14 1 immigrants and urban challenges

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14 1 immigrants and urban challenges

  1. 1. CHAPTER 14:New Movements in America Section 1: Immigrants and Urban Challenges
  2. 2. VOCABULARYTenements: Poorly built housingwhere many immigrants lived
  3. 3. MILLIONS OFIMMIGRANTS ARRIVE Over 4 million immigrants came tothe U.S. between 1840-1860
  4. 4. MILLIONS OFIMMIGRANTS ARRIVE To start new lives in America
  5. 5. MILLIONS OFIMMIGRANTS ARRIVE Most came from Europe  Ireland and Germany
  6. 6. IRISH IMMIGRANTS Main Irish crop in1800’s was the potato Potato blight caused rot
  7. 7. IRISH IMMIGRANTS Irish Potato Famine – over amillion starved to death
  8. 8. IRISH IMMIGRANTS Many lost their homes Millions went to America
  9. 9. IrishLeaving forthe United States
  10. 10. IRISH IMMIGRANTS Mostsettled inNortheastcities Mostworked lowpayingunskilled jobs
  11. 11. GERMAN IMMIGRANTS Germans came to America for tworeasons: • To escape political persecution • For economic opportunity
  12. 12. GERMAN IMMIGRANTS More likelyto settle inthe Midwest Manyworked asfarmers andin skilled jobs
  13. 13. ANTI-IMMIGRANT MOVEMENTS Nativists opposed immigration Worried that immigrants: • worked for cheaper wages & took their jobs • had different cultures & religions They sometimes attackedimmigrants
  14. 14. Nativists AttackingImmigrants
  15. 15. ANTI-IMMIGRANT MOVEMENTS Formed a political party called theKnow-Nothing Party
  16. 16. PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES Jobs atfactoriesattracted ruralAmericans &immigrants
  17. 17. PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES Citiesbecameovercrowded
  18. 18. PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES Poor people lived in tenementhousing
  19. 19. Tenement Apartments
  20. 20. Inside the Tenements
  21. 21. PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES Most cities did not have:  Running water  Garbage pickup  Police forces  Fire departments
  22. 22. PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES Diseases, violence, crime, & fireswere common

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