Mobile Learning: Using Cell Phones as an Instructional Device


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  • “ What we ask on our tests when students come in with Google in their pockets? Will they be better questions than we ask today?”
  • – no cell phone cell phones banded – cell phones in the classroom
  • – complete banning of the cell phones Complete banning of usage during school Use during lunch and between classes
  • –Soloway Http:// – george engel While districts try to find additional funding for technology integration in the classroom, students are walking into the room with devices that are capable of providing a technology rich experience that is guided by the curriculum in the district. Ubiquitous computing ( ubicomp ) is a post-desktop model of human-computer interaction in which information processing has been thoroughly integrated into everyday objects and activities. In the course of ordinary activities, someone "using" ubiquitous computing engages many computational devices and systems simultaneously, and may not necessarily even be aware that they are doing so.
  • Jason- 19 year old college freshman, woke Friday morning to download this week’s US History podcast to his iPod the got in his car and listened to his professor’s test review session. Before exiting his car, he receives a text on his smartphone from classmate and student partner. Person had questions and wanted to meet in the library before the test. By the time he got to library his friend had their laptop open and was looking at the review notes and needed the answer for question 3. Then Jason IM the professor, then the professor replied for them to call him. Professor then told them to look in the western Expansion, to find the answer for question 3. They hang up and review the section of notes to find the answer.
  • Senior John Cram pulled out his phone during a lab experiment in his material science class this fall. He wanted to measure the porosity of a cupcake. Using the cell phone camera, he took a picture, emailed to himself and imported into Photoshop where he could precisely measure each air pocket to calculate the cupcake porosity.
  • Marc Prensky “ Digital natives are raised in a ubiquitous technology environment that they twitch-speed, multitask, random access, graphics first, active, connected, fun, fantasy, quick payoff world of video games, MTV and the Internet”.
  • Many of the apps are free from Apple and the Droid Market place. These apps could be used for differentiated instruction in learning centers, flash cards to reinforce lesson in class or for advance students a mode to move forward with their learn process. The devices are in the students pocket therefore can be done in school or at home.
  • Boise, ID: Ultimately the technology helped his prior year’s classes “achieve some of the highest Idaho State Achievement Test Scores in the state: 100 in reading , 95 in math and 95 in language arts. North Port, Fla: help increase the reading fluency of students involved with intensive reading classes. Listening to audio books.
  • GoKnow: Project K-Nect: NC schools for at-risk 9 th graders to increase math achievement in algebra BlackBoard Mobile Learn: Blackboard web-based system Toolbook: on iPhone and Android will benefit the blind, dyslexic, struggling readers, learners of a second language and learning disabled. Kurzweil: cell phone reads out loud in several languages and displays on screen what it is reading.
  • St Mary’s City (Ohio) School District – Dave Janosz at Northern Valley Regional High School “When you think of the options it might open up…it would be silly not to thee the discussion”. Watkins Glen video 1:24 – 4:35
  • Additional advantages: enhanced student-centered learning, support differentiated of student learning needs and personalized learning Facilitate collaboration through synchronous and asynchoronous communication
  • Mobile Learning: Using Cell Phones as an Instructional Device

    1. 1. NJPSA/FEA TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE 2011 MOBILE LEARNING - CELL PHONES AS AN INSTRUCTIONAL DEVICE Presented by: Sandi Paul Director of Technology Sayreville Public Schools October 12, 2011 Twitter: @spaul6414
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Increase in student cell phone ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Type of cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive and inappropriate use of cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Banning </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t beat them join them </li></ul><ul><li>Embracing </li></ul><ul><li>An instructional tool </li></ul><ul><li>District and School policies </li></ul>
    3. 3. Usage <ul><li>The numbers showed that cell phone users are significantly more likely to use their phones to take pictures (66 percent to now 76 percent), send or receive text messages (65 percent to now 72 percent), play games (27 percent to now 35 percent), send or receive e-mail (25 percent to now 34 percent), access the Internet (25 percent to now 38 percent), and record video (19 percent to now 34 percent). Pew Internet Report </li></ul>
    4. 4. Increase in student ownership <ul><li>Estimate 83% of 17 year olds across the country have a cell phone today by an April Pew Internet and American Life Project. </li></ul><ul><li>Among high school students 75%. </li></ul><ul><li>Among 12 year olds 58% up from 18% in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>42% of teenagers said they could text message blindfolded. </li></ul><ul><li>57% of Smartphone users and 29% of regular cell phone users said they carry their cell phone because it is how they stay connected to their &quot;world&quot;. </li></ul>
    5. 5. David Warlick
    6. 6. Types of cell phones <ul><li>iPhones/Apple </li></ul><ul><li>Google/Android/Droid devices </li></ul><ul><li>RIM devices (Blackberry) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Inappropriate usage <ul><li>Phones disrupting the classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Constant texting in the class </li></ul><ul><li>Cheating on tests/exams </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting issues in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying </li></ul>
    8. 8. Abuse <ul><li>Contact illegal parties outside of school. </li></ul><ul><li>Recording of teachers and other students </li></ul><ul><li>Used for gang communication </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up drug deals in a school </li></ul><ul><li>Calling a bomb scare </li></ul>
    9. 9. Banning <ul><li>Saranac Lake School Bans Cell Phones </li></ul><ul><li> Only during before, lunch and after school </li></ul><ul><li>Milwaukee Public Schools Ban Cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>House Bill 363 in Pa to ban use of beepers, celll phones, and portable deice that record, play audio or video material from school grounds. </li></ul><ul><li>The trend at most New Zealand schools is to ban mobile phones from the classroom and global studies show that New Zealand is not alone in this stance Mark Prensky (USA, 2004) and Mike Sharples (UK, 2005). </li></ul>
    10. 10. Appropriate Usage – Group Discussion <ul><li>Why do you have a cell phone? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone calls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Work versus Personal Cell Phone Usage <ul><ul><li>Phone calls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Productivity tools <ul><li>Personal and professional productivity tools </li></ul><ul><li>Professional ethics in education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology in school administrative role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Blogs on cell phones in school <ul><li>Lisa Neilsen – The Innovative Educator - Let Students Use Cell Phones to Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Ten reasons why cell phone should be allowed in school. </li></ul><ul><li>Vickie Davis – Cool CatTeacher </li></ul>
    14. 14. Can’t beat them, join them <ul><li>Blended learning experiences both inside and outside of the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous Technology/Computing </li></ul>
    15. 15. College Student Scenerio
    16. 16. High School Scenerio
    17. 17. Federal Communication Commission (FCC) <ul><li>The recently released National broadband plan made recommendations to the FCC to improve education in the US by supporting and promoting online learning through the expansion of broadband technology. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Marc Prenskey
    19. 19. Embracing <ul><li>Response Units - Polling </li></ul><ul><li>Back Channeling - Backchannel is the practice of using networked computers to maintain a real-time online conversation alongside live spoken remarks. Wiffitti </li></ul><ul><li>Research/Information </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Texting, Yes Texting!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Apps for productivity </li></ul>
    20. 20. Articles <ul><li>Business Week- Get Cell Phones into Schools </li></ul><ul><li> – Some Schools rethink bans on cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>NY Times – Going Mobile: Debating and using Cellphones in School </li></ul><ul><li>St. Petersburg Times – Some Tampa Bay high schools allow cell phones to be used in class </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Tribune – 10/9/11 – High School Open Doors to Cell Phone use. </li></ul>
    21. 22. Most used apps <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Texting, texting, texting !!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Research </li></ul><ul><li>Recording audio/video - podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational tool-calendar, calculator, etc. </li></ul>
    22. 23. Student apps
    23. 24. Teacher apps
    24. 25. Administrator apps Classroom WalkThroughs/Observations eg. Ecove, Teachscape, TPS Class, etc. Grades eg. PowerTeacher, Teacher Pal, Grades TS Lite, etc. New York Administrative Code – Law code Lynden Student Finder, PrinciPalm- PowerSchool Information System, Archarina –SIS, Checklist, &Planner-Tasks, Documents To Go, Pages, Google Doc, Google Translate, etc. ParentLink – Mobile,
    25. 26. Cases of cell phones use as an instructional tool <ul><li>K12 Cell Phones as Learning Tools – Liz Kolb </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration of using a cell phone in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Math Dude videos for algebra – Montgomery Public Schools, Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Students in North Port, Fla. </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd graders at Echo Hills Elementary School – web applications </li></ul><ul><li>6 th graders in Boise, ID </li></ul>
    26. 27. Cases of cell phones use as an instructional tool <ul><li>In AP Calculus in George Engels classroom- used outside of the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Principal’s opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Lisa Neilsen – The Innovative Educator </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Scheninger – New Milford High School Principal </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Bello – </li></ul><ul><li>Used in science to archive field trips </li></ul><ul><li>Blended learning experiences both inside and outside of the classroom </li></ul>
    27. 28. New possibilities <ul><li>MLDs – Mobile Learning Devices – </li></ul><ul><li>Project K-Nect – Qualcomm </li></ul><ul><li>Turning Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>BlackBoard Mobile Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Toolbook </li></ul><ul><li>Kurzweil Technologies </li></ul>
    28. 29. Pilot Programs – MLearning <ul><li>Toms River, New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Valley Regional High School in Old Tappan, NJ </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Valley, Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Clarkstown Central Schools, New York </li></ul><ul><li>St. Mary’s City (Ohio) School District </li></ul><ul><li>Southgate Community Schools, Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Watkins Glen Middle School, New York </li></ul><ul><li>Katy Independent School District, Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Notre Dane High School, Sheffield, England </li></ul>
    29. 30. Reasons for cell phones in schools by Vickie Davis <ul><li>Save money </li></ul><ul><li>Students stay organized </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching students how to be digitally responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Safety for students </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Faster information retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>No strain on network or on IT </li></ul><ul><li>Model for effective change and innovation </li></ul>
    30. 31. MOBILE DEVICE USAGE IN SCHOOLS <ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible 1 to 1 initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper usage of cell phones/mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used before classes, during lunch and after school </li></ul></ul>
    31. 32. Policies <ul><li>Meigs Magnet School </li></ul><ul><li>Logan City School District </li></ul><ul><li>Crafting a workable cell phone policy </li></ul><ul><li>St. Mary’s City Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Pagers and Cell Phones on School Property </li></ul>
    32. 34. Policies <ul><li>Involved in cell phone policy development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul></ul>
    33. 35. <ul><ul><li>Eschool News Article: Schools still conflicted about Web 2.0 Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Web 2.0 as a Force for Transforming Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  AUPs in a Web 2.0 world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Executive Director of American Association of School Administrators opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Ed Week: Schools opening doors to student mobile devices </li></ul></ul>Articles/Research of Web 2.0 & mobile devices
    34. 36. EXAMPLES OF AUPS <ul><ul><li>St. Elizabeth's AUP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bellingham Public School AUP-unacceptable behavior in a generic manner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Littleton Public School District and Broward County Public Schools - student committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dysert School District - includes microblogging, mobile devices, social networking and staff websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duxbury Public Schools - contains language specific to Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warwick School District - contains a policy on cyberbullying and related matters </li></ul></ul>
    35. 37. <ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking sites </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Global collaboration and communication </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying (HIB guidelines) </li></ul>Acceptable Use Policy - Suggestions
    36. 38. YOU DECIDE!!!
    37. 39. References <ul><li>Davis, Vickie. Cool Cat Teacher Blog: Making the Case for Cell Phones in Schools. (March, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Neilsen, Lisa. The Innovative Educators: 6 ways to Strengthen the Home-School Connection – (August 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Richards, Rebekah. Pros of Cell Phones in Schools-Benefits of Phones for Students: (April, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Deubel, Patricia. Mobile Devices: Facing Challenges and Opportunities for Learning: (March, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Abel, David. On iPod use, schools are calling the tune-Some hail benefits of such devices: (September 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard and Sprint Team up to bring mobile learning to students at no additional costs to schools. (March 2010) </li></ul>
    38. 40. References <ul><li>Malone, Tara and Black, Lisa. Cell phones increasingly a class act – after years of bans, many schools are allowing the devices to be used as academic tools. (October, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Nobile, Jeremy. Stow third grade to try out mobile learning devices. (October 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Twiss, Toni. Mobile Phones in Classroom-Education Review Article (August, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Corbeil, Joseph and Corbeil, Maria. Are you ready for mobile learning? Frequent use of mobile devices does not mean that students or instructors are ready for mobile learning and teaching. ( </li></ul><ul><li>Quillen, Ian.: Schools Open Doors to Students’ Mobile Devices- More schools are doing an about-face as they change policies to allow the use of student-owned mobile devices in class. (October, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Alex, Patrick. Cell phone ban in school doesn’t stop teens form texting in class. (October 2010) </li></ul>
    39. 41. Thank You! <ul><li>Contact Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: @spaul6414 </li></ul><ul><li>Website: </li></ul><ul><li>Work Phone: 732-316-2819 P.Cell: 201-602-5041 </li></ul>