http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2MZ0GG8qVU&feature=related – no cell phonehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXt_de2-HBE- cell phones bandedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQ636tJhWCQ&feature=related – cell phones in the classroom
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KcPKk_Re9D4&feature=fvw – complete banning of the cell phonesComplete banning of usage during schoolUse during lunch and between classes
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obdf5UosbR0&feature=related –SolowayHttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tRTNnpV_79Y&feature=related – georgeengelWhile districts try to find additional funding for technology integration in the classroom, students are walking into the room with devices that are capable of providing a technology rich experience that is guided by the curriculum in the district.Ubiquitous computing (ubicomp) is a post-desktop model of human-computer interaction in which information processing has been thoroughly integrated into everyday objects and activities. In the course of ordinary activities, someone "using" ubiquitous computing engages many computational devices and systems simultaneously, and may not necessarily even be aware that they are doing so.
Jason- 19 year old college freshman, woke Friday morning to download this week’s US History podcast to his iPod the got in his car and listened to his professor’s test review session. Before exiting his car, he receives a text on his smartphone from classmate and student partner. Person had questions and wanted to meet in the library before the test. By the time he got to library his friend had their laptop open and was looking at the review notes and needed the answer for question 3. Then Jason IM the professor, then the professor replied for them to call him. Professor then told them to look in the western Expansion, to find the answer for question 3. They hang up and review the section of notes to find the answer.
Senior John Cram pulled out his phone during a lab experiment in his material science class this fall. He wanted to measure the porosity of a cupcake. Using the cell phone camera, he took a picture, emailed to himself and imported into Photoshop where he could precisely measure each air pocket to calculate the cupcake porosity.
“What we ask on our tests when students come in with Google in their pockets? Will they be better questions than we ask today?”
Marc Prensky “ Digital natives are raised in a ubiquitous technology environment that they twitch-speed, multitask, random access, graphics first, active, connected, fun, fantasy, quick payoff world of video games, MTV and the Internet”.
Boise, ID: Ultimately the technology helped his prior year’s classes “achieve some of the highest Idaho State Achievement Test Scores in the state: 100 in reading , 95 in math and 95 in language arts.North Port, Fla: help increase the reading fluency of students involved with intensive reading classes. Listening to audio books.
GoKnow:Project K-Nect: NC schools for at-risk 9th graders to increase math achievement in algebraBlackBoard Mobile Learn: Blackboard web-based systemToolbook: on iPhone and Android will benefit the blind, dyslexic, struggling readers, learners of a second language and learning disabled. Kurzweil: cell phone reads out loud in several languages and displays on screen what it is reading.
St Mary’s City (Ohio) School District –Dave Janosz at Northern Valley Regional High School “When you think of the options it might open up…it would be silly not to thee the discussion”. Watkins Glen video 1:24 – 4:35http://www.trschools.com/newsnotes/stories/2010-2011/nn_10082010a.asp
Additional advantages: enhanced student-centered learning, support differentiated of student learning needs and personalized learningFacilitate collaboration through synchronous and asynchoronous communication
What is more disruptive, banning or embracing
NJPSA FALL CONFERENCE2010WHAT IS MOREDISRUPTIVE, BANNINGOR EMBRACINGSTUDENT CELLPHONES? Presented by: Sandi Paul Director of Technology Sayreville Public Schools October 21, 2010 Twitter: @spaul6414
Agenda Increase in student cell phone ownership Disruptive and inappropriate use of cell phone Abuse Banning Can’t beat them join them Embracing An instructional tool District and School policies
Usage The numbers showed that cell phone users are significantly more likely to use their phones to take pictures (66 percent to now 76 percent), send or receive text messages (65 percent to now 72 percent), play games (27 percent to now 35 percent), send or receive e- mail (25 percent to now 34 percent), access the Internet (25 percent to now 38 percent), and record video (19 percent to now 34 percent). Pew Internet Report
Increase in student ownership Estimate 83% of 17 year olds across the country have a cell phone today by an April Pew Internet and American Life Project. Among high school students 75%. Among 12 year olds 58% up from 18% in 2004. 42% of teenagers said they could text message blindfolded. 57% of Smartphone users and 29% of regular cell phone users said they carry their cell phone because it is how they stay connected to their "world".
Inappropriate usage Phones disrupting the classroom environment Constant texting in the class Cheating on tests/exams Sexting issues in schools Cyberbullying
Abuse Contact illegal parties outside of school. Recording of teachers and other students Used for gang communication Setting up drug deals in a school Calling a bomb scare
Banning Saranac Lake School Bans Cell Phones Only during before, lunch and after school Milwaukee Public Schools Ban Cell phones House Bill 363 in Pa to ban use of beepers, celll phones, and portable deice that record, play audio or video material from school grounds. The trend at most New Zealand schools is to ban mobile phones from the classroom and global studies show that New Zealand is not alone in this stance Mark Prensky (USA, 2004) and Mike Sharples (UK, 2005).
Can’t beat them, join themBlended learning experiences both inside and outside of the classroom.Ubiquitous Technology/Computing
Federal CommunicationCommission (FCC) The recently released National broadband plan made recommendations to the FCC to improve education in the US by supporting and promoting online learning through the expansion of broadband technology.
Embracing Response Units -Polling Everywhere.com Back Channeling -Backchannel is the practice of using networked computers to maintain a real- time online conversation alongside live spoken remarks. Wiffitti Research/Information Twitter Flickr Texting, Yes Texting!!!!! GPS
Most used apps Social Networking Pictures Texting, texting, texting !!!!!!! Internet Research Recording audio/video - podcasting Organizational tool-calendar, calculator, etc.
Cases of cell phones use as aninstructional tool K12 Cell Phones as Learning Tools – Liz Kolb Demonstration of using a cell phone in the classroom Math Dude videos for algebra – Montgomery Public Schools, Maryland Students in North Port, Fla. 3rd graders at Echo Hills Elementary School – web applications 6th graders in Boise, ID
Cases of cell phones use as aninstructional tool In AP Calculus in George Engels classroom- used outside of the classroom Principal’s opinion Lisa Neilsen – The Innovative Educator Eric Scheninger – New Milford High School Principal Adam Bello – eduTeacher.net Used in science to archive field trips Blended learning experiences both inside and outside of the classroom
New possibilities MLDs – Mobile Learning Devices – GoKnow.com Project K-Nect – Qualcomm Turning Technologies BlackBoard Mobile Learn Toobook Kurzweil Technologies
Pilot Programs – MLearning Toms River, New Jersey Northern Valley Regional High School in Old Tappan, NJ Spring Valley, Illinois Clarkstown Central Schools, New York St. Mary’s City (Ohio) School District Southgate Community Schools, Michigan Watkins Glen Middle School, New York Katy Independent School District, Texas Notre Dane High School, Sheffield, England
Reasons for cell phones in schoolsby Vickie Davis Save money Students stay organized Teaching students how to be digitally responsible Safety for students Privacy Faster information retrieval No strain on network or on IT Model for effective change and innovation
Policies Meigs Magnet School Logan City School District Crafting a workable cell phone policy St. Mary’s City Schools Pagers and Cell Phones on School Property
Policies Involved in cell phone policy development Parents Administrators Teachers Students
References Davis, Vickie. Cool Cat Teacher Blog: Making the Case for Cell Phones in Schools. http://colcatteacher.blogspot.com/2009/03/making-case-for-cell-phones-in- schools.html (March, 2009) Neilsen, Lisa. The Innovative Educators: 6 ways to Strengthen the Home-School Connection – http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2010/08/6-ways-to-use-cell- phones-to-strenghten-home-school-connection.html (August 2010) Richards, Rebekah. Pros of Cell Phones in Schools-Benefits of Phones for Students: http://www.suite101.com/content/pros-of-cell-phones-in-school---benefits-of-phones- for-students.html (April, 2004) Deubel, Patricia. Mobile Devices: Facing Challenges and Opportunities for Learning: http://thejournal.com/Articles/2009/03/19/Mobile-Devices-Facing-Challenges-and- Opprotunites-For-Learning.html (March, 2009) Abel, David. On iPod use, schools are calling the tune-Some hail benefits of such devices: (September 2010) Blackboard and Sprint Team up to bring mobile learning to students at no additional costs to schools. http://eon.businesswire.com/news/eon/20100322005998/en (March 2010)
References Malone, Tara and Black, Lisa. Cell phones increasingly a class act – after years of bans, many schools are allowing the devices to be used as academic tools. (October, 2010) Nobile, Jeremy. Stow third grade to try out mobile learning devices. (October 2010) Twiss, Toni. Mobile Phones in Classroom-Education Review Article (August, 2009) Corbeil, Joseph and Corbeil, Maria. Are you ready for mobile learning? Frequent use of mobile devices does not mean that students or instructors are ready for mobile learning and teaching. ( Quillen, Ian.: Schools Open Doors to Students’ Mobile Devices- More schools are doing an about-face as they change policies to allow the use of student-owned mobile devices in class. (October, 2010) Alex, Patrick. Cell phone ban in school doesn’t stop teens form texting in class. (October 2010)