CHAPTER 17: Reconstruction Section 2:The Fight over Reconstruction
VOCABULARY Impeach: To bring charges againsta public official for wrongdoing
PRESIDENT JOHNSON Democrat & formerslaveholder Did not believe inequal rights for blacks Wanted lenientreconstruction Gave pardons towealthy Confederateleaders
RECONSTRUCTION OVER? Southern statesfollowedlenient plan Johnsonadmitted themback in asstates • Declared reconstruction over
BLACK CODES Southern states passed Black Codes • Laws that limited the freedom of African Americans
BLACK CODES Could not own property or guns No voting rights If no job, could be arrested andforced to work for no pay
“This is a white man’s government, and intended for white men only.” -Benjamin F. Perry (Governor of South Carolina)
THE RADICAL REPUBLICANS Radical Republicans – Northernmembers of Congress • Wanted to redo Reconstruction • Much stricter plan on the South
CONGRESS TAKES CONTROL OF RECONSTRUCTION Radical Republicans pass twoConstitutional Amendments • 14 th Amendment – Gave full citizenship to African Americans
CONGRESS TAKES CONTROL OF RECONSTRUCTION • 15th Amendment – Gave voting rights to African American men
CONGRESS TAKES CONTROL OF RECONSTRUCTION Also pass new Reconstruction Acts • Divided the South into 5 military districts • Each one controlled by a Northern military commander • States must support 14 th & 15th Amendments to be readmitted
JOHNSON DISAGREES WITHRADICAL RECONSTRUCTION Johnson tried to veto the RadicalReconstruction Acts Opposed the Amendments
THE PRESIDENT ON TRIAL Congress passed a law that forbidthe President from removing cabinetofficials without Senate approval Johnson then fired Sec. of WarEdwin Stanton Ha ha, they can’t tell You’re Darn fired! me what to do!
THE PRESIDENT ON TRIAL Congress voted to impeachJohnson
THE PRESIDENT ON TRIAL Johnson then went to the Senatefor a trial • 2/3rds vote would remove him from office
TheImpeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson Oh crap!
THE PRESIDENT ON TRIAL Johnson is saved by one single vote Whew! That was close.
THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1868 Johnson doesnot run RepublicanUlysses S. Grantwins • He supports Radical Reconstruction