5 4 the power of kings

  • 390 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
390
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 5: Europe in the Middle Ages Section 4: The Power of Kings
  • 2. Vocabulary
    • Nation : A community of people that shares territory and a government
    • Martyr : A person who sacrifices something of great value and especially life itself for the sake of a principle
  • 3. The Power of Nobles
    • Under Feudalism, the nobles held much power
      • It was not uncommon for a noble to have more land, vassals, and knights than his king
  • 4. European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
  • 5. The Division of Land
  • 6. The Decline of Feudalism
    • The growth of towns and the middle class helped lead to the decline of feudalism
  • 7.
      • Kings supported and defended towns in exchange for money
    The Decline of Feudalism Continued
  • 8. The Decline of Feudalism Continued
      • Kings used this money to attack troublesome nobles
    • The Crusades weakened the power of the nobles as well
  • 9. The Birth of Nations
    • With the decline of feudalism and the nobles, kings became more powerful
      • Kings controlled more land
    • These kingdoms slowly became nations
  • 10. Early Nations of Europe Map Page 117
  • 11. Changes in England
    • In 1066, a noble from Normandy , France invaded England
      • His name was William the Conqueror
      • William defeated the British at The Battle of Hastings and conquered England
  • 12. The Battle of Hastings
  • 13. Changes in England Continued
    • William became a very strong King of England
      • His successors were strong as well
    • One of his successors, King John , tried to take too much power
  • 14. Changes in England Continued
      • He taxed people too heavily
      • He jailed his enemies unjustly
      • He argued with the pope over the appointment of bishops
  • 15.
    • The pope excommunicated King John
    • In 1215 the nobles demanded a meeting with King John at Runnymede , England
    • They forced him to sign the Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta
  • 16. The Magna Carta Continued
    • Magna Carta = “Great Charter”
    • It limited the kings power
      • King could no longer tax without permission from the Parliament
      • King could no longer jail any free man without just cause
  • 17. The Hundred Years War
    • Was a war between the two new nations of England and France
    • This war lasted from 1337-1453
    • Both countries wanted control of:
      • Land
      • English Channel
      • Trade
  • 18. The Hundred Years War
  • 19. The Hundred Years War
    • England won most of the battles
    Continued
  • 20. The Hundred Years War Continued
    • But France would not give in
  • 21. Joan of Arc
    • A young peasant girl named Joan of Arc was put in charge of French forces
      • She won The Battle of Orleans
  • 22. Joan of Arc Continued
      • Joan also won many other battles
    • She was taken captive by English forces
      • The English put her on trial as a witch
      • They burned her at the stake
  • 23. Joan of Arc Continued
    • Joan continued to inspire the French forces as a martyr
    • In the end, the French chased the English out and won the 100 Years War
  • 24. Results of the War
    • New weapons such as the longbow and the cannon, made knights less important
  • 25. The English Longbow
  • 26. Cannon make Castles Obsolete
  • 27. Results of the War Continued
    • People on both sides begin to think of themselves as citizens of their nation
      • Kings gained power in this way
    • The war set the modern boundaries of England and France
  • 28.