2 3 east africa's great trading centers

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2 3 east africa's great trading centers

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 : Civilizations of Africa SECTION 3 : East Africa’s Great Trading Centers
  2. 2. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Ivory : The white material from elephant tusks </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili : A Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast </li></ul><ul><li>City-state : A city that is also a separate, independent state </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM <ul><li>1 AD - City of Aksum becomes an important trading center </li></ul><ul><li>Located in northeastern Africa along the Red Sea (Map Page 35) </li></ul>
  4. 5. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued <ul><li>Aksum kings trade African ivory to make the city wealthy </li></ul>
  5. 7. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued <ul><li>300 AD – King Ezana learns of a new religion called Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>King converts to Christianity and makes it the official religion of Aksum </li></ul>
  6. 8. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM Continued <ul><li>600 AD – Muslim invaders from Arabia attack Aksum </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Aksum loses control of sea ports and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Aksum becomes poor and weak </li></ul>
  7. 10. Maps of Ethiopia
  8. 11. THE KINGDOM OF ETHIOPIA <ul><li>Areas surrounding Ethiopia became Muslim lands </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia remained Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Church leaders did not build a new capital city </li></ul><ul><li>They constantly traveled from place to place within the Ethiopian mountains </li></ul>
  9. 12. Map Showing Ethiopian Priests Travel Throughout the Kingdom
  10. 13. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA <ul><li>Ethiopian Christians were cut off from all other Christians in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopians develop their own religious customs </li></ul>
  11. 14. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued <ul><ul><li>Ethiopians use the Coptic Cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They pray against and kiss the outside walls of churches </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued <ul><li>1200 AD - King Lalibela orders his people to build new churches </li></ul><ul><li>Churches are to be carved down into the solid red rock </li></ul>
  13. 16. CHRISTIANITY IN ETHIOPIA Continued <ul><li>10 churches are built this way in one city. The city is named Lalibela, after the king </li></ul>
  14. 17. OTHER EAST AFRICAN CENTERS OF TRADE <ul><li>Muslims now control the east coast of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>City-states based on trade grow and thrive along the coast </li></ul>
  15. 18. East African City-states
  16. 19. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA <ul><li>1000-1500 AD – Kilwa was a powerful city-state (Map page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>City became wealthy through trade with Muslims from Arabia </li></ul>
  17. 20. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued <ul><li>Contact with Arabian traders leads to a new culture and language called Swahili </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili language is part Bantu and part Arabic </li></ul>
  18. 21. THE CITY-STATE OF KILWA Continued <ul><li>Kilwa becomes famous for it’s “Great Mosque” </li></ul>
  19. 22. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE <ul><li>1100-1500 AD – Great Zimbabwe was a powerful city-state (Map page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Not located on the coast </li></ul>
  20. 23. Great Zimbabwe
  21. 24. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued <ul><li>Great Zimbabwe became rich because of its many gold mines </li></ul>
  22. 25. THE CITY-STATE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE Continued <ul><li>Rulers of Great Zimbabwe lived in a stone-walled city for protection </li></ul>

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