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4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
4 1 golden ages of china
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4 1 golden ages of china

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4 : Civilizations of Asia SECTION 1 : Golden Ages of China
  • 2. VOCABULARY
    • Dynasty : A series of rulers from the same family
    • Merit system : A system of hiring people based on their abilities
    • Porcelain : A white and very hard type of ceramic
  • 3. CHINESE GEOGRAPHY
    • China is very large and has a varied landscape
    • In the west there are large mountains and the Plateau of Tibet (Map Page 92)
  • 4.  
  • 5. CHINESE GEOGRAPHY
    • In the north there is the Gobi Desert
    • In the east and south there are fertile river valleys and coastland
      • Chang River
      • Huang River
    Continued
  • 6.  
  • 7. DYNASTIES RULE CHINA
    • Throughout its history, China has been ruled by many dynasties
    • Han dynasty: 206 BC – 220 AD
    • Sui dynasty: 581 AD – 618 AD
  • 8. THE TANG DYNASTY
    • The Tang Dynasty ruled China from 618 AD – 850 AD (Map Page 92)
    • Capital city was Chang’an
    • Greatest ruler was Tang Taizong
  • 9. Map of Tang Dynasty
  • 10. THE TANG DYNSTY Continued
    • Tang Taizong followed the teachings of Confucius
      • Reformed the government under these beliefs
      • Gave land to the peasants who farmed it
  • 11. THE GRAND CANAL
    • Built under the Tang Dynasty
    • Waterway that linked the Chang and Huang Rivers (Map Page 92)
    Grand Canal
  • 12. THE GRAND CANAL
    • 1,000 miles long – Still the largest canal ever built
    • Allowed for trade between northern and southern China
    Continued
  • 13. THE SONG DYNASTY
    • Ruled China from 960-1279
    • Used the merit system to improve government by picking better leaders
  • 14. THE SONG DYNASTY Continued
    • First capital city was Kaifeng
    • Second capital city was Hangzhou
  • 15. Map of Song Dynasty
  • 16. THE ARTS AND TRADE
    • Chinese goods were in high demand all over the world
      • Chinese ceramics made out of porcelain
  • 17. THE ARTS AND TRADE Continued
      • Chinese landscape paintings
  • 18. THE ARTS AND TRADE Continued
      • Chinese silk – Made from cocoons of caterpillars called silkworms
  • 19. THE SILK ROAD
    • All of these goods would travel west on the ancient Silk Road (Map Page 92)
    • They would then be sold in the Middle East, Africa, and Europe
  • 20. Map of The Silk Road
  • 21. CHINESE INVENTIONS
    • Movable type was invented by Bi Sheng
      • Allowed for easier printing of books
  • 22. CHINESE INVENTIONS Continued
    • The Compass was invented for the navigation of ships
  • 23. CHINESE INVENTIONS Continued
    • Gunpowder was invented in China
      • At first it was only used for fireworks
      • Later it was used for weapons as well
  • 24. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA
    • Mongols came from central Asia - north of China
    • They were nomads who rode on horseback
    • Mongols were fierce warriors
  • 25. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued
    • Mongol leader Genghis Khan conquered northern China in 1215
    • His grandson, Kublai Khan, completes the conquest and rules over all of China in 1259
  • 26. Mongols China
  • 27. Map of The Mongolian Empire
  • 28. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued
    • Kublai Khan rules from the city of Beijing
    • Calls his dynasty the Yuan or “beginning”
    • He did not allow Chinese people to share any leadership positions
  • 29. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued
    • Finally, in 1368, a peasant leads a revolt against the Mongols and kicks them out of China
  • 30. The Travels of Marco Polo
  • 31. MARCO POLO
    • In 1271, an Italian traveler named Marco Polo arrives in Kublai Khan’s China
    • He is very impressed with the riches of China
    • Polo writes about what he sees – This makes many Europeans want to trade with China

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