Spears rhetoric-overview


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Spears rhetoric-overview

  1. 1. Sexualized Women in Sports Brittany Spears
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Women are exploited in sports because of their sex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women are expected to act feminine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female athletes are expected to have a certain body type </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Media coverage depends on gender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beauty is the main focus of the coverage for women sports </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Textual Portrayals of Female Athletes: Liberation or Nuanced Forms of Patriarchy? <ul><li>The author of this article is Victoria Carty and it was published in 2005 in Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carty’s main point is that women are stereotyped and face inequality in sports. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I am using this article to talk about how women are stereotyped and all the inequality they face in being a female athlete. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Title IX <ul><li>Title IX was passed as a law to extend equal rights to women in 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Enabled more women to participate in sports </li></ul><ul><li>It positively influenced more women to play sports by giving them more opportunities. </li></ul>http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/gallery/featured/GAL1151522/1/index.htm
  5. 5. The Difference Between Femininity and Feminism <ul><li>Some media showed feminist movement achievements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . hints that these should be pursued over traditional ideals of femininity.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some media showed feminine stereotypes concerning women in sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media ignored feminism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is more about femininity and feminism rather than athletic skill </li></ul>
  6. 6. Being feminine as a female athlete <ul><li>If you do not act feminine then you are considered masculine, which is worse than being a feminist </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot always be yourself in the sport you play if you always have to act feminine and appeal to the ideals of the majority of consumers of sport </li></ul><ul><li>Even if you act feminine in sports people still are going to favor male sports over female sports </li></ul>
  7. 7. Serena Williams 2k Commercial
  8. 8. The female athlete’s body <ul><li>Through the outfits that female athletes wear in some sports to how they are portrayed in the media, a certain expectation is placed in order to appeal to the majority of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Women are sexualized through their sport by the display of their bodies </li></ul>http://cityrag.blogs.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/08/08/womens_beach_volleyball_5.jpg
  9. 9. Gender and Media Time <ul><li>There is an inequality in media coverage involving women’s sports </li></ul><ul><li>Not all female sports are shown or supported equally </li></ul><ul><li>The media affects gender stereotypes and plays into the idea of feminine and masculine </li></ul>
  10. 10. Beauty and Media Time <ul><li>Being pretty in sports will always get you media time as a female athlete </li></ul><ul><li>Having a sexy body as opposed to a masculine body is viewed more positively </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty is media’s main concern rather than the sport </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle can sometimes be considered sexy if it is thin and lean and not bulky or powerful </li></ul>
  11. 11. Race and Media Time <ul><li>Media has a huge affect on the perceptions of an athlete’s race </li></ul><ul><li>Gender stereotyping on race forces femininity and masculinity to play out in a very black and white dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Feminism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases or decreases when femininity is affected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>further subdivided by race </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Sports and Stereotyping <ul><li>Gender stereotyping in sports forces femininity and masculinity to play out in a very heterosexual way </li></ul><ul><li>Femininity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only portrayed in a heterosexual way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterosexual is what is accepted and valued </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>The problem of sexism in sports needs to be addressed at its core to be solved </li></ul><ul><li>Although females in sports and society’s view of females in sports are continually changing and progressing in the right direction, there are constant reminders of why the idea of females in sports is still a new concept that has to be grasped rather than accepted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unequal media coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectification of female athletes </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Bibliography <ul><li>carty , victoria. &quot;textual Portrayals of Female Athletes: Liberation or Nuanced Forms of Patriarchy?.&quot; frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 26.2 (2005): 132-172. Web. 5 Apr 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>http://cityrag.blogs.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/08/08/womens_beach_volleyball_5.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>inside.nike.com/blogs/nikewomen-en_US/2009/02/06/change-th...-in-sport </li></ul><ul><li>www.sporting-hero.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/gallery/featured/GAL1151522/1/index.htm </li></ul>