• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
1 1 the byzantine empire
 

1 1 the byzantine empire

on

  • 1,638 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,638
Views on SlideShare
1,472
Embed Views
166

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
1
Comments
0

2 Embeds 166

http://byzantium.do.am 94
http://spehar.wikispaces.com 72

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    1 1 the byzantine empire 1 1 the byzantine empire Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 1 : Byzantine and Muslim Civilizations SECTION 1 : The Byzantine Empire
    • VOCABULARY
      • Strait : (noun) A narrow passage that links two bodies of water
      • Schism : (noun) A split, particularly in a church or religion
      • Icon : (noun) An image of a holy person
      • Patriarch : (noun) Highest church official in Constantinople
    • EMPEROR CONSTANTINE
      • 306 AD he became the Roman Emperor
      • Stopped the persecution of Christians
      • Converted to Christianity himself after he wins the Battle of Milvian Bridge
        • Christianity becomes the official religion of the empire
    • EMPEROR CONSTANTINE (Continued)
      • 330 AD moves the capital city from Rome to Byzantium
        • Renames new capital Constantinople (Map Page 9) (Means city of Constantine)
        • People living around Constantinople still called Byzantines
    • The Roman Empire Constantinople
    • THE ROMAN EMPIRE SPLITS
      • After the death of Constantine, the Roman Emperors who followed him continued to rule from Constantinople
      • Roman Empire splits in two
        • Eastern half is based in Constantinople
          • Called The Byzantine Empire
          • Eastern half is more powerful
        • Western half is based in Rome
          • Western half is weak
          • 476 AD Western half falls to the “Barbarians”
    • The Roman Empire Splits Byzantine Empire
    • THE RISE OF THE CITY OF CONSTANTINOPLE
      • City was located on the Bosporus Strait (Map Page 11)
        • Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with Mediterranean Sea
        • Strait also is a link between Asia and Europe
        • This was a major crossroads of land and sea trade routes
      • As a result many trade goods passed through the city
        • Byzantines taxed these goods
        • Results in great wealth for the empire
    • Map of Byzantine Empire Europe Asia
    • DEFENDING CONSTANTINOPLE
      • The city was built with great walls to prevent a successful attack
      • The secret weapon “ Greek Fire ” repelled any attack from the sea
    • The Defenses of Constantinople
    • Map of the City of Constantinople
    • Map of Byzantine Empire
    • THE EMPEROR JUSTINIAN
      • His rule began in 527 AD
      • Presided over the Byzantium “Golden Age”
      • His wife, Empress Theodora , was an influential advisor
      • Built the Hagia Sophia Cathedral
    • JUSTINIAN’S CODE
      • The code was a system of laws
      • Existing Roman Laws were confusing and contradicting
      • The code was an organized collection and explanation of Byzantine laws
      • Eventually this code became the basis of the legal system we use today
    • A RELIGIOUS DISPUTE
      • The Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome were still very strong
      • The Byzantine Emperor outlaws icons
      • The Pope disagrees with this and banishes the Emperor from the church
      • Byzantines felt the Pope was wrong to do this
      • This argument leads to a schism
      • in 1054 AD
        • This results in two Christian Churches
    • A RELIGIOUS DISPUTE (Continued)
      • ROMAN
      • CATHOLIC CHURCH
      • EASTERN
      • ORTHODOX CHURCH
      LEADER Pope in Rome Patriarch in Constantinople LANGUAGE Latin Greek ICONS ? Yes No (Until ban was lifted)
    • THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE
      • A long series of wars against Muslims and Europeans weakens the empire
      • Poor leadership from a series of bad emperors hurts as well
    • Map of Byzantine Empire Turks
    • THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued)
      • 70,000 Turks surround the city of Constantinople
        • Turks drag their ships over land and then launch them into the harbor
        • Turks bring cannons to blast away the city walls
      • Defending the city were only 7,000 Byzantines
    • Map of the City of Constantinople
    • THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued 2)
      • Finally, in 1453 AD, after the defenders hold out for 2 months, Constantinople falls
      • The Byzantine Empire is no more
    • THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued 3)
      • The city is renamed Istanbul and to this day continues to be the capital city of the country of Turkey