Ethiks presentation.ethiks


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Ethiks presentation.ethiks

  2. 2. Introduction • MOTIVATION:-  "Motivation is a decision-making process, through which the individual chooses the desired outcomes and sets in motion the behavior appropriate to them".   Motivation is defined as an urge in an individual to perform goal directed behavior. Therefore, motivation cannot be inflicted from outside but it is an intrinsic desire in a man to achieve the target goal through performance or activity.   Motives are expression of person’s need. Hence, they are personal and internal. Incentives on the other hand are external to the person. They are made part of work environment by management in order to encourage workers to accomplish task. The motivational model indicates that a sense of felt deprivation generates needs and such needs create tension in an individual. The individual perceive and makes cost benefit analysis on the ways and means of releasing such tension.
  3. 3. LEADERSHIP • Leadership :-  “a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task”  Leadership is "organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal". The leader may or may not have any formal authority. Studies of leadership have produced theories involving traits situational interaction, function, behavior, power, vision and values charisma, and intelligence, among others. Somebody whom people follow: somebody who guides or directs others.  establishing a clear vision  sharing that vision with others so that they will follow willingly,
  4. 4. MAHATMA GANDHI – AN INDIAN MODEL OF SERVANT LEADERSHIP Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 at porabander Gujarat  Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi and the great leader of the masses in India, is the important architect and significant leader of the Indian freedom struggle. Indian leaders India is a land of great political leaders who ruled the country effectively and also by protecting its national interest. It was not an easy task to accomplish, keeping in view the changes taking place in the world political scenario. Leaders like Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi Bose played an indispensable role in changing the perspective of world towards India.
  5. 5. • Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a social reformer and freedom fighter. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and strongest advocates of Swaraj (Self Rule). He was universally recognized as the "Father of Indian Movement". Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh was among the prominent revolutionaries who shaped the base of a grand national movement. Following his execution, on March 23, 1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a "Shaheed", "martyr".
  6. 6. Models of Motivation  Motivation means ‘’to move’’. It is a prosses of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals. It is an psychological phenomenon which generates within an individual. Motivation refers to the way in which urges, drives,desires,aspirations, strivings, needs detect control or explain the behavior of human being. Motivation concerns itself with the will to work  The study of human motivation is importance in the theory of management. Management involves creation and maintenance of environment for performance of individuals working together in groups towards accomplishment of common objectives therefore the manager cannot perform his function without resulting what motivates people.
  7. 7. • CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION: 1. Motivation is a psychological phenomenon, which generates within an individual. 2. It is an inner feeling, which energizes a person to work more. 3. The emotions or desires of a person prompt him for doing a particular work. 4. There are unsatisfied needs of a person which disturb his equilibrium. 5. A person moves to fulfill his unsatisfied needs by conditioning his energies. 6. There are dormant energies in a person, which are activated by channelizing them into an action
  8. 8. • Models of motivation in indian thought 1-shrikrishna model of motivation :-  In Mahabharata Arjuna chose Krishna as his advisor because Krishna represented almighty source of motivation. when Arjuna is disheartened at the onset of kurukshetra bettal ,Krishna motivates him.  Shri krishna,by the power of hues inspiring words, changes arjun’s mind from states of inertia to one of righteous action, from the states o alination,to estates of self confidence in the ultimate victory of ‘”DHRMA’” BHAGWADGEETA says that he ideal spiritual hero should have qualities like ;fearlessness,vigour,purity,evennessof mind,patienc etc  Krishna explain the importance of gyanyoga,bhaktiyoga,and karma yoga to Arjuna . According to Krishna excellence in karma is yoga. his word had magical impact on Arjuna, who won the battal over affirming the victory of dharma over adhrma,satya over asatya
  9. 9. • Swami Vivekananda:-
  10. 10. Leadership • Rajarishi Model – The authentic Indian Model, which states a leader should be skilled in governance(like Raja) and should seer (rishi). E.g.. Raja Janak. Rishi is eternal traveler and a person who can show light • • . It symbolizes the holistic synthesis the holistic synthesis of character & behavior . The leadership should be above the greedy path towards the spiritual one. There are many examples like: Buddha, Asoka, Harshvardhan, Shivaji, Chanakya etc. Leaders should give utmost importance to integrity & social responsibilities. A great leader should posses a charisma arising out of consistent pursuit of self control, sacrifice & renunciation.
  11. 11. Leadership from Buddhism :- According to this model, leader can be king if he is free from 4 evils: Partially, dislike ignorance & fear. A leader should following qualities: • He must have a pure mind [chittashuddhi] for a holistic vision. • A pure mind is the condition of perfect insight into fundamentals. • His counselor should be free from self-interest.  Manu- Smriti Model of leadership :- According to this model, there are few principles for a king or a leader. He should avoid all undertaking success that depends on others and purse that success which entirely depends on him. Everything that depends on other gives pain & everything on oneself gives pleasure. • Lord created punishment for the king. It’s a protection of all creatures. • Punishment has to be inflicted justly.
  12. 12. • Vivekananda Model of leadership : - • : Vivekananda tried to reconcile Gyan & Karma to bring true leadership qualities in man. According to this model, leader • Leader is not made. He has to be born with it. • For better judgment, a leader should be free from selfishness. • Work like a worm steadily. • Vijigshu Model of Leadership ( Kautilaya) : - Vijigshu means Vijay (victory) ikshuk (desirous). Thus, leader must be desirous of victory. Developed in the context of 'Kingdom Management', model required the king or the leader to be self motivated and driven by 'victory' orientation. Vijigshu uses the persuasion (Sam), economic incentive (dam), power division (bhed) and punishment (danda) as instruments to achieve his objective of loksangraha (welfare of the world). I n this model, power (danda) is to be used for loksangraha i.e. enlightened collective interest and not for self-interest.
  13. 13. CONCLUSION • The world today is witnessing rapid environmental changes which are causing fundamental transformation that have a dramatic impact on the organization and present new challenges for human resource management in general and motivation levels in particulars .There have been numerous studies which relate motivation but no such study was found to be relating motivation in defense personnel. Similarly there have been numerous studies which relate motivation with leadership behavior and organization effectiveness. But no such study was found to be relating motivation with leadership behavior ,organizational culture ,team spirit and personnel effectiveness of manager..
  14. 14. • Today giving models of motivation is more appropriate than the needy ,greedy or hungry model of motivation If organization as well as employee both have thinking of giving then they becomes self motivated to do better towards their responsibilities and ultimately organization achieve its goal • leadership is a vast and important subject . we can find leadership in every sort of work and play .. This is possible because they allow for different types of followers ,situations and leaders .They are flexible in nature an adaptable too. Leadership models are useful and perhaps the best toolkit if you have only one ,but they work best when the leader is additionally able to draw on to integrate the best of what Leadership philosophies and leadership style theory can offer….. • ‘’ LEADERSHIP IS NOT ABOUT MAKING SPEECHES OR BEING LIKED;LEADERSHIP IS DEFINED BY RESULTS NOT ATTRIBUTES’’.
  15. 15. PRESENTED BY – Manisha Jha Hemant Bangre Ankur Rai Ritika Verma