12 2 changes in working life

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12 2 changes in working life

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12: The North Section 2:Changes in Working Life
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Trade Union: Workersorganization that tries to improveworking conditions Strike: The refusal of workers toperform their jobs until employersmeet their demands
  3. 3. THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM Rhode Island System started bySamuel Slater Bring unskilled workers to histextile mills
  4. 4. THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM They did simple tasks and werepaid cheaply
  5. 5. THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM He hired entire families includingchildren
  6. 6. ChildrenWorking
  7. 7. THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM Built housing for his workers Ran a company store Paid workers in store credit
  8. 8. The Rhode Island System
  9. 9. THE LOWELL SYSTEM Started by Francis Cabot Lowell
  10. 10. THE LOWELL SYSTEM Hired only young unmarriedwomen from local farms  Worked 12-14 hour days
  11. 11. THE LOWELL SYSTEM Lived in boarding houses
  12. 12. The Lowell System
  13. 13. TheLowell Girls
  14. 14. “Is anyone such a fool as to suppose that out ofsix thousand factory girls in Lowell, sixty would bethere if they could help it? Whenever I raise thepoint that it is immoral to shut us up in a closed roomtwelve hours a day in the most monotonous andtedious of employment I am told that we have cometo the mills voluntarily and we can leave when wewill. Voluntarily!.... The whip which brings us toLowell is necessity. We must have money; a father’sdebts are to be paid, and aged mother to besupported, a brother’s ambition to be aided and sothe factories are supplied. Is this to act from freewill? Is this freedom? To my mind it is slavery.” Sarah G. Bagley
  15. 15. THE BEGINNINGS OF UNIONS Some workers organizedthemselves into trade unions  They wanted more pay  Shorter working hours Would strike to get what theywanted

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