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12 2 changes in working life
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12 2 changes in working life






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    12 2 changes in working life 12 2 changes in working life Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 12: The North Section 2:Changes in Working Life
    • VOCABULARY Trade Union: Workersorganization that tries to improveworking conditions Strike: The refusal of workers toperform their jobs until employersmeet their demands
    • THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM Rhode Island System started bySamuel Slater Bring unskilled workers to histextile mills
    • THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM They did simple tasks and werepaid cheaply
    • THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM He hired entire families includingchildren
    • ChildrenWorking
    • THE RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM Built housing for his workers Ran a company store Paid workers in store credit
    • The Rhode Island System
    • THE LOWELL SYSTEM Started by Francis Cabot Lowell
    • THE LOWELL SYSTEM Hired only young unmarriedwomen from local farms  Worked 12-14 hour days
    • THE LOWELL SYSTEM Lived in boarding houses
    • The Lowell System
    • TheLowell Girls
    • “Is anyone such a fool as to suppose that out ofsix thousand factory girls in Lowell, sixty would bethere if they could help it? Whenever I raise thepoint that it is immoral to shut us up in a closed roomtwelve hours a day in the most monotonous andtedious of employment I am told that we have cometo the mills voluntarily and we can leave when wewill. Voluntarily!.... The whip which brings us toLowell is necessity. We must have money; a father’sdebts are to be paid, and aged mother to besupported, a brother’s ambition to be aided and sothe factories are supplied. Is this to act from freewill? Is this freedom? To my mind it is slavery.” Sarah G. Bagley
    • THE BEGINNINGS OF UNIONS Some workers organizedthemselves into trade unions  They wanted more pay  Shorter working hours Would strike to get what theywanted