3 3 cultures of north america


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3 3 cultures of north america

  1. 1. CHAPTER 3 : Early Civilizations of the Americas SECTION 3 : Cultures of North America
  2. 2. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Pueblos : A Native American stone or adobe dwelling, part of a cluster of dwellings built close together </li></ul><ul><li>Great Plains : A mostly flat and grassy region of western North America </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE MOUND BUILDERS <ul><li>The Mound Builders were Native North Americans </li></ul><ul><li>They lived between 700 B.C. and 1250 A.D. </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE MOUND BUILDERS <ul><li>Most of the Mound Builders lived along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>They built thousands of earthen mounds </li></ul>CONTINUED
  5. 5. The Mound Builders (Map Page 80)
  6. 6. Native American Mounds
  7. 7. THE MOUND BUILDERS <ul><ul><li>Some mounds were used to bury great leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some mounds were used for religious ceremonies </li></ul></ul>CONTINUED
  8. 8. Serpent Mound
  9. 9. THE MOUND BUILDERS <ul><li>The mound builders had extensive trading networks </li></ul><ul><li>Objects buried in the mounds prove this </li></ul>CONTINUED
  10. 10. MOUND BUILDING CULTURES <ul><li>Adena people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived from 600 B.C. – 100 B.C. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. MOUND BUILDING CULTURES <ul><li>Hopewell people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived from 200 B.C. – 400 A.D. </li></ul></ul>CONTINUED
  12. 14. MOUND BUILDING CULTURES <ul><li>Mississippian people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived from 700 A.D. – 1100 A.D. </li></ul></ul>CONTINUED
  13. 15. MOUND BUILDING CULTURES <ul><ul><li>Cahokia was their largest city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 25,000 people lived there </li></ul></ul>CONTINUED
  14. 16. Cahokia
  15. 18. THE ANASAZI <ul><li>The Anasazi lived between 100 A.D. and 1300 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in the American Southwest Desert </li></ul>
  16. 20. THE ANASAZI <ul><li>Their name means “Ancient Ones” </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in pueblos </li></ul>CONTINUED
  17. 21. THE ANASAZI <ul><li>Some pueblos were built on the sides of cliffs </li></ul>CONTINUED
  18. 22. Mesa Verde Cliff Village
  19. 23. THE ANASAZI CONTINUED <ul><li>Round rooms dug into the ground called kivas were used for special religious ceremonies </li></ul>
  20. 24. Chaco Canyon
  21. 25. THE PLAINS INDIANS <ul><li>Lived on the Great Plains </li></ul>
  22. 26. Great Plains Prairie
  23. 27. THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>Many herds of buffalo roamed these prairies </li></ul>
  24. 28. THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>These Indians would follow the bison </li></ul>
  25. 29. THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>They lived in tipis </li></ul>
  26. 30. PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS <ul><li>Lived on the American Northwest Pacific coast </li></ul>
  27. 31. PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>They hunted in pine forests </li></ul><ul><li>Fished for salmon </li></ul>
  28. 32. PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>Built totem poles </li></ul>
  29. 33. PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>Their chiefs would have potlatches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At a potlatch, a chief would invite many guests and give them gifts </li></ul></ul>
  30. 34. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS <ul><li>Lived in the forests of Eastern North America </li></ul>
  31. 35. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>The men were hunters </li></ul>
  32. 36. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>The women were farmers </li></ul>
  33. 37. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>Some lived in wigwams </li></ul><ul><li>Some lived in longhouses </li></ul>
  34. 38. Eastern Woodland Indian Villages
  35. 39. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>Five of these tribes joined together to form the Iroquois Nation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohawk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onondaga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cayuga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seneca </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oneida </li></ul></ul>
  36. 41. EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED <ul><li>The Iroquois Confederacy became the strongest group of Indians in North America </li></ul>