Maslow's theory

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Maslow's theory

  1. 1. Maslow‟s Hierarchy of Needs M.Vinod Kumar, 09011BB047.
  2. 2. ABRAHAM MASLOW• April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970• 1 of 7 children• Jewish, parents uneducated• Married Bertha Goodman, first cousin• Received BA (1930), MA (1931) and PhD (1934) all from University of Wisconsin• Professor at Brooklyn College (1937-51) and Brandeis University (1951-61)• Considered to be the founder of humanistic psychology.
  3. 3. Read the following statementsand tick those that apply to you. There are no right or wrong answers.__ A I am successful in life and/or work, and I’m recognized by my peers for being so. I’m satisfied with the responsibility and role that I have in life and/or work, my status and reputation, and my level of self-esteem.__ B I am part of, and loved by, my family. I have good relationships with my friends and colleagues - they accept me for who I am.__ C My aim is self-knowledge and enlightenment. The most important thing to me is realizing my ultimate personal potential. I seek and welcome ‘peak’ experiences.__ D I generally feel safe and secure - job, home, etc - and protected from harm. My life generally has routine and structure - long periods of uncontrollable chaos are rare or non- existent.__ E Aside from dieting and personal choice, I never starve through lack of food, nor lack of money to buy food. Aside from the usual trauma of moving house, I have no worry at all about having somewhere to live - I have ‘a roof over my head’.
  4. 4. MASLOW‟S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Self Actualisation Esteem Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  5. 5. DEFICIT (D-NEEDS)• If you don‟t have enough of something you have a “deficit” (need) – Maslows hierarchy seems to follow the life cycle. A babys needs are almost entirely physiological. As the baby grows, it needs safety, then love. Toddlers are eager for social interaction, attention and affection. Teenagers are anxious about social needs, young adults are concerned with esteem and only more mature people transcend the first four levels to spend much time self- actualizing. – Under stressful conditions, or when survival is threatened, we can “regress” to a lower level need.
  6. 6. Basic Human Needs Food Air Water Clothing SexPhysiological Needs
  7. 7. Safety and Security Protection Employment Safety Security Family Safety Needs Health
  8. 8. LOVE AND BELONGING Affection AcceptanceSOCIAL NEEDS Inclusion
  9. 9. Esteem Self-RespectEsteem Needs Self-Esteem Respected by Others
  10. 10. SELF-ACTUALIZATION Self-Actualization Achieve full potential Fulfillment
  11. 11. CRITICISMS• Maslow created his hierarchy of needs from an individualistic perspective, being that he was from the United States, a highly individualistic nation.• Maslow‟s hierarchy has also been criticized as being individualistic because of the position and value of sex on the pyramid.
  12. 12. Read the following statements and tick those that apply to you.There are no right or wrong answers.__ E Aside from dieting and personal choice, I never starve through lack of food, nor lack of money to buy food. Aside from the usual trauma of moving house, I have no worry at all about having somewhere to live - I have „a roof over my head‟. (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS)__ D I generally feel safe and secure - job, home, etc - and protected from harm. My life generally has routine and structure - long periods of uncontrollable chaos are rare or non-existent. (SAFETY NEEDS)__ B I am part of, and loved by, my family. I have good relationships with my friends and colleagues - they accept me for who I am. (BELONGINGNESS & LOVE NEEDS)__ A I am successful in life and/or work, and I‟m recognized by my peers for being so. I‟m satisfied with the responsibility and role that I have in life and/or work, my status and reputation, and my level of self-esteem. (ESTEEM NEEDS)__ C My aim is self-knowledge and enlightenment. The most important thing to me is realizing my ultimate personal potential. I seek and welcome „peak‟ experiences. (SELF-ACTUALIZATION NEEDS)
  13. 13. References • A.H. Maslow‟s Hierarchy of Needs. (n.d.). Information accessed May 16, 2004, from http://www.temple.edu/CETP/temple_teach/c m-needs.html • Daniels, V. (2004, March). Notes on Abraham Maslow. Information accessed May 18, 2004, from http://www.sonoma.edu/users/d/daniels/Maslo w_summary.html • Warder, D. (n.d.). What is Abraham Maslows theory of motivation and is it useful to the field of education? Teaching Portfolio. Information accessed May 16, 2004, from http://www.mumstudents.org/~dwarder/resear ch.htm
  14. 14. Queries..??

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