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Dictionary of ancient egypt


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a simple dictionary for primary age children

a simple dictionary for primary age children

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  • 1. Dictionary ofAncient Egypt
    S Westwood 2010
  • 2. ankh
    A symbol of ‘eternallife
    S Westwood 2010
  • 3. archeologistA person who looks for and studies artifacts from long ago.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 4. artifactsomething e.g. a pot, tool, statue - that tells us about the past.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 5. Canopic jars Vessels containing the inner organs of the deceased, generally four, in the form of the sons of Horus .
    S Westwood 2010
  • 6. cartouche The name of a pharaoh in hieroglyphs surrounded by an oval band.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 7. ChariotA two wheeled horse drawn vehicle.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 8. crown
    Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs wore a crown or a head-cloth. The most important of these was the double crown it meant the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 9. cubit
    A unit of measure
    1) Short cubit: 6 hands = 24 fingers;
    2) Royal cubit : 7 hands = 28 fingers - 52.3 cm
    S Westwood 2010
  • 10. Eye of Horus
    A picture of the eye of the very important god Horus .
    A symbol of protection and truth.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 11. Gods & Goddesses
    God of the Dead
    has the head of a jackal
    cat headed
    Goddess of the home
    a gentle protective goddess
    S Westwood 2010
  • 12. Gods & Goddesses
    falcon headed god
    looked after the pharaohs
    wife of Osiris
    Goddess of women and children
    S Westwood 2010
  • 13. Osiris
    God of death and rebirth,
    the underworld and the Earth.
    Ra was the sun god
    Man with hawk head and headdress with a sun disk .
    S Westwood 2010
  • 14. hieroglyphics-
    a way of writing that uses pictures
    to show words or sounds.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 15. Howard Carter
    An English archeologist who worked in Egypt looking for artifacts. Howard Carter and Lord Caenarvon discovered Tutankamen ‘s tomb on November 4th 1922.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 16. Karnak
    A city of temples near the ancient city of Thebes. Thebes is now called Luxor.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 17. Memphis
    Old Kingdom capital of Egypt
    (near Cairo).
    S Westwood 2010
  • 18. mummy
    mummification - Ancient Egyptian method of preserving dead bodies.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 19. Nile
    The river that runs through the middle of Egypt.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 20. Nilometer
    Marks on river side rocks that recorded the height of the Nile flood each year but the most important ones were at Elephantine Island.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 21. Pharaoh
    Name for the King of Egypt.
    It means “Great House” or “Palace”.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 22. Queens of Egypt
    Ancient Egypt had some very powerful queens.
    Queen of Egypt in 51 BC. Later ruled with her brothers Ptolemy X111 and Ptolemy X1V.
    Queen of Pharaoh Akhenaten
    1352- 1336 BC.
    Queen of Egypt from about
    1473 – 1458 BC.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 23. Rameses ,Ramesis, Ramesses, Ramses Ramsis
    These were the names of Pharaohs who reigned during the New Kingdom, 19th and 20th dynasty.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 24. pyramid
    A structure containing the burial rooms of pharaohs.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 25. sarcophagus
    a stone coffin
    S Westwood 2010
  • 26. scarab
    Sacred Egyptian symbol of a beetle. It was a protector of written products
    S Westwood 2010
  • 27. Senet
    A race game played in Ancient Egypt. The original rules are still unknown though boards and playing pieces have been found.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 28. Thebes
    An important city on the Nile.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 29. Ushabti
    It means “the one who answers”. The ushabti is small statue , sometimes in the form of a mummy, that was placed in a tomb.
    They were thought to take care of or do work for the mummy in their afterlife.
    S Westwood 2010
  • 30. Valley of the Kings
    The valley on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor with ancient tombs that once contained mummies and valuables
    S Westwood 2010
  • 31. Valley of the Queens
    Close to the Valley of the Kings. Burial tombs of ancient Queens.
    S Westwood 2010