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4 3 the great mughal empire in india

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4 : Civilizations of Asia SECTION 3 : The Great Mughal Empire in India
  • 2. VOCABULARY
    • Sultan : Muslim ruler
  • 3. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
    • India is a subcontinent
    • Himalaya Mts.
    • stretch across the north of India
  • 4. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA Continued
    • Melting mountain snows create two major rivers (Map page 111)
      • Indus River
      • Ganges River
    • This is where the majority of the people live in India
  • 5.  
  • 6. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA Continued
    • The Himalayas have protected India from invaders
    • However, there are several mountain passes in which an enemy army can travel through
  • 7. THE DELHI SULTANATE
    • Muslims from Asia were the first to raid into India
    • Conquered much of India (Map page 111)
    • Their leaders were called sultans
  • 8. THE DELHI SULTANATE Continued
    • Their capital city was called Delhi
  • 9. The Sultan Uses War Elephants to Conquer India
  • 10. TIMUR AND THE MONGOLS
    • 1398 – Mongols invade India through the mountain passes
    • Their leader was called Timur (Tamerlane)
  • 11. Timur Attacks the Sultan
  • 12. TIMUR AND THE MONGOLS Continued
    • Timur destroys the sultan’s army
      • Ruins the crops in the fields
      • Captures Delhi
      • Kills thousands
      • Took many slaves
  • 13. Map of Timur’s Empire (Map Page 111)
  • 14. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
    • Timur conquered and destroyed Delhi, then he left
    • Another Mongol leader named Babur returns with his own army
    • He also defeats the sultan
  • 15. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued
    • Babur creates the Mughal Empire in India (Map page 111)
    • Mughal means Mongol
  • 16. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued
    • When Babur dies, his grandson, Akbar “The Great” comes to power
    • He is the greatest Mughal leader of India
  • 17. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued
      • Allowed Hindus to worship freely and take part in the government
      • Ended unfair taxes on Hindus
  • 18. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS
    • When Akbar dies, his grandson, Shah Jahan comes to power
    • Jahan’s wife (Mumtaz Mahal) dies
    • Jahan is so grief stricken, he wants to build a tomb as beautiful as she was
  • 19. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS Continued
    • He builds the Taj Mahal
  • 20. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS Continued
    • Constructing fancy buildings like this bankrupts the Mughals
    • Taxes are put back on the Hindus
    • The Hindus rebel and the Mughal Empire falls