasonableness• Rawls’ ReasonablenessRethinking "Liberal values and Liberal Education" of Halstead - Joseph Divala 15