2 3 east africa's great trading centers

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  • 1. CHAPTER 2 : Civilizations of Africa SECTION 3 : East Africa’s Great Trading Centers
  • 2. VOCABULARY
    • Ivory : The white material from elephant tusks
    • Swahili : A Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast
    • City-state : A city that is also a separate, independent state
  • 3. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM
    • 1 AD - City of Aksum becomes an important trading center
    • Located in northeastern Africa along the Red Sea (Map Page 35)
  • 4.  
  • 5. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
    • Aksum kings trade African ivory to make the city wealthy
  • 6.  
  • 7. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
    • 300 AD – King Ezana learns of a new religion called Christianity
    • King converts to Christianity and makes it the official religion of Aksum
  • 8. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
    • 600 AD – Muslim invaders from Arabia attack Aksum
    • Kingdom of Aksum loses control of sea ports and trade
    • Aksum becomes poor and weak
  • 9.  
  • 10. Maps of Ethiopia
  • 11. THE KINGDOM OF ETHIOPIA
    • Areas surrounding Ethiopia became Muslim lands
    • Ethiopia remained Christian
    • Church leaders did not build a new capital city
    • They constantly traveled from place to place within the Ethiopian mountains
  • 12. Map Showing Ethiopian Priests Travel Throughout the Kingdom
  • 13. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA
    • Ethiopian Christians were cut off from all other Christians in the world
    • Ethiopians develop their own religious customs
  • 14. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
      • Ethiopians use the Coptic Cross
      • They pray against and kiss the outside walls of churches
  • 15. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
    • 1200 AD - King Lalibela orders his people to build new churches
    • Churches are to be carved down into the solid red rock
  • 16. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
    • 10 churches are built this way in one city. The city is named Lalibela, after the king
  • 17. OTHER EAST AFRICAN CENTERS OF TRADE
    • Muslims now control the east coast of Africa
    • City-states based on trade grow and thrive along the coast
  • 18. East African City-states
  • 19. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA
    • 1000-1500 AD – Kilwa was a powerful city-state (Map page 35)
    • City became wealthy through trade with Muslims from Arabia
  • 20. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued
    • Contact with Arabian traders leads to a new culture and language called Swahili
    • Swahili language is part Bantu and part Arabic
  • 21. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued
    • Kilwa becomes famous for it’s “Great Mosque”
  • 22. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE
    • 1100-1500 AD – Great Zimbabwe was a powerful city-state (Map page 35)
    • Not located on the coast
  • 23. Great Zimbabwe
  • 24. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued
    • Great Zimbabwe became rich because of its many gold mines
  • 25. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued
    • Rulers of Great Zimbabwe lived in a stone-walled city for protection