Indian tribals by bikrant roy

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Various Indian tribes

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Indian tribals by bikrant roy

  1. 1. The Apatanis are settled in the lower Subansiri district ofArunachal and are one of the most advancing tribes of the state.There are no literary sources regarding the origin and migrationof the Apatanis and the archaeological evidences are toomeagre to throw however, the Apatanis have preserved differentmyths and traditions, which throw welcome light on all aspects oftheir life including their origin and migration.
  2. 2. Abujmaria These Indian tribes can be seen in themountain regions of Madhya Pradesh.These tribes of India have a very deephistory. In the earlier period Abujmariatribes were known asAbudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria.These Indian tribes were considered as asub part of the important gonds tribes(discussed earlier) who played a pivotalrole in knowing the original Indian tribes.These tribes of India are generally foundin Abujhmar Mountains andKutrumarHills in the Bastar district ofMadhya Pradesh.They generally speakthe Dravidian form oflanguage, Abujmaria bein the nativelanguage of these tribes of India.
  3. 3. The Adivasi Girasia of India The Adiwasi Girasia, inhabits the Banaskantha and Sabarkantha districts of northern Gujarat State of western central India.The Adiwasi Girasia are the descendants of the Rajput who married Bhil women. During the thirteenth century, many poor Rajput fled to the Vindhya and Aravalli hills where they mixed with the Bhil settlers What are their beliefs? Sixty percent of the Adiwasi practice ethnic religions, and 30% are Hindus. The latter respect cows, worship the millions of Hindu gods, and also believe in many spirits. They all have a strong fear of ghosts, spirits of the dead, and black magic.What are their lives like?Among the Adiwasi Girasia, the average land holding is small andtherefore, the man of the household is able to do all of the work himself.Their strong sense of community often leads to an exchange of field laboramong themselves. Maize is the staple food grown by all families. Manyalso depend on forest produce as a means of support. The people aregenerally vegetarians and are no longer addicted to alcohol like other Bhiltribes.
  4. 4. Adiyan Population: 9690 Adiyan - The word Adiyan means “slave. ” in Malayalam. The Adiyans are found in the them are agricultural labourers. It is believed that they were agrWayanad and Kannur districts of Kerala. Most of icultural slaves in the past. During the annual festival at the Valliyurkkavu temple in Mananthavady, Wayand, the Adiyar people used to gather where they were sold and bought by landlords.
  5. 5. Ahir Place /Location (then and now) Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh & Bengal Population 750,000 Languages spoken Hindi Religion/God Lord Krishna Food Rice, wheat
  6. 6. AkaThese tribes are found mainlyin the AndamanIslands, Arunachal Pradeshand also in parts of Assam.The Aka people are so namedfor a black, sticky paint theyuse on their faces. They usedto speak Aka (now an extinctlanguage) on the AndamanIslands and Aka Lel, a dialectof Nisi, in Assam. The Akapeople in Assam celebratethe Nechido Festival everyyear on the first day ofNovember.
  7. 7. Alar TribeAlar is a tribal community settled inthe regions of PalakkadDistrict, Kerala. They are alsoknown by different names such asChathans and Chatans. The Alarand Malayalam are the twolanguages spoken by them.Alarsperform the Chatthankali, a danceform prevalent in many areasof Ponnani and Tirur in Malappuram District. The dance is performedin the attire of a village deity, withthe accompaniment of percussioninstruments.
  8. 8. Amri KaribThe Karbis are the principal tribalcommunity in the Karbi Anglong districtof Assam, a district administered asper the provisions of the SixthSchedule of the Constitution ofIndia, having an autonomous district oftheir own since 17 November1951.[3] Besides Karbi Anglongdistrict, the Karbi-inhabited areasinclude Dima Hasao, Kamrup, Marigaondistrict, Nagaon, Golaghat,Karimganj and Sonitpur districts of Assam; Balijancircle of Papumpare districtin Arunachal Pradesh, Jaintia Hills, RiBhoi and East Khasi Hills districtsin Meghalaya, and DimapurDistrict inNagaland. Apart fromAssam, the Karbis are also recognisedas Scheduled Tribes inMeghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland.With a population of around 4 lakhs 6thousand (406,000) .
  9. 9. Anal tribeThe Anal live in the Manipurregion of north-eastIndia, which is surroundedby the Imphal valley to thenorth, Churachandpur to thewest, the Chin Hillsto thesouth and Kabaw valley tothe east. The area is veryhilly, with thick jungles andmany wildanimals. According to the2001 census, there areapproximately 21,242 Anal inManipur. In 1981 they wereliving in 45 villages.
  10. 10. Angami tribeThe Angami Nagas are hill peopledepending basically on cultivation andlivestock-rearing. The Angamis areknown for terraced wet-rice cultivation;because of this labor-intensivecultivation, land is the most importantform of property among the Angamis.Angamis are one of the only two groupsof Nagas out of the seventeen whopractice wet-rice cultivation on terracesmade on the hill slopes. This allows themto cultivate the same plot year after year.They depend, to a very small extent, onslash-and-burn cultivation. Angamis weretraditionally warriors, the Angami menspent majority of their time in warfarewith hostile villages and taking heads.Since 1879, when the Britishsucceededin annexing their territory.
  11. 11. Ahom tribeThe Ahom people of Assam are thedescendants of the ethnic Taipeople that accompanied the Taiprince Sukaphaa intothe Brahmaputra valley in 1228 andruled the area for six centuries.Sukaphaa and his followers establishedthe Ahom kingdom(1228-1826) andthe Ahom dynasty ruled and expandedthe kingdom until the British gainedcontrol of the region through the Treatyof Yandabo upon winning the FirstAnglo-Burmese War in 1826. Thekingdom established by the Ahompeople gave Assam its name.
  12. 12. Bakarwals tribeBakarwal (or Bakharwal) isa nomadic tribe based in the PirPanjal andHimalayan mountainsof South Asia. They aremainly goatherds and shepherds. Theyare called as Dhangar in rest of India.Bakarwals are spread throughout the northern part ofthe Himalayan Range. This includes the statesof Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab(India) in India. In Pakistan, Bakarwals are found in thehilly northern parts of Punjab (Pakistan) as well as partsof the North West Frontier Province.In Jammu andKashmir in India, Bakarwals are found in all threeregions of the state including Jammu (comprising thedistrictsof Jammu, Kathua, Udhampur, Poonch, Rajouri and District), the Kashmir Valley (comprising the diatrictof Srinagar, Baramulla, Kupwara, Pulwama, Budgam and Anantnag) and Ladakh (comprising the districtof Ladakh and Kargil).In Pakistan, Bakarwals inhabitthe Northern Areas (Gilgit, the HunzaValley and Baltistan) and Azad Kashmir .
  13. 13. Banjaras tribeThe Banjara are a class of usuallydescribed as nomadic people fromthe Indian state of Rajasthan, North-West Gujarat, and Western MadhyaPradesh and Eastern Sindh provinceof pre-independence Pakistan. Theyclaim to belong to the clan ofAgnivanshi Rajputs, and are alsoknown as Lakha Banjara meansLakhapati, Banjari, Pindari, Bangala, Banjori, Banjuri, Brinjari, Lamani,Lamadi, Lambani, Labhani, Lambara, Lavani, Lemadi, Lumadale, LabhaniMuka, Goola, Gurmarti, Gormati, Kora, Sugali, Sukali, Tanda, Vanjari, Vanzara, and Wanji. Together withthe Domba, they are sometimescalled the "gypsies of India".[2]
  14. 14. The Bhils are considered as the third Bhils tribelargest and most widely distributedtribal groups in India. The name "Bhil"was probably derived from theword villu or billu, which in mostDravidian languages is the word for"bow." The bow has long been acharacteristic weapon of the Bhilbecause the tribesmen always carry theirbows and arrows with them. The Bhiltribes inhabit some of the most remoteand inaccessible areas of India. There aretwo divisions of Bhils: the Central or"pure" Bhils, and the Eastern or RajputBhils. The Central Bhils live in themountain regions in the states ofMadhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan.They are known as the connecting linkbetween the Gujaratis and theRajasthanis and are one of the largesttribal communities of India. Theyspeak Bhili, which is an Indo-Aryan
  15. 15. The Chero are scheduled caste, found in tribe Cheros thestates of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, in NorthIndia.[2]The community claims to have originallybeen Chandravanshi Rajputs. Other members ofthe tribe claim to be Nagvanshi. The Chero areessentially one of many tribalcommunities, such as the Bhar and Kol, thatinhabit the southeastern corner of UttarPradesh. They were the traditional rulers ofnorth Bihar, until they were disposed bythe Rajputs. They are now found in a territoryextending from Allahabad in thewest, and Muzaffarpur in the east. The Cherohave two sub-divisions, the Mahto andChaudhary.[3]
  16. 16. Gaddi tribeThe Gaddi are a tribe living mainly inthe Indian states of HimachalPradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.As of 2001, the Gaddi wereclassified as a ScheduledTribe under the Indiangovernments reservationprogram of positivediscrimination. This classificationapplied through Jammu andKashmir and in certain parts ofHimachal Pradesh.
  17. 17. Gond tribeThe Gondi (Gōndi) or Gond peopleare people in central India, spreadover the states of MadhyaPradesh, eastern Maharashtra (Vidarbha),Chhattisgarh, northern Andhra Pradesh, and Western Odisha.With over four million people, theyare the largest tribe in CentralIndia.[2]Gond or Rajgond are same tribes.The term Raj Gond was widelyused in 1950s, but has now becomealmost obsolete, probably becauseof the political eclipse of the GondRajas.[3]The Gondi language is relatedto Telugu and other Dravidianlanguages. About half of Gondsspeak Gondi languages,[4] while therest speak Indo-Aryan
  18. 18. Naga tribeThe term Naga people refers to aconglomeration of severaltribes inhabiting the North Eastern partof India and north-western Burma. Thetribes have similar cultures andtraditions, and form the majority ethnicgroup in the Indianstates of Nagaland, Manipur, ArunachalPradesh and Assam, as wellas Myanmar. Out of the numerousunique identities of the Nagas, the mostunique traditional items that can befound in almost all of the Naga tribesand that distinctly separate Nagas fromthe other tribals are the Conical redheadgear decorated with wild-boarcanine teeth and white-black Hornbillfeathers, the spear with the shaftdecorated with red-black hairs and theunique Dao with broad blade and longhandle.
  19. 19. Santhals tribeA step forward, in our Indian tribal tourtakes us to Santhal tribe. With apopulation of more than 49000, Santhaltribes are the third largest tribes inIndia. Belonging to pre Aryanperiod, these tribes of India are foundin regions of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissaand Jharkhand. Many call them as “ thetribesat extreme”, a visit to their place willsurly get your moneys worth.Santhal Tribes of India take pride intheir past. Historically, these Indiantribes were at front end againstBritishers, and their heroics againstLord Cornwallis are well known. Manyfamous personalities suchas Sidhu and Baba Tilka Majhi werepart of these enthusiastic tribes ofIndia.
  20. 20. Munda tribeThe Munda are tribal (Adivasi) peopleof the Chota Nagpur Plateau region.They are found across, and into partsof Bangladesh. Their languageis Mundari, which belongs to the Mundasubgroup of theAustroasiatic languagefamily.There are estimated to be two millionMunda people.
  21. 21. Kolis tribeThe Koli people are historically anethnic group nativeto Rajasthan, HimachalPradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana states.The Kolis of Gujarat intermixedwith Rajputs due to the practiceof hypergamous marriage,which wascommonly used to enhance or securesocial status as, for example, withthe Nairs andNambudiriBrahmins of Ke-rala.Some Kolis had also once heldsmall princedoms before the BritishRaj period and some were stillsignificant landholders and tenants inthe twentieth century.However, mostKolis had lost their once-equal standingwith the Patidar community due to theland reforms of the Raj period and, forexample, most Kolis in the Surashtraregion of Gujarat were still occupied asagricultural labourers or tenant
  22. 22. Koragas tribeThe Koragas are a tribal communityfound mainly in the DakshinaKannada, Udupi districtsof Karnataka and the Kasaragoddistrict of Kerala, south India. Theseareas in Karnataka, are altogetheroften referred to as Tulu Nadu. Theyare also found in small numbers inadjoining districts ofUttara -Kannada, Shimoga and Kodagu. TheKoraga are classified by theGovernment of India as a ScheduledTribe.The Koraga, who numbered 16,071according to the 2001 census ofIndia,have theirown language, classified as anindependent dravidianlanguage,which is stronglyinfluencedby Kannada, Malayalam and Tulu languages commonly found in their
  23. 23. Maravars tribeMaravar are a Tamil community of the stateof Tamil Nadu, southern India, and are one of thethree branches ofthe Mukkulathor confederacy.Maravars are foundpredominantly in the Southern districts of TamilNadu, such asMadurai, Theni, Sivagangai, Ramanathapuram, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Thirunelveli, Thoothukudi anddistricts of Tamil Nadu. They are also found incentral districts of Tamil Nadu likePudukottai, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinamand Tiruchy. They ruled portions of Tamil Nadualong with the Kallars. The Southern martial arts ofKalarippayattu, Silambam, Varma Kalai have beenpracticed primarily by Kallars, Maravars and Nairsof erstwhile Travancore areas.[1] In British

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