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5 3 the crusades

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  • 1. Chapter 5: Europe in the Middle Ages Section 3: The Crusades
  • 2. Vocabulary
    • Pilgrim : A person who journeys to a sacred place
    • Barter : To trade
  • 3. What Were the Crusades?
    • Military expeditions
    • Launched by European Christians
    • The goal was to win back the Holy Land from Muslim control
  • 4. What Were the Crusades?
      • The Holy Land = Jerusalem and the surrounding areas
      • This is where Jesus lived – Sacred land to Christians
    Continued
  • 5. The Holy Land
  • 6. What Started the Crusades?
    • Muslims had conquered the holy land many years before
    • The Byzantine emperor asked the pope for help – The Seljuk Turks were attacking him
    • Turks would not allow Christian pilgrims to visit the Holy Land
  • 7. Islamic Territory
  • 8. What Started the Crusades?
    • 1095 – Pope Urban II gives a speech at Clermont , France
      • He calls for European knights to go and free the Holy Land from the Muslims
    Continued
  • 9.
      • He wants the knights to stop fighting each other
      • He promises anyone who goes on the Crusade that all their sins will be forgiven and their entrance into heaven is guaranteed
    What Started the Crusades? Continued
  • 10. A Crusader Knight
  • 11. The People’s Crusade
    • The knights take time to organize their crusade
    • In the meantime, a preacher by the name of Peter the Hermit calls for a “ People’s Crusade ”
  • 12. The People’s Crusade
    • Peter leads the unorganized mob of peasants and serfs towards the Holy Land
    • They loot towns and kill Jews along their journey
    Continued
  • 13. The People’s Crusade
  • 14. The People’s Crusade
    • The People’s Crusade is ambushed by the Muslim Turks and defeated easily
    • 20,000 Crusaders are executed or sold into slavery
    Continued
  • 15. The First Crusade
    • Finally the knights get organized and begin their march towards The Holy Land
    • Their journey will last 3 long years
  • 16. The First Crusade
  • 17. Nicaea But the Byzantines make a deal with the Muslims and take control of the city The Crusaders attack and surround the city of Nicaea
  • 18. The First Crusade
  • 19. Edessa Baldwin Baldwin enters the city victorious Crusaders attack and surround the city
  • 20. The First Crusade
  • 21. Antioch The two sieges of Antioch The Holy Lance and Battle outside the city
  • 22. The First Crusade
  • 23. The First Crusade
    • Many battles are fought along the way
    • Finally they surround the walls of Jerusalem
    Continued
  • 24. The First Crusade Continued
    • 1099 – Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders
    • The Crusaders show no mercy
  • 25. The First Crusade Continued
      • 10,000 inhabitants of Jerusalem are slaughtered
  • 26. The First Crusade Continued
    • Four Crusader Kingdoms are established in the Holy Land
  • 27. The Second Crusade
    • The Muslims counterattack and regain land from the Crusaders
    • King Louis VII of France leads the Second Crusade
    • Second Crusade attacks Damascus and is defeated by the Muslims
  • 28. The Second Crusade
  • 29. The Muslims go on the Offensive
    • The Muslim armies are united under a great new leader named Saladin
    • He calls for a Jihad , or Muslim holy war
  • 30. The Battle of Hattin
  • 31. The Battle of Hattin
  • 32. The Muslims go on the Offensive
    • Saladin defeats the Crusaders at the battle of The Horns of Hattin
    Continued
  • 33. The Muslims go on the Offensive Continued
    • Then, in 1187, Saladin recaptures Jerusalem for the Muslims
    • He spares the lives of the Crusaders inside the city
  • 34. The ThirdCrusade
    • This time the Crusaders are led by King Richard “The Lion Heart” of England
  • 35. The Third Crusade
  • 36. The ThirdCrusade Continued
    • Richard and Saladin fight to a draw
    • A deal is made:
      • Jerusalem will remain under Muslim control
      • Unarmed Christian pilgrims will be allowed in Jerusalem
  • 37. Other Crusades
  • 38. The Results of the Crusades
    • Increased trade with the East
    • The use of money instead of bartering
    • New ideas and technology from the Muslims brought back to Europe
  • 39.  

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