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  • 1. Finding information
  • 2. Access identification
    • Open Athens / MyAthens
    • http://www.openathens.net
    • Apply for an account
    • Login to MyAthens
    • Enter Username
    • Enter password
    • Select resources
  • 3. Reference Sources
    • Credo Reference
    • http://www.credoreference.com
    • Oxford Reference Online
    • http://www.oxfordreference.com
  • 4. Contemporary issues
    • Essential Articles
    • http://www.carelpress.co.uk/EA /
    • Issues Online
    • http://www.independence.co.uk/issues-online/main
  • 5. Statistical sources
    • Fact File
    • http://ff.carelpress.co.uk /
    • Social Trends in Know UK
    • http://www.knowuk.co.uk
    • http://www.knowuk.co.uk/toc.do?PubID=SOCIAL
  • 6. Company Information
    • DataMonitor 360
    • http:// 360.datamonitor.com
    • Key Organisations
    • http://ko.carelpress.co.uk/
  • 7.
    • Problems often arise from:
    • Non- acknowledgment, non attribution of sources
    • Poor organisation of notes during research stage
    • Excessive use of copy and paste (Ctrl-C, Ctrl-V)
    • Lack of understanding of referencing systems
    • As a result:
    • Academic integrity weakened
    • Academic misconduct occurs
    • Disciplinary procedures may be applied
    Research & academic writing
  • 8. Copyright
      • Legislation
      • protects the owner of the original creative work
      • Permissions
      • check or seek permission to re-use content in projects
      • Reasons for copying
      • Commercial use
      • Non commercial use
      • Educational licence
      • Some materials are licensed especially for use in education
      • Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org
      • Maximises digital creativity, sharing, innovation
      • .
  • 9.
    • What does plagiarism mean to you?
    • Watch the following video to discover what some other students think.
    • Plagiarism: student views [video & transcript]
    • Running time: approx. 5 min.
    • http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/audioandvideo/assessment
    • Or at: http://vimeo.com/channels/154640#9230505
    Plagiarism
  • 10. Types of plagiarism
    • Plagiarism takes many forms including :
    • intentional
    • unintentional
    • and may involve:
    • collusion – getting help from others (family, friends, colleagues, etc)
    • non reference of quotes – not accrediting the source of the quote used
    • poor use of paraphrasing – not using quotes effectively
    • using unacknowledged sources– cutting and pasting content without attribute
    • submitting essay bank materials – purchasing pre-written essays
    • time saving tactics – re-using an old essay, only changing a few words
    • To find out more, take a look at the following DVD available in the Library:
    • Avoiding plagiarism [DVD] total running time approx 23 mins.
    • includes section Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing (6 mins.)
  • 11. Doing the right thing
    • There are several ways to avoid plagiarising the work of others.
    • Quote
    • useful to highlight main points, support arguments made in your work
    • place exact quote word for word in quotation marks and list source eg.
    • “ plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch” (Ashworth, Freewood and Macdonald, 2003)
    • But - don’t use too many quotes in one piece of work
    • Paraphrase
    • read quote and rephrase into your own words to give an overview
    • it is not enough to just change one word in the quote
    • Remember to attribute the broad ideas to the original author.
    • Summarize
    • Instead of using multi quotes, take the main background ideas from each and present an overview of them all.
  • 12.
    • More information on plagiarism is available from:
    • PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online
    • available on D2L https://d2l.stevenson.ac.uk/
    • Student pages – Learning & Study Skills – Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference
    • Student pages – Preparing for University - Study skills for university – Plagiarism
    • Little book of plagiarism (Leeds Metropolitan University)
    • http://www.scotlandscolleges.ac.uk/research/publications/other-publications.html
    Plagiarism – additional advice
  • 13. Citations
    • Why list citations?
    • a record of the information you researched and consulted
    • Citation styles
    • Various styles including: APA, Harvard, MLA, Turabian
    • Adding citations to academic writing
    • In-text citations
    • End of text – list of references
    • Footnotes (but these not always used with Harvard system)
    • Type of resource cited include
    • book, journal article, online resources
    • Elements recorded in citations may include
    • author, year published, title, title of article/journal, page number
    • type of electronic resource, web address, date/place accessed
    • Guidelines
    • Some faculties may issue specific guidelines
    • Whatever system used, use consistently
  • 14. How to make citations
    • PLATO: Plagiarism teaching online
    • available on D2L: https://d2l.stevenson.ac.uk/
    • Student pages: Learning & Study Skills: Avoiding plagiarism/how to reference
    • Harvard Reference system tutorial
    • Examples of how to cite electronic sources can be found on most of the online resource databases.
    • Citations offered may be given in a slightly different style to the one you need to use.
    • You may need to look for, and add, additional information to the citation to match the needs of the system you are using.
  • 15. Citations examples
    • Ebrary http://site.ebrary.com/lib/stevenson/home.action
    • Info tools – select text, copy selected text, paste with citations
    • Credo Reference http://www.credoreference.com
    • Citations listed at end of articles
    • Styles quoted: APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA
    • Gale databases http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/stevensc
    • Source citations information offered at end of article
    • Citation tools – save in various formats (MLA, APA, Plain text)
    • Issues Online
    • Research help http://www.independence.co.uk/issues-online/research-help.htm
    • Heritage library catalogue
    • Citation – Harvard style
  • 16. Examples- continued
    • Oxford Reference Online http://www.oxfordreference.com
    • The citation for each entry includes a URL which readers can use to find the original entry and also indicates the name of the subscribing institution.
    • Scran
    • How to save Scran resources http://www.scran.ac.uk/pdfs/help/guides/How_To_Save.pdf
    • The John Johnson Collection
    • How to cite sources found in the collection. Styles - MHRA, MLA
    • http://johnjohnson.chadwyck.co.uk/info/citing.do
    • Please note
    • We do not currently hold subscriptions to the following third party software:
    • Endnote, Procite, Reference Manager, Refworks
  • 17. Reference List
    • What is a reference list?
    • Found at end of assignment
    • A list of all sources referred to in the main body of the assignment
    • Listed A-Z by author’s surname
    • What does it include?
    • List of sources from which quotes have been taken
    • List of sources which have been paraphrased
    • What does it not include?
    • any resources used only for background reading
  • 18. Bibliography
    • What is a bibliography?
    • A complete list of all the resources consulted during research.
    • Not just a reference list.
    • Contains all items whether or not you referred to them in the final project
  • 19. Placing bibliography in report
      • A report is a structured document which has several key components:
      • Title page, preface, contents page, summary,
      • Introduction (SMART objectives), Findings, Conclusion, Recommendations
      • Appendix or appendices, References, Bibliography, Index
      • Further reading
      • Report writing (Loughborough University)
      • http://www.lboro.ac.uk/library/skills/Advice/Report%20writing.pdf
      • Try Library print books in non-fiction collection at 808.066
      • E-book How to write reports and proposals (Forsyth, 2006)
      • http://site.ebrary.com/lib/stevenson/docDetail.action?docID=10177081
  • 20.
    • Free tools to help you organise citations and
    • references include:
    • Citavi http://www.citavi.com
    • Cite u Like http://www.citeulike.org
    • Connetea http://www.connotea.org
    • EasyBib http://www.easybib.com
    • Mendeley http://www.mendeley.com
    • WorldCat http://www.worldcat.org
    • Zotero http://www.zotero.org
    Reference Management tools