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5 1 feudalism and the manor system

5 1 feudalism and the manor system






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    5 1 feudalism and the manor system 5 1 feudalism and the manor system Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 5 : Europe in the Middle Ages Section 1 : Feudalism and the Manor System
    • Vocabulary
      • Middle Ages : The years between ancient and modern times
      • Medieval : Referring to the Middle Ages
      • Feudalism : A system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty
      • Knight : A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier
      • Peasant : A poor person who made their living as a farmer or laborer
    • Vocabulary Continued
      • Fief : A share of land
      • Manor : A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord
      • Serf : A farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked
    • The Middle Ages
      • Lasted from about 500 AD to 1500 AD
      • Middle Ages start with the fall of Rome (Map Page 119)
      • Middle Ages = Medieval Times
    • The Middle Ages
      • In western Europe, Rome is replaced with a patchwork of small “barbarian” kingdoms
      • This time is also called the Dark Ages
        • Most barbarians cannot read or write
        • They do not have the technology or education of the Romans
    • The Barbarian Kingdoms
    • Charlemagne
      • After several years, one barbarian kingdom becomes stronger than the rest
      • They are from Gaul and they are called the Franks – From modern day France
      • Their leader is Charlemagne
    • Charlemagne’s Empire
    • Charlemagne Continued
      • Charlemagne ruled for 50 years
        • Started schools for education and culture
        • Spread Christianity
      • In return for his support of the church, the Pope crowns him the “ Holy Roman Emperor ”
    • Charlemagne Continued
      • When Charlemagne dies, his empire is divided between his three grandsons
      • They weaken the empire by fighting each other for power
      • Outside invasions finally end Charlemagne’s empire
    • Charlemagne’s Empire
    • The Vikings
      • The Vikings were a barbarian group from Scandinavia – Present day Denmark, Sweden, and Norway
      • Vikings were skilled sailors and tough warriors
    • The Vikings Continued
      • They used their longships to raid the coasts of other kingdoms in Europe
    • Viking Raids
    • The Vikings
      • The Viking attacks started around 800 AD and continued for about 300 years
      • They burned towns and looted villages
      • This helped keep Europe in the “Dark Ages”
    • European Feudalism
      • Feudalism was a kind of government
      • Land was the key to this system
      • The order of society as ranked from top to bottom:
        • King
        • Nobles
        • Knights
        • Peasants
    • European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
    • European Feudalism Continued
      • Anyone above you in the system was your lord
      • Anyone below you in the system was your vassal
    • European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
    • European Feudalism
      • Lords gave their vassals a fief and/or protection
      • In return, vassals gave their lords some sort of service
    • European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
    • The Division of Land King King King Noble Noble Noble Noble Noble Knight Knight Knight Knight Knight
    • The Manor System
      • The manor system was the basis of the medieval economy
      • Manors were self sufficient – They supplied their own food, clothing, tools, etc.
    • The Manor System
      • The lord owned the manor and lived in a fancy manor house
      • The lord made all the rules and acted as judge for anyone living on the manor
    • The Manor System
      • The peasants living on the manor were called serfs
      • Serfs could not leave the manor – They were part of the manor and were considered the lord’s property
    • A Peasant’s or Serf’s Life
      • Men, women, and children were all required to work very hard
      • Houses were one room huts
      • Ate simple foods like bread, cabbage, turnips
      • Mattresses were cloth sacks stuffed with straw