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Vaccination Sp Class B

Vaccination Sp Class B






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    Vaccination Sp Class B Vaccination Sp Class B Presentation Transcript

    • PREVENTIVE PEDIATRICS DR. DENNIS V. S. DELLOSA Chairman Clinical Pediatrics
      • DTaP VACCINE
    • What kind of vaccine is DTaP?
      • The diphtheria and tetanus components are inactivated toxins called a toxoids.
      • For the pertussis component of DTaP and Tdap vaccines, purified components of the bacterium are grown and then inactivated.
    • How is this vaccine given?
      • The DTaP vaccine is given as an Intramuscular injection.
    • For children, how many doses of DTaP vaccine are required?
      • Children up 2 months – 6 years:
        • A series of 4 doses given at 2, 4, 6, and 15-18 months of age.
        • A 5 th shot, or booster dose, is recommended at 4-6 years of age, unless the fourth dose was given late (after the fourth birthday).
        • A booster dose of Td (adult tetanus and diphtheria) is recommended every ten years. The new Tdap vaccine can be substituted for one booster dose of adult Td.
    • Should adults who weren't immunized as children receive this vaccine as adults?
        • Children 7 years and older without documentation of DTaP vaccination should receive a primary series of three doses of Tetanus-diphtheria toxoid (Td).
        • The first 2 doses should be separated by 4 - 8 weeks, and the 3rd dose given 6 - 12 months after the second dose.
        • Tdap vaccine can be substituted for one of these three doses, preferably the first dose for persons 11 years and older.
    • How safe is this vaccine?
      • The most common reactions are
          • Soreness, redness, and swelling at the injection site.
          • Mild fever
          • Loss of appetite
          • Tiredness
          • Vomiting
    • Who should NOT receive diphtheria vaccine?
      • People who have had a serious allergic reaction to one dose of DTaP, DT, Td, or Tdap vaccine.
      • Persons with a moderate or severe illness should postpone receiving the vaccine until their condition has improved.
    • What adverse side effects have been reported with this vaccine?
      • Moderate to serious reactions include:
        • Crying for three hours or more
        • High fever
        • Collapse or shock-like state
        • Convulsions within three days
      • Believed to be due to the pertussis component of the vaccine
    • What kind of vaccine is Hepatitis B vaccine?
      • Hepatitis B vaccines are recombinant DNA vaccines.
      • They are produced by inserting the gene for HBV into common baker's yeast where it is grown, harvested, and purified.
    • How is this vaccine given?
      • Intramuscular Injection
    • Who should get this vaccine?
      • Recommended for all infants and children 0 -18 years of age beginning at birth in the hospital.
      • Can be given to any person who desires protection from Hepatitis B.
    • What groups of adults are at increased risk of HBV infection?
      • Healthcare workers and public safety workers with reasonably anticipated risk for exposure to blood or blood-contaminated body fluids
      • Men who have sex with men
      • Sexually active people who are not in long-term, mutually monogamous relationships
      • People seeking evaluation or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease
      • Current or recent injection drug users
      • Inmates of long-term correctional facilities
      • People with end-stage kidney disease, including predialysis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and home dialysis patients
      • Staff and residents of institutions or group homes for the developmentally challenged
      • Household members and sex partners of people with chronic HBV infection
    • Why is this vaccine recommended for all babies?
      • First , babies and young children have a very high risk for developing chronic HBV infection if they become infected at a young age.
      • Second , early childhood infection occurs.
      • Third , long-term protection following infant vaccination is expected to last for decades. Moreover, hepatitis B vaccine is the first vaccine to prevent cancer--HBV-related liver cancer.
    • What is the recommended schedule for HBV?
      • HBV should be given an birth.
      • The minimum recommended dosing intervals are 4 weeks between the 1 st and 2 nd doses and 8 weeks between the 2 nd and 3 rd doses.
      • The minimum interval between the 1 st and 3 rd doses is 16 weeks.
    • Who should NOT receive hepatitis B vaccine?
      • Serious allergic reaction to one dose of hepatitis B vaccine
      • Hypersensitivity to common backer’s yeast
    • What kind of vaccine is IPV?
      • Inactivated virus vaccine
    • How is the vaccine administered?
      • IPV is given as an IM injection.
    • Who should get this vaccine?
      • All infants should get this vaccine.
      • A primary series of IPV consists of 3 properly spaced doses, usually given at 2, 4, and 6 - 18 months.
      • A booster dose is given at 4 - 6 years (before or at school entry).
    • What side effects have been reported with this vaccine?
      • Possible side effects include minor local reactions at the site of injection (e.g., pain, redness).
    • Who should not receive the polio vaccine?
      • Those with life-threatening allergic reaction to neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B.
      • Anyone who had a severe allergic reaction to a dose of polio vaccine should not get another one.
      • Anyone who is moderately or severely ill at the scheduled time.