A condition in which patient fake illness to the point of inflicting painful, deforming, or even life-threatening injury on themselves or those under their care with the primary goal of gaining the emotional care and attention that comes with playing the role of the patient
Approximately 0.8 to 1.0 percent of psychiatry consultation patients
The symptoms and pattern of illness are extremely unusual, or inexplicable physiologically.
Repeated hospitalizations and workups by numerous caregivers fail to reveal a conclusive diagnosis or cause.
Physiological parameters are consistent with induced illness; e.g., apnea monitor tracings disclose massive muscle artifact prior to respiratory arrest, suggesting that the child has been struggling against an obstruction to the airways.