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3 3 cultures of north america
 

3 3 cultures of north america

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    3 3 cultures of north america 3 3 cultures of north america Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 3 : Early Civilizations of the Americas SECTION 3 : Cultures of North America
    • VOCABULARY
      • Pueblos : A Native American stone or adobe dwelling, part of a cluster of dwellings built close together
      • Great Plains : A mostly flat and grassy region of western North America
    • THE MOUND BUILDERS
      • The Mound Builders were Native North Americans
      • They lived between 700 B.C. and 1250 A.D.
    • THE MOUND BUILDERS
      • Most of the Mound Builders lived along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers
      • They built thousands of earthen mounds
      CONTINUED
    • The Mound Builders (Map Page 80)
    • Native American Mounds
    • THE MOUND BUILDERS
        • Some mounds were used to bury great leaders
        • Some mounds were used for religious ceremonies
      CONTINUED
    • Serpent Mound
    • THE MOUND BUILDERS
      • The mound builders had extensive trading networks
      • Objects buried in the mounds prove this
      CONTINUED
    • MOUND BUILDING CULTURES
      • Adena people
        • Lived from 600 B.C. – 100 B.C.
    •  
    • MOUND BUILDING CULTURES
      • Hopewell people
        • Lived from 200 B.C. – 400 A.D.
      CONTINUED
    •  
    • MOUND BUILDING CULTURES
      • Mississippian people
        • Lived from 700 A.D. – 1100 A.D.
      CONTINUED
    • MOUND BUILDING CULTURES
        • Cahokia was their largest city
        • About 25,000 people lived there
      CONTINUED
    • Cahokia
    •  
    • THE ANASAZI
      • The Anasazi lived between 100 A.D. and 1300 A.D.
      • They lived in the American Southwest Desert
    •  
    • THE ANASAZI
      • Their name means “Ancient Ones”
      • They lived in pueblos
      CONTINUED
    • THE ANASAZI
      • Some pueblos were built on the sides of cliffs
      CONTINUED
    • Mesa Verde Cliff Village
    • THE ANASAZI CONTINUED
      • Round rooms dug into the ground called kivas were used for special religious ceremonies
    • Chaco Canyon
    • THE PLAINS INDIANS
      • Lived on the Great Plains
    • Great Plains Prairie
    • THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED
      • Many herds of buffalo roamed these prairies
    • THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED
      • These Indians would follow the bison
    • THE PLAINS INDIANS CONTINUED
      • They lived in tipis
    • PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS
      • Lived on the American Northwest Pacific coast
    • PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED
      • They hunted in pine forests
      • Fished for salmon
    • PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED
      • Built totem poles
    • PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDIANS CONTINUED
      • Their chiefs would have potlatches
        • At a potlatch, a chief would invite many guests and give them gifts
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS
      • Lived in the forests of Eastern North America
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED
      • The men were hunters
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED
      • The women were farmers
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED
      • Some lived in wigwams
      • Some lived in longhouses
    • Eastern Woodland Indian Villages
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED
      • Five of these tribes joined together to form the Iroquois Nation
        • Mohawk
        • Onondaga
        • Cayuga
        • Seneca
        • Oneida
    •  
    • EASTERN WOODLAND INDIANS CONTINUED
      • The Iroquois Confederacy became the strongest group of Indians in North America