WORDS THEY USE IN EXAMS?METHODS:May 19, 2013 1•If the question says methods what do I talk about?•Language (formal and informal language of characters showswhat? /Use of symbolism / imagery/dramatic irony)•Structure (Time repeats itself in play/whodunit graduallyreveals characters involvement creating tension/ splitting apartfamily)•Stage Directions (Lighting/props/photo/doorbell/setting)•Tone / Style: Satire – criticizing views of certain people insociety in 1912-1945, morality play , whodunit
May 19, 2013 2• For example:• Stage- Directions• Refer to the lighting of the room, how it sets the tone of the play. Whatdoes the description rose-tinted mean to you?• why Inspector Goole visits• One or two sentences about Gerald’s discovery of the Inspector later in theplayStyle /ToneThis is a Morality Play:Instruct audiences about how man should choose to be good over thetemptations of evil.
THE DOORBELL AS A DRAMATICDEVICE P11May 19, 2013 3“a man has to mind his own business and look afterhimself and his own- and-”We hear the sharp ring of a doorbell“That’ll stop me giving you good advice… feelingcontented, for once, I wanted you to have thebenefit of my experience.”The doorbell stops Birling’s pompous speech; it isalmost a signal for the audience, indicating thatthere is going to be a sudden end to his selfishways.
May 19, 2013 4“unless Eric’s been up to something…”This little comment creates tension, the title of theplay and Eric’s reaction to these words suggestthat there has been some sort of crime committed.“Give us some more light” p11The word light can be taken metaphorically orliterally; light as in turning on a lamp or light as infinding out the truth. Compare this comment to the‘pink’ lighting on page 1. Have you ever heard thesaying ‘rose-tinted glasses’?
INSPECTOR GOOLE’S ARRIVALMay 19, 2013 5“Creates an impression of massiveness, solidity and purposefulness… plain darkishsuit.” p11His description creates a serious character, the word ‘purposefulness’ suggeststhat he has a job to do and he will get it done. The audience expect this characterto create some action in the play. The inspector is a catalyst (creates movement,action) for the events in the play.
May 19, 2013M MULLIGAN FPHS 6The name Goole is also a homophone (a word that sounds the same as another) for theword ghoul. How do his actions and description live up to this idea that he is almostghost-like? What impression does he give the audience?“(Cutting through massively)” p12Again, he interrupts bumbling Birling, reminding us of the doorbell and the powerfulpresence he has in the room.
MR BIRLING’S ATTEMPTS TOINTIMIDATE THE INSPECTORMay 19, 2013 7“Perhaps I ought to warn you that he’s an oldfriend of mine… we play golf together…” p16This comment shows how pretentious Birling is.He thinks that his position in society giveshim power, even over the law.Also, the fact that the inspector doesn’t “seemuch” of Chief Constable Colonel Roberts andthe emphasis on his name (the inspector evenspells it out), are little hints that suggest hemay have a ghost like quality about him. Theaudience feel the sense of mystery about him.
THE PHOTOGRAPH(S)?May 19, 2013 8“Inspector: interposes himself between them (Ericand Gerald) and the photograph” p12“one person at a time, that’s the way I like to dothings.” p12Shows he is very thorough and in control. He is alsoshowing his authority to the Birling’s; they areused to being in charge, look at Birling’s threatsearlier. Imagine you are sat in the audience,someone whispers to their friend next to them;‘what if there is more than one photo?’ What isthe reaction of the audience?Also, think about what happens when each person isshown a photo. The audience begin to associatethis prop with bad news.
SHEILA’S EXIT P21May 19, 2013 9“Sheila: (staring at him agitated) when was this?Inspector: (impressively) At the end of January-last year”Actions are a major part of a play, they add tensionto a scene. Sheila’s reaction immediately tells theaudience that she had some part in Eva’s sacking,it also shows her upset and worry at being involvedin a young girl’s death.Look at the inspector’s actions, what does the wordimpressively mean?
P21May 19, 2013 10Inspector: …I’ll show youHe moves nearer a light… she crosses to him…These stage directions or actions create a slightpause before the photo is shown to Sheila. Theaudience are waiting with anticipation, they areexpecting a reaction or some sort ofacknowledgement from Sheila. Again, the use oflight refers to the truth coming about...she looks closely, recognises it with a little cry,gives a half-stifled sob, and then runs outSheila’s reaction is very different to Birling’s. Whydo you think this is? The movement on such acomposed and still stage adds more drama andexcitement to the scene.
THEN EVERYONE LEAVES APART FROMGERALD AND ERICMay 19, 2013 11P21 Gerald: I’d like to have a look at that photo now…Inspector: all in good timep22 Inspector to Eric:If you turn in, you might have to turn out again soonThe contrast of the dramatic exit of Sheila, followedby her father, and the uncomfortable and calmmoment after he has left creates a lot of tension.The words exchanged between Eric, Gerald and theinspector ‘hook’ the audience in, they are nowwaiting or expecting to see how Eric and Gerald areimplicated in Eva Smith’s death.
INSPECTOR’S FINAL COMMENTARYAND HIS FINAL EXIT P55May 19, 2013 12“Inspector: (taking charge, masterfully) Stop!”This sudden outburst from such a calm and controlledcharacter grabs the attention of the Birlings andthe audience. The contrasting quietness after thesquabbling of the family creates an idealatmosphere for the purposeful speech from theinspector.As he speaks to them one by one, you can imaginethem lined up like a police inspection, this is areminder for the audience, how each of them wereinvolved in the death of a young woman before weare expected to make a final decision as to who isguilty. Who killed Eva Smith?
May 19, 2013 13“Just remember this…there are millions andmillions and millions of Eva Smiths and JohnSmiths still left with us…We are members of onebody… If men will not learn that lesson then theywill be taught it in fire, and blood and anguish.”There is a message for the Birlings as well as theaudience. What does the inspector mean by fire,blood and anguish? Who or what is theinspector? How does this speech contrast withBirling’s first speech on pages 9&10?Have the Birling’s learned their lesson?
WHAT ARE THE BIRLING’S THOUGHTS ANDFEELINGS TOWARDS THEIR ACTIONS?HAVE THEY LEARNED THEIR LESSON?May 19, 2013 141. Find two quotes to show each of the family’s reactions. One when theinspector is in the room and another when he has left. Are their reactionssincere (do they really feel bad about what has happened)?2. Why do the younger members of the family seem to have more sympathy andunderstanding than Sybil and Birling? (Think about the historical and socialcontext.)
C GRADE OR ABOVE:May 19, 201315• (P)Priestley portrays the character of ArthurBirling as foolish and arrogant when hedescribes the Titanic as (E)‘absolutelyunsinkable.’ (E) Priestly here uses dramaticirony to emphasize Birling’s misplaced overconfidence in technological advancement. Theaudience watching in 1945 know that he will beproved incorrect by the events of 1912.Effectively this use of irony undermines his othercomments such as… and makes us question hisjudgement and nature.
SELFISHNESS: MRS BIRLINGMay 19, 2013 16• (P) Mrs Birling is portrayed by Priestley as anextremely selfish and vindictive woman (E) “Sheseemed to be not a good case and I used myinfluence to have it refused” (E) Her commentsreveal to the audience how she is willing to abuseher power or ‘influence’ based on her prejudicestowards Eva and women of the lower classes.Effectively her charity work is just a mask toenhance her reputation and alleviate her consciencelike. In my opinion her real motives are self interestand when she takes personal offence to Eva’s‘impertinent’ use of her surname she is determinedto get her turned down.