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Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
Applied science research methods
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Applied science research methods

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  • 1. Finding information<br />Applied Science<br />
  • 2. Information search<br />
  • 3. Stage 1. Plan <br />Think of key concept.<br />Define key elements, sub-topics.<br />Identify key words, phrases, people<br />List associated/alternative words, spellings<br />Set limits: time, place<br />
  • 4. Map your ideas<br />
  • 5. Stage 2: Search Library Internet<br />Lending/Reference books<br />Magazines<br />DVDs<br />Online resources<br />Study space<br />Search a variety of online resources on the:<br /><ul><li>surface web
  • 6. deep web</li></li></ul><li>Searching the web<br />Popular search engines<br />Bing http://www.bing.com<br />Google http://www.google.com<br />The surface web may not present all the results you expect or<br />require. Often information is hidden deeper and within special<br />Databases.<br />The deep web contains information that cannot easily be <br />found or retrieved by search engines as the information is <br />stored and contained within databases.<br />
  • 7. Access identification<br />Open Athens / MyAthens<br />http://www.openathens.net<br />Apply for an account<br />Login to MyAthens<br />Enter Username<br />Enter password<br />Select resources<br />Secure/remote access<br />
  • 8. Library catalogue Virtual Learning<br />D2L<br />https://d2l.stevenson.ac.uk<br />Visit <br />Student Pages<br />Learning Resources Centres<br />Online resources<br />Useful links<br />Heritage Online<br />http://www.stevenson.ac.uk/heritage<br />Find links <br /><ul><li>Search by author, title, keyword</li></ul>.<br /><ul><li>Try an Advanced Search</li></ul>Search term: *<br />Field : All fields <br />Medium: Web site<br />
  • 9. Databases<br />Search some of the databases that follow.<br />(All these databases are listed on the library catalogue).<br />
  • 10. Electronic Books<br />Ebrary<br />http://site.ebrary.com/lib/stevenson/home.action<br />Search over 3000 titles: <br /> eg. astronomy, evolution, human biology, polymers<br />Browse – all subjects <br /> select a subject: eg. Science<br /> then select a sub-category: physics<br /> select a title & read text on screen <br />***Athens account required to access Bookshelf and highlighter pen**<br />Watch the training video: http://www.ebrary.com/corp/collateral/flash/QuickStart/<br />
  • 11. Historic books<br />JISC Historic Books http://www.jischistoricbooks.ac.uk<br />Sign in as “Stevenson College Edinburgh”<br />Then OpenAthens username and password<br />View as text or image<br />pre 20th century texts eg.<br />Darwin, D (1882), Formation of vegetable mould….<br />Galilei, Galileo(1730) mathematical discourses concerning 2 new sciences<br />
  • 12. General reference works<br />Credo Reference<br />http://www.credoreference.com<br />- Search, browse, topic pages, find a book,<br /> - gadgets (Conversions eg. temperature : celsius - fahrenheit<br /> - concept map <br />Oxford Reference Online<br />http://www.oxfordreference.com<br />- search, browse, timelines (scientists, inventions)<br /> - individual books, Visual English Dictionary, etc<br />KnowUK<br />http://www.knowuk.co.uk<br />- search & refine, browse eg Dolly the Sheep<br /> - Social trends, Dictionary of Science & Technology, etc<br />
  • 13. Journals and newspapers<br />Gale databases<br />http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/stevensc<br />Articles from newspapers, magazines <br />Full-text articles available.<br />Search<br />eg. Roslin Institute<br />Browse subjects eg. radiation<br />Browse publications: <br />eg. Biochemistry & Cell Biology<br />Advanced search: <br /> renewables(keyword) +<br /> Scotsman (publication title)<br />
  • 14. Journal archives<br />Archives give access to older articles - up until about mid 1990s<br />JISC Journal Archives<br />http://www.jiscjournalarchives.ac.uk<br />Search eg. bunsen burner, Kelvin<br /> - summary panel offers link to download pdf<br /> - IoP, RSC, ICE, OUP, Brill, Proquest<br />*** Athens username required***<br />Periodicals Archive Online<br />http://pao.chadwyck.co.uk<br />Search eg. atoms, chemicals, lab experiments<br /> View article text or article pdf<br />
  • 15. Statistics<br />Fact File Online (only available in College)<br />http://www.carelpress.co.uk<br />select search or browse<br />Select a category e.g. Animals<br />view pages<br />download Excel option<br />Issues Online<br />http://www.independence.co.uk/issues-online<br />Select Issues Online login<br />Select a category – Science & health<br />Select a topic – eg. genetic modification<br />Select topic articles, key facts, key statistics<br />
  • 16. Company information<br />Datamonitor 360<br />http://360.datamonitor.com<br /> search eg. Ineos, Pfizer<br />Or browseindustries<br />eg. biotechnology in the UK<br />News<br />Financial deals<br />Opinion<br />Companies<br /> SWOT analysis (often available)<br />
  • 17. Images<br />Scran<br />http://www.scran.ac.uk<br /> -search for images, use image to create posters etc.<br /> - Science pathfinder packs (Fleming, Lister, Watt, Young)<br />JISC MediaHub<br />http://jiscmediahub.ac.uk<br />-search for video, image & audio resources <br />
  • 18. Ephemera<br />The John Johnson Collection<br />http://johnjohnson.chadwyck.co.uk<br /> an archive of 18th, 19th and early 20th century printed ephemera.<br />Search, browse, login to Lightbox to store<br /> images, read responses (essays)<br />Advertising:<br /> - dentistry<br /> - fuel<br /> - gas appliances<br /> - patent instruments<br /> - scientific instruments<br />Document images in pdf<br />Citation guide<br />
  • 19. Cartoons<br />British Cartoon Archive<br />http://www.cartoons.ac.uk<br />Artwork, files, related documents<br />Biographies of cartoonists<br />Special collection for Carl Giles<br />View cartoon groups – <br /> set up as teaching aids<br />Read copyright info<br />Search eg. chemical giles<br />http://www.cartoons.ac.uk/browse/cartoon_item/anytext=chemical%20giles?page=9<br />
  • 20. Sound recordings<br />BL Archival Sound recordings<br />http://sounds.bl.uk<br />(***Athens login required***)<br />Browse: oral history<br /> then History of common cold unit<br /> then A-Z by interviewee<br />Browse: environment & nature<br /> then amphibians, wildlife or soundscapes<br />
  • 21. Other<br />Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org<br /> information on cc licences and search option.<br />
  • 22. Stage 3. Evaluate <br />Think carefully about the information retrieved:<br />Is information up-to-date, relevant, objective?<br />Who supplied the information?<br />Apply the PROMPT framework to assess information retrieved from your search.<br />Presentation<br />Relevance<br />Objectivity<br />Method<br />Provenance<br />Timeliness<br />
  • 23. Part 2Academic writing issues<br />
  • 24. Problems often arise from:<br />Poor organisation of notes during research stage<br />Excessive use of copy and paste (Ctrl-C, Ctrl-V) <br />Non- acknowledgment, non attribution of sources<br />Lack of understanding of referencing systems<br />As a result:<br />Academic integrity weakened<br />Academic misconduct occurs<br />Disciplinary procedures may be applied<br />Research & academic writing<br />
  • 25. 1. Copyright <br />Legislation<br />protects the owner of the original creative work<br />Permissions<br />check or seek permission to re-use content in projects<br />Reasons for copying<br />Commercial use<br />Non commercial use<br />Educational licence<br />Some materials are licensed especially for use in education<br />.<br />
  • 26. 2. Plagiarism<br />What does plagiarism mean to you?<br />Watch the following video to discover what some other students think.<br /><ul><li>Plagiarism: student views [video & transcript]</li></ul> Running time: approx. 5 min.<br />http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/audioandvideo/assessment<br />Or at: http://vimeo.com/channels/154640#9230505<br />
  • 27. Doing the right thing<br />There are several ways to avoid plagiarising the work of others.<br />Quote<br />useful to highlight main points, support arguments made in your work<br />place exact quote word for word in quotation marks and list source eg.<br />“plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch” (Ashworth, Freewood and Macdonald, 2003)<br />But - don’t use too many quotes in one piece of work<br />Paraphrase<br /> read quote and rephrase into your own words to give an overview<br />it is not enough to just change one word in the quote<br />Remember to attribute the broad ideas to the original author.<br />Summarize<br />Instead of using multi quotes, take the main background ideas from each and present an overview of them all.<br />
  • 28. More information on plagiarism is available from:<br />PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online<br /> available on D2Lhttps://d2l.stevenson.ac.uk/<br /> Student pages – Learning & Study Skills – Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference<br /> Student pages – Preparing for University - Study skills for university – Plagiarism<br />Little book of plagiarism (Leeds Metropolitan University)<br />http://www.scotlandscolleges.ac.uk/research/publications/other-publications.html<br />Turnitin<br />Plagiarism – additional advice<br />
  • 29. 3. Citations<br />Why list citations?<br /><ul><li>a record of the information you researched and consulted</li></ul>Citation styles<br /><ul><li>Various styles including: APA, Harvard, MLA, Turabian</li></ul>Adding citations to academic writing<br /><ul><li>In-text citations
  • 30. End of text – list of references
  • 31. Footnotes (but these not always used with Harvard system)</li></ul>Type of resource cited include<br /><ul><li> book, journal article, online resources</li></ul>Elements recorded in citations may include<br /><ul><li> author, year published, title, title of article/journal, page number
  • 32. type of electronic resource, web address, date/place accessed</li></ul>Guidelines<br /><ul><li>Some faculties may issue specific guidelines
  • 33. Whatever system used, use consistently</li></li></ul><li>How to make citations<br />Harvard Reference system tutorial<br /><ul><li>PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online</li></ul> available on D2L<br />https://d2l.stevenson.ac.uk/<br /> Student pages <br /> Learning & Study Skills<br /> Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference<br />
  • 34. 4. Reference Lists<br />Free tools to help you organise citations and<br />references include:<br />Citavi http://www.citavi.com<br />Cite u Like http://www.citeulike.org<br />Connetea http://www.connotea.org<br />EasyBib http://www.easybib.com<br />Mendeley http://www.mendeley.com<br />WorldCat http://www.worldcat.org<br />Zotero http://www.zotero.org<br />
  • 35. Reference List<br />What is a reference list?<br />Found at end of assignment<br />A list of all sources referred to in the main body of the assignment<br />Listed A-Z by author’s surname<br />What does it include?<br />List of sources from which quotes have been taken<br />List of sources which have been paraphrased<br />What does it not include?<br />any resources used only for background reading<br />
  • 36. 5. Bibliography<br />What is a bibliography?<br />A complete list of all the resources consulted during research.<br />Not just a reference list.<br />Contains all items whether or not you referred to them in the final project<br />
  • 37. Microsoft Office Word 7<br /><ul><li> Select references tab then citations & bibliography tools
  • 38. Styles – APA, Chicago, GB7714, GOST, ISO 690, MLA, SIST02, Turabian
  • 39. Manages sources, insert citation, bibliography
  • 40. More info: Create a bibliography</li></ul>http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word-help/create-a-bibliography-HA010067492.aspx<br />

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