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2 3 east africa's great trading centers
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    2 3 east africa's great trading centers 2 3 east africa's great trading centers Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 2 : Civilizations of Africa SECTION 3 : East Africa’s Great Trading Centers
    • VOCABULARY
      • Ivory : The white material from elephant tusks
      • Swahili : A Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast
      • City-state : A city that is also a separate, independent state
    • THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM
      • 1 AD - City of Aksum becomes an important trading center
      • Located in northeastern Africa along the Red Sea (Map Page 35)
    •  
    • THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
      • Aksum kings trade African ivory to make the city wealthy
    •  
    • THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
      • 300 AD – King Ezana learns of a new religion called Christianity
      • King converts to Christianity and makes it the official religion of Aksum
    • THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued
      • 600 AD – Muslim invaders from Arabia attack Aksum
      • Kingdom of Aksum loses control of sea ports and trade
      • Aksum becomes poor and weak
    •  
    • Maps of Ethiopia
    • THE KINGDOM OF ETHIOPIA
      • Areas surrounding Ethiopia became Muslim lands
      • Ethiopia remained Christian
      • Church leaders did not build a new capital city
      • They constantly traveled from place to place within the Ethiopian mountains
    • Map Showing Ethiopian Priests Travel Throughout the Kingdom
    • CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA
      • Ethiopian Christians were cut off from all other Christians in the world
      • Ethiopians develop their own religious customs
    • CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
        • Ethiopians use the Coptic Cross
        • They pray against and kiss the outside walls of churches
    • CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
      • 1200 AD - King Lalibela orders his people to build new churches
      • Churches are to be carved down into the solid red rock
    • CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued
      • 10 churches are built this way in one city. The city is named Lalibela, after the king
    • OTHER EAST AFRICAN CENTERS OF TRADE
      • Muslims now control the east coast of Africa
      • City-states based on trade grow and thrive along the coast
    • East African City-states
    • THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA
      • 1000-1500 AD – Kilwa was a powerful city-state (Map page 35)
      • City became wealthy through trade with Muslims from Arabia
    • THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued
      • Contact with Arabian traders leads to a new culture and language called Swahili
      • Swahili language is part Bantu and part Arabic
    • THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued
      • Kilwa becomes famous for it’s “Great Mosque”
    • THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE
      • 1100-1500 AD – Great Zimbabwe was a powerful city-state (Map page 35)
      • Not located on the coast
    • Great Zimbabwe
    • THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued
      • Great Zimbabwe became rich because of its many gold mines
    • THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued
      • Rulers of Great Zimbabwe lived in a stone-walled city for protection