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3 1 south america and the incas
 

3 1 south america and the incas

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    3 1 south america and the incas 3 1 south america and the incas Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 3 : Early Civilizations of the Americas SECTION 1 : South America and the Incas
    • VOCABULARY
      • Census : An official count of people in a certain place at a certain time
      • Gorge : A narrow pass between steep cliffs or walls
      • Terraces : Steplike ledges cut into mountains to make land suitable for farming
    • GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA
      • The Andes Mountain Range stretches along the west coast (Map Page 63)
        • Cold weather from high altitude
    • Continued
      • The Amazon River flows from west to east across South America
        • Second longest river in the world
        • Tropical rain forest region
      GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA
    • Maps of South America
      • Equator cuts across the northern part of South America
      • Climate is warmer in the north and colder in the south
      GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA Continued
    • Maps of South America
    • THE START OF THE INCA EMPIRE
      • Around 1200 AD
      • Inca people lived in the Andes Mts.
      • Incas settled in a city they called Cuzco
        • Cuzco = center
    • THE START OF THE INCA EMPIRE
      • The Inca grew strong and conquered neighboring peoples
      • By 1400, the Incas controled a vast empire
        • 12 million people
        • 2,500 miles long
      Continued
    • The Inca Empire
    • INCA GOVERNMENT
      • The Inca emperor was called the Sapa Inca
        • People believed he was related to the sun-god
    • INCA GOVERNMENT Continued
      • Under the Sapa Inca were the nobles
      • The nobles oversaw government officials who made sure the empire ran smoothly
    • INCA GOVERNMENT Continued
      • Officials used a census to:
        • Ensure everyone paid taxes
    • INCA GOVERNMENT Continued
        • Record what work the men did
          • Warrior
          • Gold mining
          • Building roads or cities
    • INCA GOVERNMENT Continued
      • In return, the government took care of the:
        • Poor
        • Sick
        • Elderly
    • INCA COMMUNICATION
      • The Inca spoke Quechua
      • They did not have a written language
      • The Inca used groups of knotted strings called quipu to record information on:
        • Births & deaths
        • Harvests & taxes
    • Inca Quipu
    • INCA COMMUNICATION Continued
      • An impressive road system was built
        • Paved with stones
        • Cut along the cliffs
    • INCA COMMUNICATION Continued
        • Inca bridges were built to cross gorges
    •  
    • INCA COMMUNICATION Continued
      • The Inca had no horses or cattle
      • They did not invent the wheel
      • Instead, the Inca used llamas to help them carry heavy loads
    • INCA BUILDINGS
      • The Inca used stones to build great palaces and cities
      • Their stonework is considered to be some of the best ever
    • Inca Stonework
    • INCA BUILDINGS Continued
      • The famous “lost city” of Machu Picchu is the best example of this
    • INCA FARMING
      • They used terraces so they could farm on the sides of the mountains
    • INCA FARMING Continued
      • Built complex irrigation systems
      • Were the first to grow the potato