1 1 the byzantine empire

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1 1 the byzantine empire

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1 : Byzantine and Muslim Civilizations SECTION 1 : The Byzantine Empire
  2. 2. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Strait : (noun) A narrow passage that links two bodies of water </li></ul><ul><li>Schism : (noun) A split, particularly in a church or religion </li></ul><ul><li>Icon : (noun) An image of a holy person </li></ul><ul><li>Patriarch : (noun) Highest church official in Constantinople </li></ul>
  3. 3. EMPEROR CONSTANTINE <ul><li>306 AD he became the Roman Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped the persecution of Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Converted to Christianity himself after he wins the Battle of Milvian Bridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity becomes the official religion of the empire </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. EMPEROR CONSTANTINE (Continued) <ul><li>330 AD moves the capital city from Rome to Byzantium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renames new capital Constantinople (Map Page 9) (Means city of Constantine) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People living around Constantinople still called Byzantines </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Roman Empire Constantinople
  6. 6. THE ROMAN EMPIRE SPLITS <ul><li>After the death of Constantine, the Roman Emperors who followed him continued to rule from Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire splits in two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern half is based in Constantinople </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called The Byzantine Empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern half is more powerful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western half is based in Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Western half is weak </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>476 AD Western half falls to the “Barbarians” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Roman Empire Splits Byzantine Empire
  8. 8. THE RISE OF THE CITY OF CONSTANTINOPLE <ul><li>City was located on the Bosporus Strait (Map Page 11) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strait also is a link between Asia and Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was a major crossroads of land and sea trade routes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As a result many trade goods passed through the city </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Byzantines taxed these goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results in great wealth for the empire </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Map of Byzantine Empire Europe Asia
  10. 10. DEFENDING CONSTANTINOPLE <ul><li>The city was built with great walls to prevent a successful attack </li></ul><ul><li>The secret weapon “ Greek Fire ” repelled any attack from the sea </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Defenses of Constantinople
  12. 12. Map of the City of Constantinople
  13. 13. Map of Byzantine Empire
  14. 14. THE EMPEROR JUSTINIAN <ul><li>His rule began in 527 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Presided over the Byzantium “Golden Age” </li></ul><ul><li>His wife, Empress Theodora , was an influential advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Built the Hagia Sophia Cathedral </li></ul>
  15. 15. JUSTINIAN’S CODE <ul><li>The code was a system of laws </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Roman Laws were confusing and contradicting </li></ul><ul><li>The code was an organized collection and explanation of Byzantine laws </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually this code became the basis of the legal system we use today </li></ul>
  16. 16. A RELIGIOUS DISPUTE <ul><li>The Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome were still very strong </li></ul><ul><li>The Byzantine Emperor outlaws icons </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope disagrees with this and banishes the Emperor from the church </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantines felt the Pope was wrong to do this </li></ul><ul><li>This argument leads to a schism </li></ul><ul><li> in 1054 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This results in two Christian Churches </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. A RELIGIOUS DISPUTE (Continued) <ul><li>ROMAN </li></ul><ul><li>CATHOLIC CHURCH </li></ul><ul><li>EASTERN </li></ul><ul><li>ORTHODOX CHURCH </li></ul>LEADER Pope in Rome Patriarch in Constantinople LANGUAGE Latin Greek ICONS ? Yes No (Until ban was lifted)
  18. 18. THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE <ul><li>A long series of wars against Muslims and Europeans weakens the empire </li></ul><ul><li>Poor leadership from a series of bad emperors hurts as well </li></ul>
  19. 19. Map of Byzantine Empire Turks
  20. 20. THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued) <ul><li>70,000 Turks surround the city of Constantinople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turks drag their ships over land and then launch them into the harbor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turks bring cannons to blast away the city walls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defending the city were only 7,000 Byzantines </li></ul>
  21. 21. Map of the City of Constantinople
  22. 22. THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued 2) <ul><li>Finally, in 1453 AD, after the defenders hold out for 2 months, Constantinople falls </li></ul><ul><li>The Byzantine Empire is no more </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE FALL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Continued 3) <ul><li>The city is renamed Istanbul and to this day continues to be the capital city of the country of Turkey </li></ul>

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