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1 2 the beginnings of islam Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 1 : Byzantine and Muslim Civilizations SECTION 2 : The Beginnings of Islam
  • 2. VOCABULARY
    • Nomads : People who have no permanent home but move from place to place
    • Oasis : Green area within a desert fed by underground water
    • Caravan : Large groups of traders traveling across the desert
    • Prophet : A person who is regarded as speaking for god
  • 3. VOCABULARY
    • Mosque : Muslim house of worship
    • Quran : The holy book of Islam
    Continued
  • 4. THE ARABIAN PENINSULA
    • Covered by desert
    • Nomadic Bedouins make their home here
    • Bedouins travel from oasis to oasis
  • 5. THE ARABIAN PENINSULA
    • Knowledge of desert allows Bedouins to become guides for caravans on trading routes
    • Caravans depend upon camels
    • City of Mecca becomes most important in Arabia
    Continued
  • 6. Maps of Saudi Arabia
  • 7. THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
    • Born in Mecca around 570 AD to a poor family
    • 610 AD he goes into a cave in the mountains to pray
    • An angel visits Muhammad in the cave
    • Tells him people must stop worshipping many false gods
    • They must worship the one true god, Allah
  • 8. THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD Continued
    • Muhammad tells his story and becomes a prophet
    • People who accepted the teaching of Muhammad were called Muslims
    • The religion of the Muslims is called Islam
    • Many people converted to Islam
    • Leaders of Mecca were afraid and kicked Muhammad out
  • 9. THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD Continued
    • 622 AD Muhammad is invited to the city of Yathrib
    • Muhammad and his followers move north to Yathrib
    • This is known as the Hijra or “great migration”
    • Yathrib is renamed Medina , “The City of the Prophet”
  • 10. Maps of Saudi Arabia Hijra
  • 11. Maps of Saudi Arabia
  • 12. THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD Continued
    • 630 AD Muhammad returns to Mecca in triumph – Everyone in Arabia becomes a Muslim
  • 13. MUSLIM BELIEF
    • Muslims worship in a mosque
    • The holy book of Islam is called the Quran
  • 14. MUSLIM BELIEF Continued
    • The 5 Pillars (Duties) of Islam
    PILLAR DESCRIPTION Declaration of Faith Declare the one and only God is Allah Prayer Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca Almsgiving Give money to the needy Fasting Fast during daylight on the month of Ramadan Pilgrimage Make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca
  • 15.  
  • 16. A SPLIT AMONG MUSLIMS
    • 632 AD Muhammad dies
    • A new ruler is elected to lead the Muslim people
    • The third leader is assassinated
    • Two different ideas on how to replace this leader
  • 17. A SPLIT AMONG MUSLIMS Continued
    • The Muslims schism into Shiites and Sunnis
    REPLACEMENT OF LEADER LEADERSHIP FOLLOWING SHIITES Direct descendant of Muhammad One person 15% of Muslims SUNNIS Anyone from Muhammad’s tribe Group of scholars help leader 85% of Muslims