6 1 the renaissance and reformation


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6 1 the renaissance and reformation

  1. 1. Chapter 6 : A New Age in Europe Section 1 : The Renaissance and Reformation
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Humanism : A system of thought that focuses on the nature, ideals, and achievements of human beings, rather than on the divine </li></ul><ul><li>Indulgences : The selling of pardons for sins </li></ul><ul><li>Heresy : Beliefs that did not conform to Church teachings </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was the Renaissance? <ul><li>The Renaissance ended the Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>1300 – 1600 – Europe leaves the Dark Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance = French for “rebirth” </li></ul>
  4. 4. What was the Renaissance? <ul><li>Period of reawaking of interest in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul>Continued
  5. 5. What was the Renaissance? Continued <ul><li>This interest was sparked by a rediscovery of the achievements of Greece and Rome </li></ul><ul><li>The Renaissance was a period of learning through the study of these older civilizations </li></ul>
  6. 6. How did the Renaissance Start? <ul><li>Renaissance started in the Italian city-states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Venice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These city-states were not run by kings or through feudalism </li></ul>
  7. 7. How did the Renaissance Start? Continued <ul><li>They were run by rich merchant families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most famous of these families was the Medici from Florence </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>These families made their fortunes through trade with Asia </li></ul><ul><li>They then became patrons of scholarship and the arts </li></ul>How did the Renaissance Start? Continued
  9. 9. The Renaissance Man <ul><li>These wealthy families would pay for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beautiful paintings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superb sculptures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fancy buildings </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Renaissance Man Continued <ul><li>A man who could produce these objects became known as a “Renaissance Man” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Renaissance Art <ul><li>Their art was based on Humanism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Renaissance Art Continued <ul><li>The artists studied the human body </li></ul>
  13. 13. Renaissance Art <ul><li>They wanted to be more realistic than medieval artists </li></ul><ul><li>Their art included perspective and a vanishing point </li></ul>Continued
  14. 14. Leonardo da Vinci
  15. 15. Michelangelo
  16. 16. The Spread of the Renaissance
  17. 17. Martin Luther <ul><li>Martin Luther was a monk from Wittenberg , Germany </li></ul><ul><li>He became upset with the Church </li></ul><ul><li>He argued that the Church had become corrupt and needed to be changed </li></ul>
  18. 18. Martin Luther Continued <ul><ul><li>No more selling of indulgences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People did not need the pope or clergy to tell them God’s word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone could find the word of God in the Bible for themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fancy and expensive churches were not necessary </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Martin Luther Continued <ul><li>Martin Luther made a list of his complaints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were called The 95 Theses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1517, he nailed the list to the door of his local church </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Luther’s Teachings Spread <ul><li>Luther’s ideas became very popular </li></ul><ul><li>Luther translated the Bible from Latin to German </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This allowed common people to be able to read it </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Luther’s Teachings Spread Continued <ul><li>The invention of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg made it easier to make more copies of Luther’s Bible </li></ul>
  22. 22. Luther’s Teachings Spread Continued <ul><li>Martin Luther had started the Protestant Reformation </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Protestant = Protest </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation = Reform </li></ul><ul><li>At first, the followers of Martin Luther only wanted to reform the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Then, they decided to make their own churches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These churches would be free of Roman Catholic control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were called Protestant churches </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Protestant Regions of Europe After Luther Red = Roman Catholic Green = Protestant
  25. 25. The Catholic Reformation <ul><li>Many people were leaving the Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>In 1545, the Church held a meeting called The Council of Trent </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Catholic Reformation <ul><li>They agreed to stop granting indulgences </li></ul><ul><li>But, they would not stand for the heresy of Protestants like Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>To stop further heresy, the Inquisition was established </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Inquisition was a system of church courts </li></ul></ul>Continued
  27. 27. The Catholic Reformation Continued <ul><ul><li>They could use secret testimony and torture to get people to confess to heresy </li></ul></ul>