Nanotechnology could bring another revolution to the world
of material science ,much like biotechnology or
genetechnology ...
• Origin in late 1980”s , at Toyota Central Research
Labs ,Japan.
• Toyota achieved the first develpoment with
nanoclay th...
• Effectiveness of reinforcing fillers
• Effectiveness with dispersion in
polymer matrix.
• Stronger ,lighter,less expensi...
Nanofillers have for many years had a high
significance in the plastics industry.
Nanofillers are basically understood to ...
Polymer Nanofiller composites are the of emerging
material
Its enhancing the mechanical & barrier Properties and
minimal i...
It is Platy and thickness of one atom is relatively equal to or less than
1nm.Its aspect ratio is 1000:1 because it is Hyd...
Domains Of Nanoparticles & Clusters With Different
Structures: 
a) Molecules= (~1 to 10 atoms)
b) Clusters= (~10 to 103 at...
COVERING (0-D)
NANOFILLERS
NANOLAYER/NANODIS
CS (2-D)
NANORODS/NANOFIBRE
S(1-D)
INTERPENETRATING
NETWORKS (3-D)
• CARBON BLACK
• CLAYS
• CALCIUM CARBONATE
• OXIDES
• TALC
• NANOTUBES
• CERAMIC NANO FIBERS
Nanomaterials
What  are Nano-clay 
                                 Nano clays are minerals which have a high
aspect ratio and with at l...
Improved polymer stiffness.
Improve Heat deflection temperature.
Improved dimension stability.
Improved barrier property.
...
FILMS MARKET
AUTOMOTIVE
Motor vehicles
Engine & fuel systems
Exterior & interior part
Foto: Link•Wrapping films for food i...
Before using nanofillers and
nanoadditives, the user shall determine
the suitability of the product for its
intended use, ...
We feel that we have a compounding process that
can exfoliate and disperse nano clays into Nylons.
Crosslinking of nano cl...
Websites
Google.com
Dupont.com
Nanotech.com
Book’s
PVC technology by W.V Titow
Polymer additives
Plastic material by J.Y B...
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
Nano fillers
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Nano fillers

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Nanotechnology could bring another revolution to the world of material science ,much like biotechnology or genetechnology has already done .This sophisticated technology involves adding relatively small amount (<10 %)of specially treated nano-scale clay particles to a variety of plastics. It has the potential to dramatically improve polymer performances including heat resistance , barrier properties , strength, stiffness or dimensional stability ,as well as flame retardancy . All of these performance benefits are available without increasing the density or reducing the light transmission properties of the base polymer

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  1. 1. Nanotechnology could bring another revolution to the world of material science ,much like biotechnology or genetechnology has already done .This sophisticated technology involves adding relatively small amount (<10 %)of specially treated nano-scale clay particles to a variety of plastics. It has the potential to dramatically improve polymer performances including heat resistance , barrier properties , strength, stiffness or dimensional stability ,as well as flame retardancy . All of these performance benefits are available without increasing the density or reducing the light transmission properties of the base polymer. Nanotechnology
  2. 2. • Origin in late 1980”s , at Toyota Central Research Labs ,Japan. • Toyota achieved the first develpoment with nanoclay that it has been used as a Nanofillers,before more than 10 years.
  3. 3. • Effectiveness of reinforcing fillers • Effectiveness with dispersion in polymer matrix. • Stronger ,lighter,less expensive,more versatile and reliable.
  4. 4. Nanofillers have for many years had a high significance in the plastics industry. Nanofillers are basically understood to be additives in solid form, improvements in certain mechanical or physical properties. The activity of active fillers filling of a certain volume and disruption of the conformational position of a polymer matrix, and also the immobilization of adjacent molecule groups and possible orientation of the polymer material.
  5. 5. Polymer Nanofiller composites are the of emerging material Its enhancing the mechanical & barrier Properties and minimal increase in the density. It occupy best market in automotive &Film market
  6. 6. It is Platy and thickness of one atom is relatively equal to or less than 1nm.Its aspect ratio is 1000:1 because it is Hydrophilic. It is not compatible with most use Ammonia cation. Now,Montmorrilonite become treated polymer and it is already chemically modified. It consist of cation on surface but cation exchange properties is weak so as to ehance the exchange prop.We & it is incorporated in polymer during polymerization.To minimize the attractive forces between two agglomerated palletets and distance between two pallets in 3.5 angstrom.And typically a distance of 20 angstrom can be achieved. This process of separating the nano clay platelets is referred to as the intercalation process. (See Figure 1) Without this separation, the nano clay is not capable of allowing the monomer or polymer to penetrate between the platelet layers. The distance between the platelets can be further separated at this point by absorbing monomer into the gallery.When the monomer is polymerized the forces of polymerization forces the pallets further apart. Figure2
  7. 7. Domains Of Nanoparticles & Clusters With Different Structures:  a) Molecules= (~1 to 10 atoms) b) Clusters= (~10 to 103 atoms)  c) Particles= (~103 to 105 atoms) d) Bulk= (~105 atoms and larger)
  8. 8. COVERING (0-D) NANOFILLERS NANOLAYER/NANODIS CS (2-D) NANORODS/NANOFIBRE S(1-D) INTERPENETRATING NETWORKS (3-D)
  9. 9. • CARBON BLACK • CLAYS • CALCIUM CARBONATE • OXIDES • TALC • NANOTUBES • CERAMIC NANO FIBERS Nanomaterials
  10. 10. What  are Nano-clay                                   Nano clays are minerals which have a high aspect ratio and with at least one dimension of the particle in the nanometer range. The purity and cation exchange capacity of the nano clay are also critical characteristics. The purity is important in achieving maximum increases in mechanical properties and achieving optimum clarity for use in films. Impurities act as stress concentrators, resulting in poor impact and tensile properties. Impurities in film applications contribute to increased haze. The cation exchange capacity provides the surface activity necessary for acceptance of modifiers or surface treatments.
  11. 11. Improved polymer stiffness. Improve Heat deflection temperature. Improved dimension stability. Improved barrier property. Improved electrical conductivity. Improved flame retardancy.
  12. 12. FILMS MARKET AUTOMOTIVE Motor vehicles Engine & fuel systems Exterior & interior part Foto: Link•Wrapping films for food industry. •In food packaging.
  13. 13. Before using nanofillers and nanoadditives, the user shall determine the suitability of the product for its intended use, and user assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in connection therewith. 
  14. 14. We feel that we have a compounding process that can exfoliate and disperse nano clays into Nylons. Crosslinking of nano clay filled Nylon 6 will increase the mechanical properties another 5 to 10 percent. The crosslinker we used appears to help in the exfoliation of the clay and make it more compatible with Nylon 12. We need to investigate the mechanism causing the crosslinker to act as a compatiblizer in Nylon12
  15. 15. Websites Google.com Dupont.com Nanotech.com Book’s PVC technology by W.V Titow Polymer additives Plastic material by J.Y Bridson Encyclopedia reference book

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