Iraq and Persia فتوح العراق و فارس
Nahawand (Nehavend) <ul><li>Omar ordered Muslims to stop at Zagarus Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Yazdajred gathers his forc...
Nahawand (Nehavend) <ul><li>Omar ordered Muslims to gather and march to Nahawand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Al-Numan bin Mukre...
20 th  Hijra 642 AD CE
20 th  Hijra 642 AD CE Al-Numaan bin Mukren Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari Huzayfa bin Al-Yaman Abdullah bin Omar
20 th  Hijra 642 AD CE Al-Numaan bin Mukren Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari Huzayfa bin Al-Yaman Abdullah bin Omar
20 th  Hijra 642 AD CE
Hurmuzan fortified  Nahawand well
Hurmuzan fortified  Nahawand well
Attempts to break in  are futile
Attempts to break in  are futile
Tulayha comes up  with a plan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan
Al-Numan is martyred
Al-Numan is martyred
Rest of Persia <ul><li>Al-Ahnaf convinses Omar to continue the advance until Yazdajred is defeated and the Persian Empire ...
Hamadan 22 H Rayy 22 H Azerbaijan 22 H Quizvin Al-Bab 22 H Khurasan 22 H
Omar’s Conquests
Effect of Islam on Conquests <ul><li>The values and meanings of Al-Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>The influence of Quran on the M...
Jihad is rewarded by Allah SWT <ul><li>because nothing could they suffer or do, but was reckoned to their credit as a deed...
Jihad is the Profitable Trade <ul><li>[10]  O ye who believe! Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from a grie...
Jihad is Certain Victory <ul><li>Say: &quot;Can you expect for us (any fate) other than one of two glorious things ( marty...
Martyrdom is Eternal Life <ul><li>[169]  Think not of those who are slain in Allah's Way as dead. Nay, they live, finding ...
The High Goal of Jihad <ul><li>74]  Let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafte...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>1- Preparedness: </li></ul><ul><li>[60] Against them make ready your strength to the...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>2- Tests and Trials: </li></ul><ul><li>214]  Or do ye think that ye shall enter the ...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>3- Tyrants and Transgressors’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>[100]  These are some of the st...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>4- Sinners’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>6]  See they not how many of those before them We...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>4- Sinners’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>6]  See they not how many of those before them We...
The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>5- Change starts in the Hearts of believers: </li></ul><ul><li>11]  For each (such p...
Did Islam spread by the Sword? <ul><li>Islamic Facts :  No compulsion in Religion (2:256) </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Fac...
Omar’s Genius in Leadership <ul><li>Choosing Leaders and Commanders. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticking to the way of Allah. </li>...
Results of Omar’s Conquest Policy <ul><li>Eliminating Sasanian Persian Empire and its danger, and containing the Byzantine...
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Nahawand

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Nahawand

  1. 1. Iraq and Persia فتوح العراق و فارس
  2. 2. Nahawand (Nehavend) <ul><li>Omar ordered Muslims to stop at Zagarus Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Yazdajred gathers his forces in the mountainous city of Nahawand. 150,000 fighters led by Fairuzan. </li></ul><ul><li>Omar decides to fight a decisive battle. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nahawand (Nehavend) <ul><li>Omar ordered Muslims to gather and march to Nahawand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Al-Numan bin Mukren: General Commander </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huzayfa bin Al-Yaman: Commander of Kufa soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abu-Musa Al-Ash’ari: Commander of Basra soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdullah bin Omar: Commander of Al-Muhajirin and Ansar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>30,000 fighters. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 20 th Hijra 642 AD CE
  5. 5. 20 th Hijra 642 AD CE Al-Numaan bin Mukren Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari Huzayfa bin Al-Yaman Abdullah bin Omar
  6. 6. 20 th Hijra 642 AD CE Al-Numaan bin Mukren Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari Huzayfa bin Al-Yaman Abdullah bin Omar
  7. 7. 20 th Hijra 642 AD CE
  8. 8. Hurmuzan fortified Nahawand well
  9. 9. Hurmuzan fortified Nahawand well
  10. 10. Attempts to break in are futile
  11. 11. Attempts to break in are futile
  12. 12. Tulayha comes up with a plan
  13. 13. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  14. 14. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  15. 15. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  16. 16. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  17. 17. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  18. 18. Al-Qua’qua’ Al-Numan
  19. 19. Al-Numan
  20. 20. Al-Numan
  21. 21. Al-Numan
  22. 22. Al-Numan
  23. 23. Al-Numan
  24. 24. Al-Numan
  25. 25. Al-Numan
  26. 26. Al-Numan
  27. 27. Al-Numan
  28. 28. Al-Numan
  29. 29. Al-Numan is martyred
  30. 30. Al-Numan is martyred
  31. 31. Rest of Persia <ul><li>Al-Ahnaf convinses Omar to continue the advance until Yazdajred is defeated and the Persian Empire is finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Nahawand was a key victory. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Hamadan 22 H Rayy 22 H Azerbaijan 22 H Quizvin Al-Bab 22 H Khurasan 22 H
  33. 33. Omar’s Conquests
  34. 34. Effect of Islam on Conquests <ul><li>The values and meanings of Al-Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>The influence of Quran on the Muslim soldier </li></ul>
  35. 35. Jihad is rewarded by Allah SWT <ul><li>because nothing could they suffer or do, but was reckoned to their credit as a deed of righteousness, - whether they suffered thirst, or fatigue, or hunger, in the Cause of Allah, or trod paths to raise the ire of the Unbelievers, or received any injury whatever from an enemy - for Allah suffereth not the reward to be lost of those who do good. </li></ul><ul><li>Nor could they spend anything (for the Cause) - small or great - nor cut across a valley, but the deed is inscribed to their credit; that Allah may requite their deed with the best (possible reward). </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Tawba 9:120-121 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Jihad is the Profitable Trade <ul><li>[10] O ye who believe! Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from a grievous Penalty? </li></ul><ul><li>[11] That ye believe in Allah and His Messenger, and that ye strive (your utmost) in the Cause of Allah, with your property and your persons: that will be best for you, if ye but knew! </li></ul><ul><li>[12] He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to Gardens beneath which rivers flow, and to beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Saf 61:10-12 </li></ul>
  37. 37. Jihad is Certain Victory <ul><li>Say: &quot;Can you expect for us (any fate) other than one of two glorious things ( martyrdom or victory )? But we can expect for you either that Allah will send His punishment from Himself, or by our hands. So wait (expectant); we too will wait with you.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Tawba 9:52 </li></ul>
  38. 38. Martyrdom is Eternal Life <ul><li>[169] Think not of those who are slain in Allah's Way as dead. Nay, they live, finding their sustenance in the Presence of their Lord; </li></ul><ul><li>[170] They rejoice in the Bounty provided by Allah: and with regard to those left behind, who have not yet joined them (in their bliss), the (Martyrs) glory in the fact that on them is no fear, nor have they (cause to) grieve. </li></ul><ul><li>[171] They glory in the Grace and the Bounty from Allah, and in the fact that Allah suffers not the reward of the Faithful to be lost (in the least). </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Umran 3:169-171 </li></ul>
  39. 39. The High Goal of Jihad <ul><li>74] Let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter, To him who fights in the cause of Allah - whether he is slain or gets victory - soon shall We give him a reward of great (value). </li></ul><ul><li>[75] And why should you not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? Men, women, and children, whose cry is: &quot;Our Lord! rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help! </li></ul><ul><li>[76] Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith fight in the cause of Evil: so fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan. An-Nisa 4:74-76 </li></ul>
  40. 40. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>1- Preparedness: </li></ul><ul><li>[60] Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike fear into (the hearts of) the enemies of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom you may not know, but whom Allah does know. Whatever you shall spend in the Cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and you shall not be treated unjustly. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Anfal 8:60 </li></ul>
  41. 41. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>2- Tests and Trials: </li></ul><ul><li>214] Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of Bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: &quot;When (will come) the help of Allah&quot; ah! verily, the help of Allah is (always) near! </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Baqara 2:214 </li></ul><ul><li>(Battle of Al-Jisr, like Uhud before) </li></ul>
  42. 42. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>3- Tyrants and Transgressors’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>[100] These are some of the stories of communities, which We relate unto you: of them some are still standing, and some have been mown down (by the sickle of time). </li></ul><ul><li>[101] It was not that We wronged them: they wronged their own souls: the deities, other than Allah, whom they invoked, profited them no whit when there issued the decree of your Lord: nor did they add aught (to their lot) but perdition! </li></ul><ul><li>[102] Such is the chastisement of your Lord when He chastises communities in the midst of their wrong: grievous, indeed, and severe is His chastisement ! </li></ul><ul><li>Hud 11:100-102 </li></ul>
  43. 43. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>4- Sinners’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>6] See they not how many of those before them We did destroy? - Generations We had established on the earth, in strength such as We have not given to you - for whom we poured out rain from the skies in abundance, and gave (fertile) streams flowing beneath their (feet): Yet for their sins We destroyed them , and raised in their wake fresh generations (to succeed them). </li></ul><ul><li>Al-An’am 6:6 </li></ul>
  44. 44. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>4- Sinners’ end: </li></ul><ul><li>6] See they not how many of those before them We did destroy? - Generations We had established on the earth, in strength such as We have not given to you - for whom we poured out rain from the skies in abundance, and gave (fertile) streams flowing beneath their (feet): Yet for their sins We destroyed them , and raised in their wake fresh generations (to succeed them). </li></ul><ul><li>Al-An’am 6:6 </li></ul>
  45. 45. The Way of Allah in Conquests <ul><li>5- Change starts in the Hearts of believers: </li></ul><ul><li>11] For each (such person) there are (angels) in succession. Before and behind him: they guard him by command of Allah. Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls). But when (once) Allah wills a people's punishment, there can be no turning it back, nor will they find, besides Him, any to protect. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Ra’d 13:11 </li></ul>
  46. 46. Did Islam spread by the Sword? <ul><li>Islamic Facts : No compulsion in Religion (2:256) </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Facts : Protection of other religions under Islamic rule. Large Christian and Jewish communities flourished under Islamic rule. Historical documents and treaties. </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sense Facts : Largest Muslim population in countries not conquered militarily. </li></ul>Fact remains that people were attracted to Islam because of the message of fairness and mercy, contrasted with the tyranny of their rules .
  47. 47. Omar’s Genius in Leadership <ul><li>Choosing Leaders and Commanders. </li></ul><ul><li>Sticking to the way of Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Preserving the rights of commanders. </li></ul><ul><li>Preserving the rights of soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting the borders: Posts الثغور </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing Islamic Da’wa: Masajid </li></ul>
  48. 48. Results of Omar’s Conquest Policy <ul><li>Eliminating Sasanian Persian Empire and its danger, and containing the Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the Muslim Umma and a new world power and a force to be reckoned with. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing a new kind of leadership, the world did not know before: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JUSTICE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EQUALITY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RULING ACCORDING TO THE LAW OF ALLAH </li></ul></ul>

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