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4 2 medieval japan

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4: Civilizations of Asia SECTION 2: Medieval Japan
  • 2. VOCABULARY• Archipelago: A group or chain of many islands• Estate: Large tract of land• Feudalism: A system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners• Samurai: Japanese warriors• Shogun: The supreme military commander of Japan
  • 3. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY• Japan is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean (Map Page 101)• It is 500 miles off the coast of China
  • 4. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• Islands were formed by volcanoes • Mt. Fuji is Japan’s largest volcano• Earthquakes are common in Japan
  • 5. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• Japan is made up of 4 major islands • Hokkaido • Honshu • Shikoku • Kyushu
  • 6. BlankOutlineMap ofJapan
  • 7. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• All of Japan’s islands are mountainous • This makes travel by land difficult• Because Japan is surrounded by ocean: • It has been protected from attack • It has been isolated
  • 8. PhysicalMap of Japan
  • 9. THE HEIAN EMPIRE• Heian Emperors ruled Japan from 794- 1185 AD• Kyoto was the Heian capital city• This was a period of peace for Japan
  • 10. FEUDALISM IN JAPAN• Japanese emperors begin to lose power and wealth• Nobles who own their own fancy estates begin to gain power and wealth • Nobles live luxurious lifestyles • Believe they are superior to others
  • 11. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  • 12. Japanese Castlesowned by Nobles
  • 13. FEUDALISM IN JAPAN Continued• Nobles force poor peasants to work on their estates• This makes for an upper class of rich nobles and a lower class of poor peasants = Japanese feudalism
  • 14. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  • 15. SAMAURI WARRIORS• Rich nobles become so independent that they would often disobey the emperor• Nobles hire their own private armies for protection• Warriors in these private armies were called samurai
  • 16. Japanese Samurai
  • 17. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  • 18. SAMURAI WARRIORS Continued• Samurai warriors took an oath to follow a strict set of rules for behavior called bushido • Honor is all important • Never surrender or show weakness / fear • Commit ritual suicide before defeat
  • 19. THE SHOGUNS• Over time the samurai grew in numbers and power and formed their own clans• Each clan promised loyalty to a powerful warlord called a daimyo
  • 20. The DaimyoOverthrowthe Nobles
  • 21. DaimyoRule inJapan
  • 22. THE SHOGUNS Continued• Eventually one daimyo becomes more powerful than the others• In 1192, the emperor gives this daimyo the title of shogun or supreme military ruler of all of Japan
  • 23. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE• In 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu became shogun• He was determined to end all fighting between the daimyos and bring order to the country
  • 24. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE Continued• Divided Japan into 250 regions• Daimyo of each region must swear loyalty to the shogun• Daimyos must live in the shogun’s capital city of Edo for part of the year for proof
  • 25. TheTokugawa Tokyo EdoShogunate
  • 26. Mongolia Yeah! Mongols Japan ChinaThe Mongol Invasion of Japan
  • 27. The Remains of Kublai Khan’s Fleet
  • 28. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN• Kublai Khan and the Mongols try but fail to invade Japan
  • 29. The “Devine Wind”
  • 30. Kamikaze Attacks in WWII
  • 31. The Mongol Invasion of Japan
  • 32. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN• Shoguns do not want any foreign influence in Japan• Forced all foreigners to leave Japan
  • 33. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN Continued• Closed ports and banned travel outside of Japan• Stopped the building of large ships that could travel long distances