Psychotic Disorders
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Psychotic Disorders

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Psychotic Disorders Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • LYCANTROPY – delusonal belief that one is a werewolf
    • HEUTOSCOPY – belief seeing oneself
    • GALEANTROPY – belief that one is a dog
    • CYNANTROPY – belief that one is a cat
    • VAMPIRISM – belief that one is a vampire
    • OTHELLO SYNDROME – delusional jealousy
    • CLERAMBAULT-KADINSKY – erotomanic delusion
    • INCUBUS SYNDROME – one has a phantom lover
    • DOPPELGANGER SYNDROME – one has a double as an imaginary companion
    • EKBOM’S SYNDROME – delusional parasitosis
    • PHANTOM BOARDER – unwelcome delusional house guests
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • CACODEMONOMANIA – One who believes that he is possessed by an evil spirit. Belief that Satan is having intercourse with her.
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • INTERMETAMORPHOSIS – those around look like one’s enemies
    • DORIAN GRAY SYNDROME – One does not age
    • COTARD’S SYNDROME – delusional sense of nihilism
    • FREGOLI’S PHENOMENON – a persecutor impersonates people the patient knows
    • LILLIPUTIAN HALLUCINATION – seeing people as small creatures
    • MESSIANIC DELUSION – belief that he is a messiah
    • MIGNON DELUSION – belief that he belongs to Royal lineage
    • PICTURE SIGN – People on the TV is inside the house
    • NOETIC DELUSION – prophetic delusion
    • COMMAND HALLUCINATION – Obeying orders of what is asked through auditory hallucinations
    • CAPGRAS SYNDROME – An identical looking impostors has replaced someone significant to the patient.
  • 13. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • HALLUCINATIONS
      • AUDITORY
      • VISUAL
      • TACTILE
      • OLFACTORY
      • GUSTATORY
      • SOMATIC
  • 14. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • Language and communication changes
      • Circumstantiality
      • Tangential
      • Derailment
      • Looseness of association
  • 15. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • Abnormal motor activity
      • Catatonic
      • Grossly disorganized behavior
  • 16. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • Negative symptoms
      • Poverty of speech output
      • Poverty of thought content
      • Affective flattening
      • Avolition/apathy
  • 17. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
    • Schneiderian First rank Symptoms
      • Thought insertion
      • Thought withdrawal
      • Thought Broadcasting
      • Hearing one’s thought spoken aloud
      • Hearing voices arguing about or discussing
      • Hearing voice’s comment on one’s actions
      • Delusional interpretation of one’s perceptions
      • Experiencing bodily sensations as if imposed from outside
      • Experiencing affect as if imposed and controlled from outside
      • Experiencing impulses as if imposed and controlled from outside
      • Experiencing motor actions as if imposed and controlled from outside
  • 18. PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
    • Brief Psychotic disorders
    • Schizophreniform disorder
    • Schizophrenia
    • Delusional disorders
    • Shared psychotic disorder
    • Schizoaffective disorder
    • Psychotic disorder due to medical condition
  • 19. Brief Psychotic disorders
    • Severe precipitating stressor
    • Psychosis last for at least one but less than one month
    • Presence of delusion, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, derailment or incoherence
  • 20. Schizophreniform disorder
    • Criteria A,D, and E of schizophrenia are met
    • Prodromal, active, and residual phase lasts at least for one month but less than 6 months.
  • 21. Schizophrenia
    • Worst psychotic disorder
    • Bizarre delusions
    • No return in previous level of functioning
    • Types of schizophrenia
    • Paranoid type
      • Hebephrenic type
      • Catatonic Type
      • Disorganized type
      • Residual type
  • 22. Delusional disorders
    • Formerly known as paranoia or paranoid disorders
    • Non – bizarre delusions
    • Mono-symptomatic delusions
    • Types
      • Persecutory
      • Grandiose
      • Jealousy
      • Erotomanic delusion
  • 23. Shared Psychotic Disorder
    • Psychotic symptoms developed during a long term relationship with another person who had the same psychotic syndrome
    • Most commonly involved two persons
    • Better known as folie a deux
  • 24. Psychotic Disorders Due to GMC
    • Typhoid fever
    • Temporal lobe epilepsy
    • Alzheimer’s disease
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • Cortical lewy body disease
    • Huntington’s Chorea
    • Parkinson’s Disease
  • 25. Psychotic Disorders Due to GMC
    • idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (Fahr’s disease)
    • Posttraumatic encephalopathy
    • Viral encephalitis
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Stroke
    • Vascular dementia
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Brain tumors
    • Vitamin B12 deficiency