Dictionary of ancient egypt


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a simple dictionary for primary age children

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Dictionary of ancient egypt

  1. 1. Dictionary ofAncient Egypt<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  2. 2. ankh<br />A symbol of ‘eternallife <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  3. 3. archeologistA person who looks for and studies artifacts from long ago.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  4. 4. artifactsomething e.g. a pot, tool, statue - that tells us about the past. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  5. 5. Canopic jars Vessels containing the inner organs of the deceased, generally four, in the form of the sons of Horus .<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  6. 6. cartouche The name of a pharaoh in hieroglyphs surrounded by an oval band.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  7. 7. ChariotA two wheeled horse drawn vehicle. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  8. 8. crown<br />Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs wore a crown or a head-cloth. The most important of these was the double crown it meant the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  9. 9. cubit <br />A unit of measure<br />1) Short cubit: 6 hands = 24 fingers; <br />2) Royal cubit : 7 hands = 28 fingers - 52.3 cm <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  10. 10. Eye of Horus <br />A picture of the eye of the very important god Horus .<br />A symbol of protection and truth.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  11. 11. Gods & Goddesses<br />Anubis<br />God of the Dead <br />has the head of a jackal<br />Bastet<br />cat headed <br />Goddess of the home<br />a gentle protective goddess<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  12. 12. Gods & Goddesses<br /> <br />Horus <br />falcon headed god <br />looked after the pharaohs<br />Isis<br />wife of Osiris<br />Goddess of women and children<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  13. 13. Osiris <br />God of death and rebirth, <br />the underworld and the Earth.<br />Ra<br />Ra was the sun god<br />Man with hawk head and headdress with a sun disk .<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  14. 14. hieroglyphics- <br />a way of writing that uses pictures <br />to show words or sounds.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  15. 15. Howard Carter <br />An English archeologist who worked in Egypt looking for artifacts. Howard Carter and Lord Caenarvon discovered Tutankamen ‘s tomb on November 4th 1922. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  16. 16. Karnak <br />A city of temples near the ancient city of Thebes. Thebes is now called Luxor.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  17. 17. Memphis<br />Old Kingdom capital of Egypt <br />(near Cairo). <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  18. 18. mummy<br />mummification - Ancient Egyptian method of preserving dead bodies. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  19. 19. Nile<br />The river that runs through the middle of Egypt.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  20. 20. Nilometer<br />Marks on river side rocks that recorded the height of the Nile flood each year but the most important ones were at Elephantine Island.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  21. 21. Pharaoh <br />Name for the King of Egypt. <br />It means “Great House” or “Palace”.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  22. 22. Queens of Egypt <br />Ancient Egypt had some very powerful queens.<br />Cleopatra<br />Queen of Egypt in 51 BC. Later ruled with her brothers Ptolemy X111 and Ptolemy X1V. <br />Nefertiti<br />Queen of Pharaoh Akhenaten <br />1352- 1336 BC. <br />Hatshepsut<br />Queen of Egypt from about <br />1473 – 1458 BC.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  23. 23. Rameses ,Ramesis, Ramesses, Ramses Ramsis<br />These were the names of Pharaohs who reigned during the New Kingdom, 19th and 20th dynasty.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  24. 24. pyramid<br />A structure containing the burial rooms of pharaohs.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  25. 25. sarcophagus <br />a stone coffin<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  26. 26. scarab<br />Sacred Egyptian symbol of a beetle. It was a protector of written products<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  27. 27. Senet<br />A race game played in Ancient Egypt. The original rules are still unknown though boards and playing pieces have been found. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  28. 28. Thebes<br />An important city on the Nile.<br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  29. 29. Ushabti<br />It means “the one who answers”. The ushabti is small statue , sometimes in the form of a mummy, that was placed in a tomb. <br />They were thought to take care of or do work for the mummy in their afterlife. <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  30. 30. Valley of the Kings <br />. <br />The valley on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor with ancient tombs that once contained mummies and valuables <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />
  31. 31. Valley of the Queens <br />Close to the Valley of the Kings. Burial tombs of ancient Queens.<br /> <br />S Westwood 2010 <br />