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18 3 farming and populism
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18 3 farming and populism

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18 3 farming and populism 18 3 farming and populism Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 18:Americans Move West Section 3: Farming and Populism
  • VOCABULARY Deflation: Overall decrease in prices of goods
  • THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Gov. wants settlers on the frontier
  • THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Not many went –“Great American Desert”myth
  • THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Homestead Act passed • Gave 160 nearly free acres • Must improve land • Live on for 5 years
  • THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Thousands rushed west to farm
  • HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Settlers called sodbusters • Had to break up root filled sod
  • HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Dry farming –grow wheat & usemore land • Need less water
  • Irrigation Canals
  • HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Lived in sod homes
  • HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Great Plains became the “Breadbasket of theworld”
  • END OF THE FRONTIER Most frontier land was now taken and settled
  • END OF THE FRONTIER Oklahoma Land Rush – Last chapter ofwestward movement
  • Oklahoma Land Rush April 22, 1889
  • Oklahoma Land Rush
  • “Sooners”
  • END OF THE FRONTIER 1890 – Gov. proclaimed the frontier closed
  • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS More wheat produced = lower prices forwheat • Farmers can’t make money
  • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS Deflation also hurt • U.S. money was on the Gold Standard • Money supply grew more slowly than the population
  • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS Farmers blamed businessmen, grain buyers,and railroads
  • FARMERS ORGANIZE Farmers organized politically • National Grange – Social & educational organization for farmers • Populist Party – called for: • Gov. to own RR’s • Silver to help back dollars