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Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
Access to Languages Comm class
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Access to Languages Comm class


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  • 1. Finding information
  • 2. Access identification
    • Open Athens / MyAthens
    • Apply for an account
    • Login to MyAthens
    • Enter Username
    • Enter password
    • Select resources
  • 3. Reference Sources
    • Credo Reference
    • Oxford Reference Online
  • 4. Contemporary issues
    • Essential Articles
    • /
    • Issues Online
  • 5. Statistical sources
    • Fact File
    • /
    • Social Trends in Know UK
  • 6. Company Information
    • DataMonitor 360
    • http://
    • Key Organisations
  • 7.
    • Problems often arise from:
    • Non- acknowledgment, non attribution of sources
    • Poor organisation of notes during research stage
    • Excessive use of copy and paste (Ctrl-C, Ctrl-V)
    • Lack of understanding of referencing systems
    • As a result:
    • Academic integrity weakened
    • Academic misconduct occurs
    • Disciplinary procedures may be applied
    Research & academic writing
  • 8. Copyright
      • Legislation
      • protects the owner of the original creative work
      • Permissions
      • check or seek permission to re-use content in projects
      • Reasons for copying
      • Commercial use
      • Non commercial use
      • Educational licence
      • Some materials are licensed especially for use in education
      • Creative Commons
      • Maximises digital creativity, sharing, innovation
      • .
  • 9.
    • What does plagiarism mean to you?
    • Watch the following video to discover what some other students think.
    • Plagiarism: student views [video & transcript]
    • Running time: approx. 5 min.
    • Or at:
  • 10. Types of plagiarism
    • Plagiarism takes many forms including :
    • intentional
    • unintentional
    • and may involve:
    • collusion – getting help from others (family, friends, colleagues, etc)
    • non reference of quotes – not accrediting the source of the quote used
    • poor use of paraphrasing – not using quotes effectively
    • using unacknowledged sources– cutting and pasting content without attribute
    • submitting essay bank materials – purchasing pre-written essays
    • time saving tactics – re-using an old essay, only changing a few words
    • To find out more, take a look at the following DVD available in the Library:
    • Avoiding plagiarism [DVD] total running time approx 23 mins.
    • includes section Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing (6 mins.)
  • 11. Doing the right thing
    • There are several ways to avoid plagiarising the work of others.
    • Quote
    • useful to highlight main points, support arguments made in your work
    • place exact quote word for word in quotation marks and list source eg.
    • “ plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch” (Ashworth, Freewood and Macdonald, 2003)
    • But - don’t use too many quotes in one piece of work
    • Paraphrase
    • read quote and rephrase into your own words to give an overview
    • it is not enough to just change one word in the quote
    • Remember to attribute the broad ideas to the original author.
    • Summarize
    • Instead of using multi quotes, take the main background ideas from each and present an overview of them all.
  • 12.
    • More information on plagiarism is available from:
    • PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online
    • available on D2L
    • Student pages – Learning & Study Skills – Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference
    • Student pages – Preparing for University - Study skills for university – Plagiarism
    • Little book of plagiarism (Leeds Metropolitan University)
    Plagiarism – additional advice
  • 13. Citations
    • Why list citations?
    • a record of the information you researched and consulted
    • Citation styles
    • Various styles including: APA, Harvard, MLA, Turabian
    • Adding citations to academic writing
    • In-text citations
    • End of text – list of references
    • Footnotes (but these not always used with Harvard system)
    • Type of resource cited include
    • book, journal article, online resources
    • Elements recorded in citations may include
    • author, year published, title, title of article/journal, page number
    • type of electronic resource, web address, date/place accessed
    • Guidelines
    • Some faculties may issue specific guidelines
    • Whatever system used, use consistently
  • 14. How to make citations
    • PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online
    • available on D2L:
    • Student pages: Learning & Study Skills: Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference
    • Harvard Reference system tutorial
    • Examples of how to cite electronic sources can be found on most of the online resource databases.
    • Citations offered may be given in a slightly different style to the one you need to use.
    • You may need to look for, and add, additional information to the citation to match the needs of the system you are using.
  • 15. Citations examples
    • Ebrary
    • Info tools – select text, copy selected text, paste with citations
    • Credo Reference
    • Citations listed at end of articles
    • Styles quoted: APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA
    • Gale databases
    • Source citations information offered at end of article
    • Citation tools – save in various formats (MLA, APA, Plain text)
    • Issues Online
    • Research help
    • Heritage library catalogue
    • Citation – Harvard style
  • 16. Examples- continued
    • Oxford Reference Online
    • The citation for each entry includes a URL which readers can use to find the original entry and also indicates the name of the subscribing institution.
    • Scran
    • How to save Scran resources
    • The John Johnson Collection
    • How to cite sources found in the collection. Styles - MHRA, MLA
    • Please note
    • We do not currently hold subscriptions to the following third party software:
    • Endnote, Procite, Reference Manager, Refworks
  • 17. Reference List
    • What is a reference list?
    • Found at end of assignment
    • A list of all sources referred to in the main body of the assignment
    • Listed A-Z by author’s surname
    • What does it include?
    • List of sources from which quotes have been taken
    • List of sources which have been paraphrased
    • What does it not include?
    • any resources used only for background reading
  • 18. Bibliography
    • What is a bibliography?
    • A complete list of all the resources consulted during research.
    • Not just a reference list.
    • Contains all items whether or not you referred to them in the final project
  • 19. Placing bibliography in report
      • A report is a structured document which has several key components:
      • Title page, preface, contents page, summary,
      • Introduction (SMART objectives), Findings, Conclusion, Recommendations
      • Appendix or appendices, References, Bibliography, Index
      • Further reading
      • Report writing (Loughborough University)
      • Try Library print books in non-fiction collection at 808.066
      • E-book How to write reports and proposals (Forsyth, 2006)
  • 20.
    • Free tools to help you organise citations and
    • references include:
    • Citavi
    • Cite u Like
    • Connetea
    • EasyBib
    • Mendeley
    • WorldCat
    • Zotero
    Reference Management tools