Christian Pontasch, 21st March 2011<br />Referendum on 5th May 2011<br />What is the “Alternative Vote“ and do we want it?...
CONTENT<br />Whatis a referendum?<br />Whatarewevoting on?<br />Electoral Systems<br />Comparison<br />Ourchoice<br />Conc...
Directdemocracy<br />Express yourview on a specificissue<br />- - - - - - - - - - - - - - <br />Agenda setting<br />Are yo...
“When you come to vote you will be asked to vote 	‘Yes’ or ‘No’to this simplequestion:<br />Do you want the United Kingdom...
Source: Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill<br />
Source: International Institute for Democracy andElectoral Assistance, 2005<br />
Countries & Total Population<br />Source: International Institute for Democracy andElectoral Assistance, 2005<br />
UK General Election 2010<br />Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/election_2010/8644480.stm<br />
THE BALLOT<br />FPTP<br />Voteforoneoption<br />AV<br />Rank anynumberofoptions in yourorder ofpreference<br />
ElectionResults FPTP<br />FPTP<br />Voteforoneoption<br />Total Vote: 72,356<br />(Majority: 36,179)<br />Source: Farrell ...
ElectionResults AV<br />Buzz 14,410<br />Bambi 309<br />Arielle 1,187<br />Simba 2,235<br />Pocahontas 29,060<br />Pocahon...
FPTPAV<br /><ul><li>Clear-cut choice
Strong governments (incl. </li></ul>		strong opposition)<br /><ul><li>Simple to use and</li></ul>		understand<br />- - - -...
Wastedvotes, vote-splitting
Disproportional results
Related-interest</li></ul>representation<br /><ul><li>Second preferences
Increases consent
Incentives for</li></ul>accomodatoryand<br />cooperative politics<br />- - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br /><ul><li>Disproport...
Literacy/Numeracy</li></li></ul><li>Verysimilarelectoralsystems<br />Whatabout proportional representation?<br />FPTP:	Sim...
SOURCES<br />European CentreforParliamentary Research andDocumentation, 2000. The ECPRD: Electoral Systems in Europe. Brus...
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Referendum presentation - citizenship

  1. 1. Christian Pontasch, 21st March 2011<br />Referendum on 5th May 2011<br />What is the “Alternative Vote“ and do we want it?<br />
  2. 2. CONTENT<br />Whatis a referendum?<br />Whatarewevoting on?<br />Electoral Systems<br />Comparison<br />Ourchoice<br />Conclusion<br />Sources<br />Questions?<br />
  3. 3. Directdemocracy<br />Express yourview on a specificissue<br />- - - - - - - - - - - - - - <br />Agenda setting<br />Are youcompetentenoughto express yourview?<br />THE REFERENDUM<br />
  4. 4. “When you come to vote you will be asked to vote ‘Yes’ or ‘No’to this simplequestion:<br />Do you want the United Kingdom to adopt the'alternative vote' systeminstead of the current 'first past the post' systemfor electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons?”<br />Source: http://www.yestofairervotes.org/pages/why-a-referendum<br />THE QUESTION<br />Source: http://www.yestofairervotes.org/pages/why-a-referendum<br />
  5. 5. Source: Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Source: International Institute for Democracy andElectoral Assistance, 2005<br />
  8. 8. Countries & Total Population<br />Source: International Institute for Democracy andElectoral Assistance, 2005<br />
  9. 9. UK General Election 2010<br />Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/election_2010/8644480.stm<br />
  10. 10. THE BALLOT<br />FPTP<br />Voteforoneoption<br />AV<br />Rank anynumberofoptions in yourorder ofpreference<br />
  11. 11. ElectionResults FPTP<br />FPTP<br />Voteforoneoption<br />Total Vote: 72,356<br />(Majority: 36,179)<br />Source: Farrell (2001), p. 58<br />
  12. 12. ElectionResults AV<br />Buzz 14,410<br />Bambi 309<br />Arielle 1,187<br />Simba 2,235<br />Pocahontas 29,060<br />Pocahontas 29,413<br />Pocahontas 30,400<br />Nemo 36,423<br />Nemo 26,516<br />Nemo 26,739<br />Nemo 27,546<br />Pocahontas 35,933<br />Buzz 13,800<br />Buzz 13,969<br />Simba 1,793<br />Total Vote: 72,356<br />(Majority: 36,179)<br />AV<br />Rank anynumberofoptions in yourorder ofpreference<br />Source: Farrell (2001), p. 58<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. FPTPAV<br /><ul><li>Clear-cut choice
  15. 15. Strong governments (incl. </li></ul> strong opposition)<br /><ul><li>Simple to use and</li></ul> understand<br />- - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br /><ul><li>Excludes smaller parties/</li></ul>minority representation<br /><ul><li>Excludes women
  16. 16. Wastedvotes, vote-splitting
  17. 17. Disproportional results
  18. 18. Related-interest</li></ul>representation<br /><ul><li>Second preferences
  19. 19. Increases consent
  20. 20. Incentives for</li></ul>accomodatoryand<br />cooperative politics<br />- - - - - - - - - - - - - -<br /><ul><li>Disproportional results
  21. 21. Literacy/Numeracy</li></li></ul><li>Verysimilarelectoralsystems<br />Whatabout proportional representation?<br />FPTP: Simple, strong governments<br />Exclusive, disproportional<br />AV: Increasesconsent, fosterscooperationamongstparties<br />Difficult, disproportional (sometimesevencomparedto FPTP)<br />CONCLUSION<br />
  22. 22. SOURCES<br />European CentreforParliamentary Research andDocumentation, 2000. The ECPRD: Electoral Systems in Europe. Brussels: ECPRD<br />Farrell, D. M., 2001. Electoral Systems – A ComparativeIntroduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave<br />Heywood, A. (2000). Key Concepts in Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.<br />International Institute for Democracy andElectoral Assistance, 2005. Electoral System Design: The New International IDEA Handbook. Stockholm: IDEA<br />Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill<br />Reynolds, Joe, 2011. Lecture: Political Ideals – Authority andLegitimacy. (02/02/2011)<br />Robinson, C., 2010. Electoral Systems andVoting in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press<br />Inter-Parliamentary Union/Union Interparlementaire: http://www.ipu.org/english/home.htm<br />http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/elections/upcoming-elections-and-referendums/uk/referendum<br />http://www.yestofairervotes.org/content/<br />http://www.no2av.org/<br />
  23. 23. QUESTIONS?<br />
  24. 24. THE ISSUE OF REPRESENTATION<br />Source: Joe Reynolds, Lecture: Political Ideals – Authority andLegitimacy, 02/02/2011<br />
  25. 25. Source: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2005<br />
  26. 26. Source: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2005<br />
  27. 27. Source: INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION<br />http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/parlinesearch.asp<br />
  28. 28. FPTP: First Pastthe Post<br />TRS: TwoRound System<br />AV: Alternative Vote<br />BV: Block Vote<br />PBV: Party Block Vote<br />PARALLEL: PR andother<br />MMP: Mixed Member Proportional<br />LIST PR: Party List<br />STV: Single Transferable Vote<br />SNTV: Single Non-Transferable Vote<br />LV: Limited Vote<br />BC: Borda Count<br />Glossary<br />
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